Chervyen’

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Chervyen
Чэрвень / Червень
St. Nicholas' Church
St. Nicholas' Church
Flag of Chervyen
Flag
Official seal of Chervyen
Seal
Chervyen is located in Belarus
Chervyen
Chervyen
Location of Chervyen in Belarus
Coordinates: 53°42′28″N 28°25′56″E / 53.70778°N 28.43222°E / 53.70778; 28.43222Coordinates: 53°42′28″N 28°25′56″E / 53.70778°N 28.43222°E / 53.70778; 28.43222
Country  Belarus
Voblast Minsk
Raion Chervyen
Founded 1387
Elevation 160 m (520 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 9,718
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 223232
Area code(s) +375 1714
License plate 5
Website Official website
Town's central park

Červień or Chervyen’ (Belarusian: Чэрвень, [ˈtʂɛrvʲenʲ]; Ігумен – Igumen till 1923; Russian: Червень; Polish: Czerwień; Yiddish: Humen‎), alo spelled Cherven, is a Belarusian town in Minsk Voblast. It is the administrative seat of the Chervyen Raion and, in 2016, had a population of 9,718.[1]

History[edit]

On February 1, 1942 the German forces and local policemen surrounded the Cherven ghetto. At the same time, other Jews living outside the ghetto walls, such as in the local hospital, were gathered together. They were ordered to undress to their undergarments and lie on the ground, where they were shot dead. Witnesses put the number of victims at between 1,500-1,750 people. The murder operation was carried out by the Einsatzkommando 8 unit of Einsatzgruppe B, with the help of local policeman.[2]

On 26 June 1941, the Soviet NKVD mass-executed prisoners from Minsk[3] in the nearby Tsagelnya forest. Wooden statue Mourning Ange, by sculptor Gennady Matusevich, was erected at the location.[4] Commemorative events are held there every year in June.[5][6][7]

Geography[edit]

Located 66 km east of Minsk and 45 km west of Berezino, Chervyen lies on a plain in the middle of its raion. It is crossed to the north by the M4 highway Minsk-Mogilev. The national road P59 links it with the town of Smalyavichy (50 km north) and the Minsk National Airport (65 km north).[8]

Personalities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Old buildings 
High school 
Holy Cross Church 

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Lipińska G., Jeśli zapomnę o nich..., 1990
  • Stankiewicz-Januszczak, J., Marsz śmierci – ewakuacja więźniów z Mińska do Czerwieni 24–27 czerwca 1941 r., Volumen (1999) (Polish)
  • Stankiewicz-Januszczak J., Dziś mówię ludziom, co mówiłam Bogu..., ISBN 83-914184-9-9 (Polish)
  • Petruitis J., Kaip jie mus sušaudė, Kaunas, 1942, 1990 (Lith.)
  • Tumas J. Kelias į Červenę, Vilnius, 1990 (Lith.)

External links[edit]