Chernushka, Chernushinsky District, Perm Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Chernushka.
Chernushka (English)
Чернушка (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Улица Мира в городе Чернушка.jpg
Mira Street in Chernushka
Map of Russia - Perm Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Perm Krai in Russia
Chernushka is located in Perm Krai
Chernushka
Chernushka
Location of Chernushka in Perm Krai
Coordinates: 56°31′N 56°06′E / 56.517°N 56.100°E / 56.517; 56.100Coordinates: 56°31′N 56°06′E / 56.517°N 56.100°E / 56.517; 56.100
Coat of Arms of Chernyshka (Perm krai).jpg
Flag of Chernushka (Perm krai).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai[1]
Administrative district Chernushinsky District[1]
Administrative center of Chernushinsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of March 2013)
Municipal district Chernushinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Chernushinskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Chernushinsky Municipal District,[2] Chernushinskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 33,272 inhabitants[3]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[4]
Founded 1854[citation needed]
Town status since 1966[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 617830–617834, 617839
Official website
Chernushka on WikiCommons

Chernushka (Russian: Черну́шка) is a town and the administrative center of Chernushinsky District in Perm Krai, Russia, located on the Bystry Tanyp River, which is 230 kilometers (140 mi) south of Perm, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 33,272 (2010 Census);[3] 35,713 (2002 Census);[6] 34,835 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

It was first mentioned in 1858 as a village with four households that had existed since 1854.[citation needed] In 1869, the number of households increased to thirty-five.

The construction of the Kazan–Yekaterinburg railway during 1913–1920 played an important role in the development of the village. A settlement for the railway builders, which shared the same name, was established near the village. During the Civil War, the area of what is now Chernushinsky District saw heavy fighting along the railway and in the settlement itself.

In 1925, the administrative center of the district was transferred from Ryabki to Chernushka because Ryabky was too far from the railway. Consequently, the district itself was renamed Chernushinsky. However, the district's administration did not move to Chernushka until 1930.

The following years saw an increase of industrial construction. After World War II, Chernushka was granted work settlement status. The discovery of oil boosted Chernushka's development, as several oil plants were built in 1958. In 1966, Chernushka was granted town status.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Chernushka serves as the administrative center of Chernushinsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Chernushka, together with the settlement of Azinsky, is incorporated within Chernushinsky Municipal District as Chernushinskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

The town's economy is based on oil extraction and refining industry, the production of construction materials, and the food industry. It is a major transportation hub in southern Perm Krai.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #1882-409
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №470-ПК от 5 мая 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области, Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа и Пермского края». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #470-PK of May 5, 2015 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast, Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug, and Perm Krai. Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №1882-409 от 9 декабря 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Чернушинского района Пермского края», в ред. Закона №175-ПК от 7 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области, Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Пермского края». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №283, 22 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #1882-409 of December 9, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Chernushinsky District of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #175-PK of March 7, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast, Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug on Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Perm Krai. Effective as of the day which is ten days following the day of the official publication.).