Cherry tomato

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Cherry tomato
Tomates cerises Luc Viatour.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
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Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
Variety:
cerasiforme
Trinomial name
Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
(Dunal) D.M.Spooner, G.J.Anderson & R.K.Jansen[1]
Synonyms

Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme

The cherry tomato is a type of small round tomato believed to be an intermediate genetic admixture between wild currant-type tomatoes and domesticated garden tomatoes.[2] Cherry tomatoes range in size from a thumbtip up to the size of a golf ball, and can range from spherical to slightly oblong in shape. Although usually red, other varieties such as yellow, green, and black also exist.[3] Those shaped like an oblong share characteristics with plum tomatoes and are known as grape tomatoes. The cherry tomato is regarded as a botanical variety of the cultivated berry, Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme.[4]

History[edit]

Cherry tomatoes

The cherry tomato is believed to be the direct ancestor of modern cultivated tomatoes and is the only wild tomato found outside South America.[5] The tomato is thought to have been first domesticated in the Puebla-Veracruz area of Mexico and to have reached this area from South America in the form of a weedy cherry tomato.[5]

The first direct reference to the cherry tomato has to appear in 1623, in a work called Pinax theatri botanici (“Illustrated exposition of plants”) by Swiss botanist Caspar Bauhin, which contains descriptions and classifications of approximately six thousand species. In a section on "Solanum" (nightshades), Bauhin wrote of a variety called “Solanum racemosum cerasoru[m] forma,” which translates to "Solanum [that is] full of clusters [racemosum], in the form (shape) of cherries".[6]

Cherry tomatoes have been popular in the United States since at least 1919.[7] Recipes using cherry tomatoes can be found in articles dating back to 1967.[8]

Cultivars[edit]

The Tomaccio tomato was developed by Nahum Kedar and Chaim Rabinovitch of the Agriculture Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on its Rehovot Campus. It is the result of a 12-year breeding program using wild Peruvian tomato species to create a sweet snack tomato with improved ripening time and shelf life.[9][10]

The Super Sweet 100 is a hybrid cultivar popular in the United States resistant to both Fusarium and Verticillium wilt.

The Selke Biodynamic cherry tomato is named after Margrit Selke.[11]

The indeterminate hybrid sungold cherry tomato is known for its vigorous early-yielding plants and colorful orange fruits.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Garden Tomato Synonyms (Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme as Classified by NCBI Taxonomy) - Encyclopedia of Life". Eol.org. 2014-07-29. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
  2. ^ Nesbitt, TC; Tanksley, SD. "Comparative sequencing in the genus Lycopersicon. Implications for the evolution of fruit size in the domestication of cultivated tomatoes". Genetics. 162: 365–79. PMC 1462239. PMID 12242247.
  3. ^ "BBC - Food - Cherry tomatoes recipes". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  4. ^ "Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme, nomen.at". Nomen.at. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  5. ^ a b Kiple, Kenneth F., ed. (2000). The Cambridge World History of Food. 1. p. 352.
  6. ^ Wexler, Anna (2016). "Seeding Controversy: Did Israel Invent the Cherry Tomato?" (PDF). Gastronomica. 16 (1). doi:10.1525/gfc.2016.16.2.1.
  7. ^ "The Saskatoon Phoenix - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  8. ^ "The Milwaukee Journal - Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  9. ^ "Tomato 'Tomaccio'". Raker.com. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Tomaccio Sweet Raisin Tomatoes". Tomaccio.com. Archived from the original on 2014-10-01. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
  11. ^ "McKean County Biodynamics featuring Master Gardener L. A. Rotheraine". Rotheraine.com. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
  12. ^ "Sun Gold - (F1) Tomato Seed | Johnny's Selected Seeds". Johnnyseeds.com. Retrieved 2018-08-27.

External links[edit]

Media related to Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme at Wikimedia Commons