Cherry tomato

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cherry tomato
Tomates cerises Luc Viatour.jpg
Scientific classification
Trinomial name
Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
(Dunal) D.M.Spooner, G.J.Anderson & R.K.Jansen[1]

Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme

Yellow cherry tomatoes

The cherry tomato is a type of small round tomato believed to be an intermediate genetic admixture between wild currant-type tomatoes and domesticated garden tomatoes.[2] Cherry tomatoes range in size from a thumbtip up to the size of a golf ball, and can range from spherical to slightly oblong in shape. Although usually red, other colours such as yellow, green, and black also exist.[3] Those shaped like an oblong share characteristics with plum tomatoes and are known as grape tomatoes. The cherry tomato is regarded as a botanical variety of the cultivated berry, Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme.[4]


The cherry tomato is believed to be the direct ancestor of modern cultivated tomatoes and is the only wild tomato found outside South America.[5] The tomato is thought to have been first domesticated in the Puebla-Veracruz area of Mexico and to have reached this area from South America in the form of a weedy cherry tomato.[5]

The first direct reference to the cherry tomato appears in 1623, in a work called Pinax theatri botanici (English: Illustrated exposition of plants) by Swiss botanist Caspar Bauhin, which contains descriptions and classifications of approximately six thousand species. In a section on "Solanum" (nightshades), Bauhin wrote of a variety called Solanum racemosum cerasoru[m] forma, which translates to "Solanum [that is] full of clusters [racemosum], in the form (shape) of cherries".[6]

Cherry tomatoes have been popular in the United States since at least 1919.[7] Recipes using cherry tomatoes can be found in articles dating back to 1967.[8]


The Tomaccio tomato was developed by Nahum Kedar and Chaim Rabinovitch of the Agriculture Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on its Rehovot Campus. It is the result of a 12-year breeding program using wild Peruvian tomato species to create a sweet snack tomato with improved ripening time and shelf life.[9][10]

The Super Sweet 100 is a hybrid cultivar popular in the United States and resistant to both Fusarium and Verticillium wilt.

The Selke Biodynamic cherry tomato is named after Margrit Selke.[11]

The indeterminate hybrid sungold cherry tomato is known for its vigorous early-yielding plants and colorful orange fruits.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Garden Tomato Synonyms (Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme as Classified by NCBI Taxonomy) - Encyclopedia of Life". 2014-07-29. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
  2. ^ Nesbitt, TC; Tanksley, SD (2002). "Comparative sequencing in the genus Lycopersicon. Implications for the evolution of fruit size in the domestication of cultivated tomatoes". Genetics. 162 (1): 365–79. PMC 1462239. PMID 12242247.
  3. ^ "BBC - Food - Cherry tomatoes recipes". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  4. ^ "Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme,". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  5. ^ a b Kiple, Kenneth F., ed. (2000). The Cambridge World History of Food. 1. p. 352. ISBN 9780521402149.
  6. ^ Wexler, Anna (2016). "Seeding Controversy: Did Israel Invent the Cherry Tomato?" (PDF). Gastronomica. 16 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1525/gfc.2016.16.2.1.
  7. ^ "The Saskatoon Phoenix - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  8. ^ "The Milwaukee Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  9. ^ "Tomato 'Tomaccio'". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Tomaccio Sweet Raisin Tomatoes". Archived from the original on 2014-10-01. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
  11. ^ "McKean County Biodynamics featuring Master Gardener L. A. Rotheraine". Retrieved 2014-08-22.

External links[edit]

Media related to Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme at Wikimedia Commons