|Elevation||3,003 metres (9,852 ft)|
|Length||1,500 km (930 mi) NW/SE|
|Width||400 km (250 mi) NE/SW|
|Republic / Oblast||Sakha and Magadan|
|Parent range||East Siberian System|
|Age of rock||Precambrian, Permian, Triassic and Jurassic|
|Type of rock||Schist, sandstone, siltstone and Granite intrusive rocks|
The Chersky Range (Russian: Хребет Черского, Yakut: Черскэй хайалара) is a chain of mountains in northeastern Siberia between the Yana River and the Indigirka River. Administratively the area of the range belongs to the Sakha Republic, although a small section in the east is within Magadan Oblast. The highest peak in the range is 3,003 metres (9,852 ft) tall Peak Pobeda, part of the Ulakhan-Chistay Range. The range also includes important places of traditional Yakut culture, such as Ynnakh Mountain (Mat'-Gora) and kigilyakh rock formations.
At some time between 1633 and 1642 Poznik Ivanov ascended a tributary of the lower Lena, crossed the Verkhoyansk Range to the upper Yana and then crossed the Chersky Range to the Indigirka. The range was sighted in 1926 by Sergei Obruchev (Vladimir Obruchev's son) and named by the Russian Geographical Society after the Polish explorer and geographer Ivan Chersky (or Jan Czerski).
The system of the Chersky Range comprises a number of subranges running generally from northwest to southeast, including the following:
Between the Yana and Indigirka rivers:
- Burkat Range, highest point 1,150 metres (3,770 ft)
- Khadaranya Range, highest point 2,185 metres (7,169 ft)
- Ymiysky Range, highest point 1,048 metres (3,438 ft)
- Kisilyakh Range, highest point 1,548 metres (5,079 ft), by the confluence of the Adycha and the Yana
- Tas-Khayakhtakh, highest point 2,356 metres (7,730 ft)
- Kurundya Range, highest point 1,919 metres (6,296 ft)
- Dogdo Range, highest point 2,272 metres (7,454 ft)
- Chemalgin Range, highest point 2,547 metres (8,356 ft)
- Yana-Oymyakon Highlands
In the upper Kolyma river basin:
- Ulakhan-Chistay, highest point 3,003 metres (9,852 ft), near the southern end
- Okhandya Range, highest point 2,337 metres (7,667 ft), the highest point of Magadan Oblast.
- Cherge Range, highest point 2,332 metres (7,651 ft)
- Angachak Range, highest point 2,293 metres (7,523 ft)
- Arga-Tas, highest point 2,400 metres (7,900 ft)
- Chibagalakh Range, highest point 2,449 metres (8,035 ft)
- Onyol Range (Онёлский хребет), highest point 2,328 metres (7,638 ft)
- Borong Range, highest point 2,681 metres (8,796 ft) (west of the Charky)
- Nendelgin Range, highest point 1,777 metres (5,830 ft) (east of the Adycha)
- Porozhny Range, highest point 2,551 metres (8,369 ft)
- Silyap Range, highest point Mount Chyon (Гора Чён) 2,690 metres (8,830 ft)
Between the Indigirka and the Nera rivers:
- Tas-Kystabyt, highest point 2,341 metres (7,680 ft)
- Khalkan Range, highest point 1,615 metres (5,299 ft), a southern prolongation of Tas-Kystabyt
In some works, a few roughly parallel ranges located off the main system to the northeast, such as the Kyun-Tas Range (highest point 1,242 metres (4,075 ft)), the Selennyakh Range (highest point highest point Saltag-Tas (2,021 metres (6,631 ft)), and the adjacent Moma Range (highest point 2,533 metres (8,310 ft)) with the Moma-Selennyakh Depression running along their western side, are included in the Chersky mountain system.
The Chersky System includes three main river basins:
- Yana River - covering the western and northwestern parts of the mountain system. It includes rivers Oldzho and Adycha with its tributaries Tuostakh and Charky.
- Indigirka River, covering the northeastern, central and southwestern parts of the system, with rivers Selennyakh, Moma and Nera among others.
- Kolyma River, covering the eastern, southeastern and southern parts of the system, with rivers Zyryanka, Rassokha, Omulyovka, Yasachnaya, Taskan, Debin and Byoryolyokh, among others.
Some of the higher ranges with alpine relief have glaciers. There are roughly 350 glaciers in the system with a total area of 156.2 km2 (60.3 sq mi). There are also small lakes in the swampy valleys of some rivers, as well as lakes of glacial origin, such as Emanda and Tabanda
The precise nature of the boundary between the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates in the area of the Chersky Range is still not fully understood and is the subject of ongoing research. By the 1980s, the Chersky Range was considered mostly a zone of continental rifting where the crust was spreading apart. However, the current view is that the Chersky Range is mostly an active suture zone, a continental convergent plate boundary, where compression is occurring as the two plates press against each other. There is thought to be a point in the Chersky Range where the extensional forces coming from the north change to the compressional forces noted throughout most of the range. The Chersky Range is also thought to include a geologic triple junction where the Ulakhan Fault intersects the suture zone. Whatever the exact nature of the regional tectonics, the Chersky Range is a seismically active zone. It connects in the north with the landward extension of the Laptev Sea Rift, itself a continental extension of the Mid-Arctic Gakkel Ridge.
The Chersky mountains, along with the neighboring Verkhoyansk Range, have a moderating effect on the climate of Siberia. The ridges obstruct west-moving air flows, decreasing the amount of snowfall in the plains to the west.
- "Moma Natural Park Official site". Archived from the original on 2019-09-29. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
- G. Patrick March,'Eastern Destiny:Russia in Asia and the North Pacific, 1996, chapter 3
- Obruchev, S. (1927). "Discovery of a Great Range in North-East Siberia". The Geographical Journal. 70 (5): 464–470. doi:10.2307/1783479. JSTOR 1783479.
- Хребет Черского (in Russian)
- БЕЗЫМЯННАЯ ВЕРШИНА НА ХРЕБТЕ ОХАНДЯ СТАЛА САМОЙ ВЫСОКОЙ ТОЧКОЙ МАГАДАНСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ
- "Q-53_54 Chart (in Russian)". Retrieved 12 May 2023.
- Массив Чен
- Chersky Range // Great Russian Encyclopedia : [in 35 vols.] / Ch. ed. Yu.S. Osipov . - M , 2004—2017.
- Oleg Leonidovič Kryžanovskij, A Checklist of the Ground-beetles of Russia and Adjacent Lands. p. 15
- Черского хребет (в Якутской АССР и Магаданской обл.), Great Soviet Encyclopedia
- News Archive – The Earth Institute at Columbia University
- "Geodynamics and Late Cenozoic Evolution of the Asia/Pacific Transitional Zone", in Tectonics, International Geological Congress Staff, 27th International Geological Congress, Published 1984 by VSP
- The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia, ed. Maria Shahgedanova, published by Oxford University Press 2003
- Media related to Chersky Range at Wikimedia Commons
- Oymyakon Ring Structure in the North-Eastern Siberia
- ХРЕБТ ЧЕРСКОГО (ЦЕПЬ ОБРУЧЕВА)