From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Part of a series on
Flag of Armenia.svg
Armenian culture
Architecture · Art
Cuisine · Dance · Dress
Literature · Music  · History
By country or region
Armenia · Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
See also Nagorno-Karabakh
Armenian diaspora
Russia · France · India
United States · Iran · Georgia
Azerbaijan · Argentina · Brazil
Lebanon · Syria · Ukraine
Poland · Canada · Australia
Turkey · Greece · Cyprus
 · Egypt
Hamshenis · Cherkesogai · Armeno-Tats · Lom people · Hayhurum
Armenian Apostolic · Armenian Catholic
Evangelical · Brotherhood ·
Languages and dialects
Armenian: Eastern · Western
Genocide · Hamidian massacres
Adana massacre · Anti-Armenianism
Bandeau Arménie.png
Armenia Portal

Cherkesogai (Russian: Черкесогаи) or Circassian Armenians (Armenian: չերքեզահայեր[1] cherk'ezahayer; Russian: черкесские армяне; Kabardian/Adyghe: Адыгэ-ермэлы) sometimes referred to as Ermeli (Kabardian/Adyghe: ермэлы), Mountainous Armenians (Russian: горские армяне), Kuban Armenians (Russian: закубанские армяне)[2] are ethnic Armenians who inhabit Russia's Krasnodar Krai and Republic of Adyghea since the end of 15th century that spoke the Adyghe language (currently, most of them speak Russian as their first language), apart from other Armenians living in the region. They reside mostly in the cities of Armavir and Maykop. Total number of Cherkosogai Armenians is about 50 thousand people (2008 estimation)[citation needed]. According to Russian 2002 Census 230 Armenians speak Adyghe language and 222 speak Kabardian language as native.[3]


Since the early medieval characteristic form of settlement of the Armenian ethnic group becomes the diaspora. Over time, North Caucasus and Transcaucasus becomes an important and sometimes compact center of Armenian settlement. The impetus for the emigration of Armenians from their historical homeland. It was believed that the majority of Armenians emigrated to the Kuban in the 15th century from Crimea and where finally formed a vassal of Turkish Crimean Khanate and living conditions prevailing there other Christians have deteriorated sharply.

According to some sources, 1475, when the Turks finally seized control up to the Genoese of the Catholic and Orthodox Principality of Theodoro and began to exterminate the civilian population, Armenians began to move actively to the Ukraine, Moldova and Poland. Some Armenians found refuge among the Circassians and Abkhazians. Armenians settlers, having lived in the mountains for 300 years, picked up the language, manners, customs, particularly of life, the entire way of life of Circassians, among whom they settled, but have retained their ethnic identity and Christian faith – the Armenian Apostolic Church. As a result of the interpenetration of the two cultures formed a completely new ethnic group of Cherkosogai.


See also[edit]