Cherat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cherat
چراٹ
Cherat after the summer monsoon rains
Cherat after the summer monsoon rains
Cherat چراٹ‬ is located in Pakistan
Cherat چراٹ‬
Cherat
چراٹ
Coordinates: 33°29′N 71°32′E / 33.49°N 71.53°E / 33.49; 71.53
Country Pakistan
ProvinceKhyber-Pakhtunkhwa
DistrictNowshera District
Elevation
892 m (2,927 ft)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)

Cherat (Pashto: چراٹ ) is a hill station dating from the 1860s that is located immediately above the villages of Chapri, Saleh Khana and Dak Ismail Khel in the Nowshera District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan. Cherat lies 34 miles south east from the city of Peshawar at an elevation of 4,500 feet on the west of the Khattak range, which divides the district of Nowshera from Kohat District.[1]

History[edit]

During British rule Cherat was important as a hill cantonment and sanitarium for British troops in what was then the Nowshera Tehsil of the Peshawar District of British India.[2]

Cherat was first used as a sanitarium for troops in 1861[2] and was used during the hot weather as a health station for the British troops who were quartered in the hot and malarious valley of Peshawar.[1] It was declared a cantonment in 1886. The cantonment commands a view of the whole of the Peshawar valley on one side, and on the other of a portion of the Khwarra valley in Peshawar District, and of Kohat District as far as the Indus.[2]

A hospital, a church, and a few bungalows were built by the British authorities. The station, which has a good water supply, was throughout the summer the headquarters of the Peshawar Division command, and of one of the two British regiments stationed at Peshawar - a detachment of the other British regiment was also sent here.[2]

There were 376 inhabitants according to the March 1901 Census, but in the hot season the garrison sometimes numbered 1,000 men.[2]

Military[edit]

The fort is used as a base by the Special Service Group and is used for training of the army. As part of joint military events with several nations, Cherat has also hosted an Improving Command Course in 2010.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wikisource "Cherat". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 82.
  2. ^ a b c d e Cherāt - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 193
  3. ^ Azerbaijan hold joint military events with USA, Turkey, Germany and Pakistan Archived February 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.

Coordinates: 33°49′N 71°53′E / 33.817°N 71.883°E / 33.817; 71.883

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cherat". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 82.