Cherokee County, Alabama
|Cherokee County, Alabama|
Cherokee County Courthouse in Centre
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 9, 1836|
|Named for||Cherokee Nation|
|• Total||600 sq mi (1,554 km2)|
|• Land||554 sq mi (1,435 km2)|
|• Water||46 sq mi (119 km2), 7.7%|
|• Density||47/sq mi (18/km²)|
|Congressional districts||3rd, 4th|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Cherokee County, Alabama is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 25,989. Its county seat is Centre, and it is a prohibition or dry county. The county is named for the Cherokee tribe.
The area included in today's Cherokee County for centuries had belonged to the Cherokee Nation of Native Americans. On December 29, 1835, however, Cherokee leaders signed the controversial Treaty of New Echota, agreeing to surrender their lands in return for new lands west of the Mississippi River. This treaty contributed to the apparent theft of land from the Native Americans by the U.S. government. To this day, there are few Native Americans in Cherokee County.
On January 9, 1836, the Alabama legislature created Cherokee County with its present boundaries. Two years later, the United States government removed by force all Cherokees who had refused to leave on what would become known as the Trail of Tears.
Cherokee County was in the news again on Palm Sunday, March 27, 1994, when it was hit by a Force 4 tornado. Goshen United Methodist Church was destroyed only twelve minutes after the National Weather Service at Birmingham had issued a warning for northern Calhoun, southeastern Etowah, and southern Cherokee counties.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 600 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 554 square miles (1,430 km2) (or 92.19%) is land and 46 square miles (120 km2) (7.7%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Alabama by land area.
- U.S. Highway 278
- U.S. Highway 411
- State Route 9
- State Route 35
- State Route 68
- State Route 273
- State Route 283
- DeKalb County - north
- Chattooga County, Georgia - northeast
- Floyd County, Georgia - east
- Polk County, Georgia - southeast
- Cleburne County - south
- Calhoun County - south
- Etowah County - west
National protected areas
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 25,989 people, 10,626 households, and 7,493 families residing in the county. The population density was 47 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 16,267 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.7% White, 4.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 1.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 10,626 households out of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.9 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,690, and the median income for a family was $47,365. Males had a median income of $40,050 versus $27,352 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,322. About 13.7% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2000, there were 23,988 people, 9,719 households, and 7,201 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 14,025 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.83% White, 5.54% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. 0.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 9,719 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.90% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,874, and the median income for a family was $36,920. Males had a median income of $29,978 versus $20,958 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,543. About 11.80% of families and 15.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 14.90% of those age 65 or over.
- Cedar Bluff
- Collinsville (partly in DeKalb County)
- Sand Rock (partly in DeKalb County)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Cherokee County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Cherokee County, Alabama
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Cherokee County, Ala.". Calhoun Times. September 1, 2004. p. 39. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Cherokee County Chamber of Commerce
- Cherokee County Historical Society
- Cherokee County Historical Museum
||DeKalb County||Chattooga County, Georgia|
|Etowah County||Floyd County, Georgia|
|Cleburne County and Calhoun County||Polk County, Georgia|