Chersky Range

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chersky Range
Гора Победа, Якутия.jpg
View of Pobeda (Victory) Peak, highest point of the range.
Highest point
PeakPobeda
Elevation3,003 metres (9,852 ft)
Coordinates64°44′N 142°58′E / 64.733°N 142.967°E / 64.733; 142.967Coordinates: 64°44′N 142°58′E / 64.733°N 142.967°E / 64.733; 142.967
Dimensions
Length1,500 km (930 mi) NW/SE
Width400 km (250 mi) NE/SW
Geography
Location Chersky Range.PNG
Country Russia
Republic / OblastSakha and Magadan
Parent rangeEast Siberian System
Geology
Age of rockPrecambrian, Permian, Triassic and Jurassic
Type of rockSchist, sandstone, siltstone and Granite intrusive rocks

The Chersky Range (Russian: Хребет Черского, Yakut: Черскэй хайалара) is a chain of mountains in northeastern Siberia between the Yana River and the Indigirka River. Administratively the area of the range belongs to the Sakha Republic, although a small section in the east is within Magadan Oblast. The highest peak in the range is 3,003 metres (9,852 ft) tall Peak Pobeda, part of the Ulakhan-Chistay Range. The range also includes important places of traditional Yakut culture, such as Ynnakh Mountain (Mat'-Gora) and kigilyakh rock formations.[1]

The Moma Natural Park is a protected area located in the southern zone of the range.[2]

History[edit]

At some time between 1633 and 1642 Poznik Ivanov ascended a tributary of the lower Lena, crossed the Verkhoyansk Range to the upper Yana and then crossed the Chersky Range to the Indigirka.[3] The range was sighted in 1926 by Sergei Obruchev (Vladimir Obruchev's son) and named by the Russian Geographical Society after the Polish explorer and geographer Ivan Chersky (or Jan Czerski).[4]

Geography[edit]

Kyundyulyun, the northernmost spur of the Chersky Range on the right bank of the Yana near Ust-Kuyga.
A lake in the Ulakhan-Chistay Range.

The geographic boundaries of the mountain system are the Yana—Oymyakon Highlands in the southwest, the Upper Kolyma Highlands in the southeast and the Momo-Selennyakh Depression in the northeast.[5]

Subranges[edit]

The system of the Chersky Range comprises a number of subranges running generally from northwest to southeast, including the following:

Between the Yana and Indigirka rivers:

In the upper Kolyma river basin:

Between the Chibagalakh and Adycha rivers

Between the Indigirka and the Nera rivers:

  • Tas-Kystabyt, highest point 2,341 metres (7,680 ft)
  • Khalkansky Range, highest point 1,615 metres (5,299 ft), a southern prolongation of Tas-Kystabyt

Northeastern outliers

In some works, a few roughly parallel ranges located off the main system to the northeast, such as the Kyun-Tas Range (highest point 1,242 metres (4,075 ft)), the Selennyakh Range (highest point highest point Saltag-Tas (2,021 metres (6,631 ft)), and the adjacent Moma Range (highest point 2,533 metres (8,310 ft)) with the Moma-Selennyakh Depession running along their western side, are included in the Chersky mountain system.[8]

Other ranges of the system include the Irgichin Range, Inyalin Range, Volchan Range, Silen Range, Onel Range, Polyarny Range and Nendelgin Range, among others.[9]

Hydrography[edit]

The Chersky System includes three main river basins:

Some of the higher ranges with alpine relief have glaciers. There are roughly 350 glaciers in the system with a total area of 156.2 km2 (60.3 sq mi).[10] There are also small lakes in the swampy valleys of some rivers, as well as lakes of glacial origin, such as Emanda and Tabanda

Tectonics[edit]

The range lies on the boundary between the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates.[11]

The precise nature of the boundary between the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates in the area of the Chersky Range is still not fully understood and is the subject of ongoing research. By the 1980s, the Chersky Range was considered mostly a zone of continental rifting where the crust was spreading apart.[12] However, the current view is that the Chersky Range is mostly an active suture zone, a continental convergent plate boundary, where compression is occurring as the two plates press against each other.[13] There is thought to be a point in the Chersky Range where the extensional forces coming from the north change to the compressional forces noted throughout most of the range. The Chersky Range is also thought to include a geologic triple junction where the Ulakhan Fault intersects the suture zone. Whatever the exact nature of the regional tectonics, the Chersky Range is a seismically active zone. It connects in the north with the landward extension of the Laptev Sea Rift, itself a continental extension of the Mid-Arctic Gakkel Ridge.

Climate[edit]

The Chersky mountains, along with the neighboring Verkhoyansk Range, have a moderating effect on the climate of Siberia. The ridges obstruct west-moving air flows, decreasing the amount of snowfall in the plains to the west.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Кисиляхи
  2. ^ "Moma Natural Park Official site". Archived from the original on 2019-09-29. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  3. ^ G. Patrick March,'Eastern Destiny:Russia in Asia and the North Pacific, 1996, chapter 3
  4. ^ Obruchev, S. (1927). "Discovery of a Great Range in North-East Siberia". The Geographical Journal. 70 (5): 464–470. doi:10.2307/1783479. JSTOR 1783479.
  5. ^ Хребет Черского (in Russian)
  6. ^ БЕЗЫМЯННАЯ ВЕРШИНА НА ХРЕБТЕ ОХАНДЯ СТАЛА САМОЙ ВЫСОКОЙ ТОЧКОЙ МАГАДАНСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ
  7. ^ Массив Чен
  8. ^ Chersky Range // Great Russian Encyclopedia  : [in 35 vols.] / Ch. ed. Yu.S. Osipov . - M , 2004—2017.
  9. ^ Oleg Leonidovič Kryžanovskij, A Checklist of the Ground-beetles of Russia and Adjacent Lands. p. 15
  10. ^ Черского хребет (в Якутской АССР и Магаданской обл.), Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  11. ^ News Archive - The Earth Institute at Columbia University
  12. ^ "Geodynamics and Late Cenozoic Evolution of the Asia/Pacific Transitional Zone", in Tectonics, International Geological Congress Staff, 27th International Geological Congress, Published 1984 by VSP
  13. ^ The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia, ed. Maria Shahgedanova, published by Oxford University Press 2003

External links[edit]