Cheorwon County

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Cheorwon

철원군
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationCheorwon-gun
 • McCune-ReischauerCh'ŏrwŏn-gun
Official logo of Cheorwon
Emblem of Cheorwon
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country South Korea
RegionGwandong, Gyeonggi (before 1434)
Administrative divisions4 eup, 3 myeon
Area
 • Total899.82 km2 (347.42 sq mi)
Population
(2001)
 • Total54,040
 • Density60.05/km2 (155.5/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Gangwon

Cheorwon County (Cheorwon-gun [tɕʰʌɾwʌn ɡun]), also spelled Chorwon, is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. It is located right next to the border with North Korea.

History[edit]

Korean War[edit]

Following the Division of Korea in 1945, all of Cheorwon County was part of North Korea.

During the Korean War the region changed hands several times during the UN invasion of North Korea and the Chinese invasion of South Korea, by 1951 the frontlines had stabilized, cutting across Cheorwon County and the area became part of the Iron Triangle battlefield. The Battle of White Horse took place north of Cheorwon town from 6–15 October 1952 and the Battle of Triangle Hill took place north of Gimhwa-eup from 14 October - 25 November 1952.

Following the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement, the Korean Demilitarized Zone cut Cheorwon County in two, creating Cheorwon County in South Korea and Chorwon County in North Korea.

A number of Korean War sites in Cheorwon County are now tourist destinations including the former Woljeong-ri Station, the former Korean Workers’ Party Office, the Iron Triangle Tourist Office, the Second Incursion Tunnel and the Cheorwon Peace Observatory[2]

Civilian Control Line (CCL)[edit]

The Civilian Control Line is an additional buffer zone to the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).  The distance between the DMZ and CCL in South Korea range from 5 to 20 km (3.1 to 12.4 mi). The purpose is to limit and control the entrance of civilians into areas in order to protect and maintain the security of military facilities and operations near the DMZ.

Tourism[edit]

For South Korea, tourism has been important since the 1962 Five Year Development Plan.  This designated a key economic development sector and a ‘patriotic industry’ (Hunter, 153). Historically nationalistic or patriotic views have driven for the development of tourism in South Korea.  Well organized tours and defined monuments and sites ensure these bordering areas are populated with visitors that participate in the symbolic landscape defined by the South Korean government (Hunter, 153).

“A scene of bloody battles” (n.d) and tense border activity, the front line county of Cheorwon, is a strange paradox.  This historical county is a strange paradox which is rarely visited by Western tourists. To comprehend the bloody and grim historical tragedy between North and South Korea, Cheorwon county must be experienced.

The Second Tunnel:[edit]

“Found in the DMZ” (n.d) was found by Korean guards listening to the sound of explosions under the ground during their shift. After determined excavation on March 19, 1975, “The Second Tunnel” was discovered. The second tunnel was for a sudden aid by the North Korean Army into South Korea.  The second tunnel is composed of a firm granitic layer, is 3.5km (2.17 mi) in length, and various in depth from 50m-160m (164ft-525ft).

Cheorwon Peace Observatory:[edit]

“Cheorwon Peace Observatory” (n.d) is located at Junggang-ri, Dongsong-eup, South Korea.  The Observatory is three stories high with a basement and was opened in November 2007.  The observatory’s first floor is the exhibition hall and the second floor is an observatory. Tourists on the second floor can observe the surrounding ecosystem, fortress of Gung-Ye Cast town, Pyeonggang tableland, and Seonjeon town of North Korea in the DMZ.

Memorial Tower of the Baekma Goji Battle:[edit]

“The armies who captured” (n.d) the Baekma Goji had charged the hill 24 times during ten days of battles finally winning the siege. During the Baekma Goji battle the hill was filled with terrible smells from dead bodies.  The original shape of the hill was transformed from more than 300,000 bombings.  Once the bombings were over the destroyed ridge looked like a white horse lying down, so it was named Baekma Goji, meaning white horse hill.

Victory Observatory:[edit]

“At the center of the 155 miles” (n.d) of the cease-fire line is the Victory Observatory. While visiting the Victory Observatory tourists can stare at Soldiers from the North Korean army, and the actual sites of the national division such as Geumgansan Railroad, Gwangasm Plain, and Achim-ri town.

Symbol[edit]

  • County Tree : Korean Nut Pine
  • County Flower : Royal Azalea
  • County Bird : Crane

Location[edit]

Cheorwon plays an important role in providing passage from Seoul to Wonsan and Kumgangsan.

Since the expansion of the 43 National Road which connects Cheorwon and Seoul, the ease of transportation has been improved greatly.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Cheorwon (1981–2010, extremes 1988–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
17.5
(63.5)
22.4
(72.3)
29.8
(85.6)
32.4
(90.3)
34.0
(93.2)
35.6
(96.1)
36.9
(98.4)
33.7
(92.7)
29.0
(84.2)
24.0
(75.2)
14.5
(58.1)
36.9
(98.4)
Average high °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
4.2
(39.6)
9.8
(49.6)
17.5
(63.5)
22.5
(72.5)
26.2
(79.2)
27.7
(81.9)
28.7
(83.7)
24.8
(76.6)
18.9
(66)
10.4
(50.7)
3.1
(37.6)
16.2
(61.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.5
(38.3)
10.4
(50.7)
16.3
(61.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
18.7
(65.7)
11.5
(52.7)
4.1
(39.4)
−2.8
(27)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.3
(37.9)
10.3
(50.5)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68)
19.9
(67.8)
13.5
(56.3)
5.3
(41.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
−8.1
(17.4)
4.7
(40.5)
Record low °C (°F) −29.2
(−20.6)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−13.4
(7.9)
−8.2
(17.2)
0.9
(33.6)
6.1
(43)
11.3
(52.3)
8.8
(47.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−6.3
(20.7)
−13.8
(7.2)
−22.2
(−8)
−29.2
(−20.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.6
(0.81)
26.4
(1.04)
40.2
(1.58)
64.0
(2.52)
102.0
(4.02)
138.0
(5.43)
400.9
(15.78)
338.2
(13.31)
148.5
(5.85)
44.7
(1.76)
46.4
(1.83)
21.2
(0.83)
1,391.2
(54.77)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.3 6.3 7.9 8.0 9.7 11.3 17.0 14.1 8.7 6.8 7.7 7.9 112.7
Average snowy days 9.2 6.2 4.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 7.3 29.7
Average relative humidity (%) 68.9 64.9 62.6 58.9 65.5 72.1 80.7 79.9 76.8 72.9 71.1 70.6 70.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 161.4 166.3 178.7 195.8 207.8 178.4 128.4 165.0 178.6 192.5 147.7 149.4 2,050.1
Percent possible sunshine 52.9 54.7 48.2 49.5 47.1 40.2 28.5 39.1 47.8 53.4 48.6 50.4 46.0
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[4][5][6] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[7]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Land of future! Dream of a thousand years!". 18 February 2013. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013.
  2. ^ "PLZ (Peace & Life Zone) Section 4 Cherwon". Korea Tourism Organisation. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  3. ^ Welcome to Cheorwon county! ::[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010), 철원(95)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  5. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 철원(95)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  6. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 철원(95)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  8. ^ [서귀포시] 불편을 드려 죄송합니다.. www.seogwipo.go.kr.


Citations[edit]

Cheorwon Peace Observatory. (n.d.). Retrieved December 7, 2018, from http://www.cwg.go.kr/site/english/sub.do?key=455

Cheorwon: Frontline Tourism. (2015, November 5). Retrieved December 7, 2018, from http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/ATR/SI_EN_3_6.jsp?gotoPage=1&out_service=&cid=2039946

Hunter, W. C. (2013). The Visual Representation of Border Tourism: Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) and Dokdo in South Korea. International Journal of Tourism Research,17(2), 151-160. doi:10.1002/jtr.1973

Memorial Tower of the Baeckma Goji Battle. (n.d.). Retrieved December 9, 2018, from http://www.cwg.go.kr/site/english/sub.do?key=458

The Second Tunnel. (n.d.). Retrieved December 8, 2018, from http://www.cwg.go.kr/site/english/sub.do?key=454

Victory Observatory. (n.d.). Retrieved December 9, 2018, from [http://www.cwg.go.kr/site/english/sub.do?key=460

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°12′33″N 127°13′03″E / 38.20917°N 127.21750°E / 38.20917; 127.21750