Chorath

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Cherith (Hebrew: נַחַל כְּרִיתNaḥal Kərīṯ) or sometimes Chorath (/ˈkɔːrɑːθ/; from Greek: Χειμάῤῥους Χοῤῥάθ cheimárrhous Chorrháth, lit. "Wadi[1] Chorath"), is the name of a stream or wadi mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The prophet Elijah hid himself on the banks of the Cherith and was fed by ravens during the early part of the three years' drought which he announced to King Ahab (1 Kings 17:3).

Etymology and toponymy[edit]

Cherith comes from the Hebrew root חרת (kh*r*t) meaning to cut off or cut down.[10][11] The name also signifies to engrave or carve, a cutting, separation, gorge, torrent-bed, or winter-stream.[citation needed] Cherith is referred to as a nahal in Hebrew (נחל, naḥal), a seasonal stream known in English as a wadi, from the Arabic term وادي (wādī).[citation needed]

Identification[edit]

Wadi al-Yabis[edit]

It is usually identified with Wadi al-Yabis, a stream in western Jordan, which flows into the Jordan River at a spot opposite of Beit She'an and slightly south of it.[12] Travellers have described it as one of the wildest ravines of the Fertile Crescent, and peculiarly fitted to afford a secure asylum to the persecuted. During summer, the stream is very dry.[13] Olive trees grow on its banks, and it is home to an array of wildlife including gazelle, hyrax, and egret.[14]

According to the 1994 Peace treaty between Israel and Jordan, Israel can maintain its use of the Jordan River waters between the Yarmouk and Wadi al-Yabis.[15][dubious ]

Wadi Kelt[edit]

Alternatively, the stream Cherith has been identified by some with Wadi Kelt at St. George's Monastery.[16] If 1 Kings 17:3 is to be translated "Wadi Cherith, which is east of the Jordan", this identification would be in contradiction to the Bible, since Wadi Qelt is west of it. The King James version states Elijah should "turn eastward" (from Samaria); therefore the brook could be anywhere east of Samaria (Now Sebastia, West Bank). [17]Some translations (i.e. the Orthodox Jewish Bible: [2]) allow such an interpretation, by stating that Cherith is merely "near the Yarden" (Yarden being the Hebrew name of the River Jordan).

Wadi at Phasaelis[edit]

Marino Sanuto the Elder commented in 1321 that the stream extended into Phasaelis, which was named after Prince Phasael, the brother of King Herod.[18][dubious ] This identification would again contradict the more common translation of 1 Kings 17:3 (see above: Wadi Kelt), since Phasaelis has been identified at a spot west, not east of the Jordan.

Other uses of the name[edit]

The name is also a Mizrahi Jewish surname, specifically among Jews of Yemenite extraction. They descend from the tribe of Bnei Chorath which is of Qahtanite origin and was once one of the most important tribes of the city of Najran.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Frederick Fyvie Bruce, The Gospel of John: Introduction, Exposition, Notes, p. 339. Eerdmans, 3rd edition (1994)
  2. ^ "A dictionary of the Bible; comprising its antiquities, biography, geography, and natural history". CHE'RITH, THE BROOK. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Keller, David (2011). Desert Banquet: A Year of Wisdom from the Desert Mothers and Fathers. 
  4. ^ Waheeb, M. (2012). "The Discovery of Elijah’s Hill and John’s Site of the Baptism, East of the Jordan River from the Description of Pilgrims and Travellers". Asian Social Science. 8. Lay summary. 
  5. ^ Fitzgerald, S. "The Origins and Continuity of a Hagiographic Habit". Apostolic Geography. Lay summary. 
  6. ^ "The Life Of John The Elder And The Cave Of Sapsas". St. Luke the Evangelist Greek Orthodox Church. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "The Peraea and the Dead Sea". The Madaba Mosaic Map. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  8. ^ Johnson, Scott Fitzgerald (2016). Literary Territories: Cartographical Thinking in Late Antiquity. 
  9. ^ Pustet, Anton (1901). Studien und Mitteilungen zur Geschichte des Benediktinerordens und seiner Zweige. 
  10. ^ Kerith on Bible Hub, "Word Origin: from karath"
  11. ^ Definition of karath, New American Standard: Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible via Bible Hub
  12. ^ Armstrong, George (1895). Names and places in the Old and New Testament and apocrypha: With their modern identifications. 
  13. ^ Easton, Matthew George (1897). The Bible Dictionary: Your Biblical Reference Book (1st ed.). 
  14. ^ "The Peraea and the Dead Sea". Jordan Beauty. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  15. ^ Shapland, Greg. Rivers of Discord: International Water Disputes in the Middle East (1st ed.). 
  16. ^ "The Life Of John The Elder And The Cave Of Sapsas". St. Luke the Evangelist Greek Orthodox Church. Retrieved 9 July 2016. 
  17. ^ King James Bible; 1 Kings 17:3
  18. ^ Armstrong, George (1895). Names and places in the old and new testament and apocrypha: With their modern identifications. 
  19. ^ Norman A. Stillman, The Jews of Arab lands: A history and source book, p. 117