Cherepovetsky District

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Cherepovetsky District
Череповецкий район (Russian)
Location of Cherepovetsky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location of Cherepovetsky District in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°11′20″N 37°38′32″E / 59.18889°N 37.64222°E / 59.18889; 37.64222Coordinates: 59°11′20″N 37°38′32″E / 59.18889°N 37.64222°E / 59.18889; 37.64222
Coat of Arms of Cherepovetsky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag of Cherepovetsky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat of arms of Cherepovetsky District
Flag of Cherepovetsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of March 2012)
Administrative center city of Cherepovets[2]
Administrative divisions:[3]
Selsoviets 26
Inhabited localities:[3]
Rural localities 557
Municipal structure (as of May 2013)
Municipally incorporated as Cherepovetsky Municipal District[4]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 15
Statistics
Area 7,640 km2 (2,950 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 41,025 inhabitants[6]
• Urban 0%
• Rural 100%
Density 5.37/km2 (13.9/sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[8]
Established August 1, 1927[9]
Official website
Cherepovetsky District on WikiCommons

Cherepovetsky District (Russian: Черепове́цкий райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[4] district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Belozersky District in the north, Kirillovsky District in the northwest, Sheksninsky District in the east, Poshekhonsky District of Yaroslavl Oblast in the southeast, Breytovsky District of Yaroslavl Oblast in the south, Vesyegonsky District of Tver Oblast in the southwest, Ustyuzhensky District in the west, and with Kaduysky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 7,640 square kilometers (2,950 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the city of Cherepovets[2] (which is not administratively a part of the district).[1] Population: 41,025 (2010 Census);[6] 40,871 (2002 Census);[10] 48,336 (1989 Census).[11]

Geography[edit]

The district is Y-shaped and oriented to the south, with the Rybinsk Reservoir separating the two southern portions of the land. The whole area of the district belongs to the basin of the Volga River. The eastern part belongs to the basin of the Sheksna River and to the basins of minor rivers flowing into the Rybinsk Reservoir. The lower course of the Sheksna crosses the area of the district, and the city of Cherepovets is located in the mouth of the river. The rivers in the western part drain mostly into the Suda and its tributaries, including the Andoga. The lower course of the Suda is also located in the district. The lower course of the Mologa forms the border between Cherepovetsky and Ustyuzhensky Districts. There are many lakes in the southwestern part of the district, the biggest being Lake Kolodenskoye.

Darwin Nature Reserve, the only nature reserve in Vologda Oblast, is located in the coastal areas of the district. The nature reserve is shared with Breytovsky District of Yaroslavl Oblast.

History[edit]

The selo of Voskresenskoye

The Sheksna was always one of the main waterways connecting central Russia with Lake Onega and with the Northern Dvina. In the 13th century, the areas along the Sheksna were controlled by the Principality of Beloozero, and in the 14th century they became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the east of the current area of the district was included into Ustyuzhensky Uyezd of Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1777, the town of Cherepovets was founded as a merger of several villages, and in 1802, it became the seat of Cherepovetsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate (into which the viceroyalty was transformed in 1796).

In June 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Cherepovetsky Uyezd, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate, with the administrative center in Cherepovets. On August 1, 1927, Cherepovets Governorate was abolished, and its area became Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. Simultaneously, the uyezds were abolished, and Cherepovetsky District was established with the administrative center in the city of Cherepovets. On September 23, 1937, Cherepovetsky District was transferred to newly established Vologda Oblast and remained there ever since.[9]

On August 1, 1927, a number of other districts, which later were included into Cherepovetsky District, were also established. Abakanovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Abakanovo[12] was abolished in September 1931. Its territory was split between Cherepovetsky and Kaduysky Districts.[9]

Ulomsky District with the administrative center in the village of Korotovo[13] was abolished on September 20, 1931. Its territory was split between Cherepovetsky and Vesyegonsky Districts of Kalinin Oblast. On November 1, 1940, Ulomsky District was re-established, although it only included the territory which had been a part of Cherepovetsky District. In 1959, it was abolished and merged back into Cherepovetsky District.[9]

Petrinyovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Voskresenskoye[14] was abolished on December 12, 1955. Myaksinsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Spas-Myaksa[15] was abolished on November 12, 1960. Both districts were merged into Cherepovetsky District.[9]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Cherepovetsky District is one of the twenty-six in the oblast.[1] The city of Cherepovets serves as its administrative center,[2] despite being incorporated separately as a city of oblast significance—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1]

As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Cherepovetsky Municipal District.[4] The city of oblast significance of Cherepovets is incorporated separately from the district as Cherepovets Urban Okrug.[16]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

In the district, there are enterprises of timber industry and food industry.[17]

Agriculture[edit]

As of 2009, there were fifty farms (twenty-eight of them being small-scale ones) operating in the district. The district has the largest share of agricultural production of all the districts of Vologda Oblast. The main branches are the production of meat, milk, eggs, vegetables, and linum. In 2009, the district produced 35% of all meat produced in Vologda Oblast.[17]

Transportation[edit]

A114 highway, connecting Vologda to Cherepovets and Saint Petersburg, crosses the district from east to west. Cherepovets is connected by roads with Belozersk, Kaduy, and Poshekhonye. There are also local roads.

A railway connecting Vologda with St. Petersburg crosses the district from east to west and passes through Cherepovets.

The Sheksna is navigable within the district and is a part of the Volga–Baltic Waterway (formerly known as the Mariinsk Canal System), which connects the Rybinsk Reservoir in the basin of the Volga River with Lake Onega in the basin of the Neva.

The Cherepovets Airport is located in the village of Botovo in Cherepovetsky District. The Severstal Air Company has its head office on the airport property.[18]

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains six cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally seventeen objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[19] The federal monuments are the Galsky Estate and the church complex in Nelazskoye, the church complex in Dmitriyevo, and the remains of Lomsk fortress.

The Galsky Estate was restored and is currently an ethnographic museum.[20] Another museum is located in the former Lotaryov Estate in the village of Vladimirovka.[21] The estate belonged to Mikhail Lotaryov, an uncle of Russian poet Igor Severyanin, and Severyanin often spent time in the estate. The museum presents exhibitions on his life and literary activities.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #371-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 19 256», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 19 256, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  3. ^ Resolution #178
  4. ^ a b c d Law #1129-OZ
  5. ^ a b Общие сведения (in Russian). Администрация Череповецкого Района. Archived from the original on November 13, 2010. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. ^ a b c d e Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Абакановский район (авг. 1927 г. – сент. 1931 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  13. ^ Уломский район (август 1927 г. - сентябрь 1931 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved December 15, 2011. 
  14. ^ Петриневский район (авг. 1927 г. - сент. 1937 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved December 15, 2011. 
  15. ^ Мяксинский район (авг. 1927 г. - сент. 1937 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  16. ^ Law #1104-OZ
  17. ^ a b Экономика (in Russian). Администрация Череповецкого Района. Retrieved December 16, 2011. [permanent dead link]
  18. ^ Severstal Air Company. Addresses and phones. Retrieved on June 20, 2012.
  19. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  20. ^ Историко-этнографический музей "Усадьба Гальских" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  21. ^ Литературный музей д. Владимировка (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1129-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Череповецкого муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №3056-ОЗ от 30 мая 2013 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований Череповецкого муниципального района Вологодской области и о внесении изменений в Закон области "Об установлении границ Череповецкого муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1129-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Cherepovetsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #3056-OZ of May 30, 2013 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations in Cherepovetsky Municipal District of Vologda Oblast and on Amending the Law of Vologda Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of Cherepovetsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1104-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ города Череповца и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1104-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the City of Cherepovets and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).