Cheraman Perumal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Styles of
King of the Cheras
Flag of Chera dynasty.svg
Reference style Cheraman Perumal

Cheraman Perumal (Tamil: சேரமான் பெருமாள்; Malayalam: ചേരമാൻ പെരുമാൾ; Arabic: رضي الله عنه‎) is the royal title used by the rulers of the Chera dynasty in southern India.[1]

Myths around Cheraman Perumal[edit]

The sudden disappearance of the last Cheraman Perumal led to various myths created around his fate. Upon the termination of tenure of the last Cheraman perumal, he is believed to have been ventured to one of the following places:

  1. Mecca (which gave rise to the story of Tajuddeen Cheraman Perumal)
  2. Kailash (which gave rise to the story of Cheraman Perumal Nayanaar)
  3. Any Buddhist site such as Kapilavastu, Lumbini, Saranath
  4. Nalanda university, which was once headed by Buddhists from Kerala.[2]

But the lack of proof regarding his travel to any of these places made his disappearance a mystery. There are however other tales that finalize the fate of Cheraman Perumal as:

  • Husband of Kshatriya woman and three Sudra girls, who beget the future kings of Kerala.[2]
  • King whose sister married Brahmin (Namboothiri) chief from Perumpadappu and the origin of Perumpadappu Swaroopam (Cochin Royal Family). [2]
  • King who sent message to Ceylon to bring back the carpenters,under the protection of Ezhavas.[2]
  • One who went to Mecca in 843 A.D. and converted to Islam taking the name of Abdul Rahman Samiri.[2]
  • The one most popularly told in Muslim circles, as one who witnessed splitting of moon and converted to Islam by Mohammed with the name of Thiya-uj-uddan (Crown of Faith).[2]
  • One who gave sword to Nayar chief at Calicut making him the Samootri of Calicut.[2]
  • King who gave trade rights to Syrian Christian merchants Mar Sabor and Mar Proth.[2]
  • One who gave cap to Ayikkara Yajamanan, symbolising his authority.[2]
  • King who became Saivite saint, visited Siva temples across south India along with Sundarar, then became faithful steward of Siva in Kailasa.[3]
  • Had become Buddhist.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The title has sometimes mistakenly been taken to refer exclusively to some kings of the dynasty, particularly Rama Varma Kulashekhara and Rajashekhara Varman, but Hermann Gundert has observed that the title "Cheraman" is simply the name of the dynasty of Chera. Menon, T. Madhava (trans.), Kerala Pazhama: Gundert's Antiquity of Kerala.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j S.N., Sadasivan (Jan 2000), "Caste Invades Kerala", A Social History of India, APH Publishing, p. 303,304,305, ISBN 817648170X 
  3. ^ Wentworth, Blake (2013-04-24). "Bhakti Demands Biography: Crafting the Life of a Tamil Saint". UC Berkeley. 

Sources[edit]

  • Roman Karur, Dr. Nagaswamy R., (1995), Brahadish Publications, Chennai
  • India's President makes a visit to the mosque, Hindu.com
  • The Land of the Permauls. Cochin, Its Past and Its Present 1863. Chapter 2. Page 44, The Last "Permaul." Dr. Francis Day.