Cheorwon County

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Cheorwon
철원군
County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Cheorwon-gun
 • McCune-Reischauer Ch'ŏrwŏn-gun
Official logo of Cheorwon
Emblem of Cheorwon
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Gwandong, Gyeonggi (before 1434)
Administrative divisions 4 eup, 3 myeon
Area
 • Total 899.82 km2 (347.42 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 54,040
 • Density 60.05/km2 (155.5/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gangwon

Cheorwon County (Cheorwon-gun [tɕʰʌɾwʌn ɡun]), also spelt Chorwon, is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. It is located right next to the border with North Korea.

History[edit]

Korean War[edit]

Following the Division of Korea in 1945, all of Cheorwon County was part of North Korea.

During the Korean War the region changed hands several times during the UN invasion of North Korea and the Chinese invasion of South Korea, by 1951 the frontlines had stabilized, cutting across Cheorwon County and the area became part of the Iron Triangle battlefield. The Battle of White Horse took place north of Cheorwon town from 6–15 October 1952 and the Battle of Triangle Hill took place north of Gimhwa-eup from 14 October - 25 November 1952.

Following the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement, the Korean Demilitarized Zone cut Cheorwon County in two, creating Cheorwon County in South Korea and Chorwon County in North Korea.

A number of Korean War sites in Cheorwon County are now tourist destinations including the former Woljeong-ri Station, the former Korean Workers’ Party Office, the Iron Triangle Tourist Office, the Second Incursion Tunnel and the Cheorwon Peace Observatory[2]

Symbol[edit]

  • County Tree : Korean Nut Pine
  • County Flower : Royal Azalea
  • County Bird : Crane

Location[edit]

Cheorwon plays an important role in providing passage from Seoul to Wonsan and Kumgangsan

Since the expansion of the 43 National Road which connects Cheorwon and Seoul, the ease of transportation has been improved greatly.[3]

Climate[edit]

Cheorwon, South Korea
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
21
 
 
1
−11
 
 
26
 
 
4
−8
 
 
40
 
 
10
−3
 
 
64
 
 
18
3
 
 
102
 
 
23
10
 
 
138
 
 
26
16
 
 
401
 
 
28
20
 
 
338
 
 
29
20
 
 
149
 
 
25
14
 
 
45
 
 
19
5
 
 
46
 
 
10
−1
 
 
21
 
 
3
−8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Climate data for Cheorwon (1981–2010, extremes 1988–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
17.5
(63.5)
22.4
(72.3)
29.8
(85.6)
32.4
(90.3)
34.0
(93.2)
35.6
(96.1)
36.9
(98.4)
33.7
(92.7)
29.0
(84.2)
24.0
(75.2)
14.5
(58.1)
36.9
(98.4)
Average high °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
4.2
(39.6)
9.8
(49.6)
17.5
(63.5)
22.5
(72.5)
26.2
(79.2)
27.7
(81.9)
28.7
(83.7)
24.8
(76.6)
18.9
(66)
10.4
(50.7)
3.1
(37.6)
16.2
(61.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.5
(38.3)
10.4
(50.7)
16.3
(61.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
18.7
(65.7)
11.5
(52.7)
4.1
(39.4)
−2.8
(27)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.3
(37.9)
10.3
(50.5)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68)
19.9
(67.8)
13.5
(56.3)
5.3
(41.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
−8.1
(17.4)
4.7
(40.5)
Record low °C (°F) −29.2
(−20.6)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−13.4
(7.9)
−8.2
(17.2)
0.9
(33.6)
6.1
(43)
11.3
(52.3)
8.8
(47.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−6.3
(20.7)
−13.8
(7.2)
−22.2
(−8)
−29.2
(−20.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.6
(0.811)
26.4
(1.039)
40.2
(1.583)
64.0
(2.52)
102.0
(4.016)
138.0
(5.433)
400.9
(15.783)
338.2
(13.315)
148.5
(5.846)
44.7
(1.76)
46.4
(1.827)
21.2
(0.835)
1,391.2
(54.772)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.3 6.3 7.9 8.0 9.7 11.3 17.0 14.1 8.7 6.8 7.7 7.9 112.7
Average snowy days 9.2 6.2 4.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 7.3 29.7
Average relative humidity (%) 68.9 64.9 62.6 58.9 65.5 72.1 80.7 79.9 76.8 72.9 71.1 70.6 70.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 161.4 166.3 178.7 195.8 207.8 178.4 128.4 165.0 178.6 192.5 147.7 149.4 2,050.1
Percent possible sunshine 52.9 54.7 48.2 49.5 47.1 40.2 28.5 39.1 47.8 53.4 48.6 50.4 46.0
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[4][5][6] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[7]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ :: Welcome to Cheorwon county! ::
  2. ^ "PLZ (Peace & Life Zone) Section 4 Cherwon". Korea Tourism Organisation. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Welcome to Cheorwon county! ::[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010), 철원(95)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  5. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 철원(95)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  6. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 철원(95)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  8. ^ 제주특별자치도 서귀포시 방문을 환영합니다

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°12′33″N 127°13′03″E / 38.20917°N 127.21750°E / 38.20917; 127.21750