Cher (river)

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Cher
Cher riviere.jpg
The Cher
Native nameLe Cher  (French)
Location
CountryFrance
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationMassif Central
 - elevation762 m (2,500 ft)
Mouth 
 - location
Loire
 - coordinates
47°20′33″N 0°28′49″E / 47.34250°N 0.48028°E / 47.34250; 0.48028 (Loire-Cher)Coordinates: 47°20′33″N 0°28′49″E / 47.34250°N 0.48028°E / 47.34250; 0.48028 (Loire-Cher)
Length367.8 km (228.5 mi)
Basin size13,718 km2 (5,297 sq mi)
Discharge 
 - average104 m3/s (3,700 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionLoireAtlantic Ocean

The Cher (Occitan: Char) is a river in central France, a left tributary of the Loire. It is 367.8 km (228.5 mi) long and its basin area is 13,718 km2 (5,297 sq mi).[1] Its source is in the Creuse department, north-east of Crocq. It joins the river Loire at Villandry, west of Tours.

The river suffered a devastating flood in 1940, which damaged the Château de Chenonceau, which spans the river, and other structures along the banks. It owes its name to the pre-Indo-European root kʰar 'stone'.

Departments and towns[edit]

The Cher flows through the following departments, and along the following towns:[2]

Tributaries[edit]

The main tributaries of the Cher are, from spring to mouth (L: left / R: right):

Navigation[edit]

The Cher was part of a network of waterways that linked the city of Tours to Nevers, where connections to other regions of France existed. As of 2018, only the 54 kilometres (34 mi) section between Larçay (southeast of Tours) and Noyers-sur-Cher is navigable for small boats (maximum draft 80 cm). It has 14 locks.[3] At Noyers-sur-Cher, it is connected with the Canal de Berry, of which only the westernmost 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) section until Selles-sur-Cher is navigable.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau - Cher (K---0090)".
  2. ^ "Geoportail Homepage". Geoportail.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  3. ^ Fluviacarte, Cher
  4. ^ Fluviacarte, Canal de Berry