Чэрвень / Червень
St. Nicholas' Church
|Elevation||160 m (520 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+375 1714|
Červień or Chervyen (Belarusian: Чэрвень, [ˈtʂɛrvʲenʲ]; Ігумен – Igumen till 1923; Russian: Червень Cherven; Polish: Czerwień; Yiddish: Humen, Lithuanian: Červenė), also spelled Cherven, is a Belarusian town in Minsk Voblast. It is the administrative seat of the Chervyen Raion and, in 2016, had a population of 9,718.
On February 1, 1942 the German forces and local policemen surrounded the Cherven ghetto. At the same time, other Jews living outside the ghetto walls, such as in the local hospital, were gathered together. They were ordered to undress to their undergarments and lie on the ground, where they were shot dead. Witnesses put the number of victims at between 1,500-1,750 people. The murder operation was carried out by the Einsatzkommando 8 unit of Einsatzgruppe B, with the help of local policeman.
On 25–27 June 1941, the Soviet NKVD carried out a mass execution of political prisoners from Minsk in the nearby Tsagelnya forest. Wooden statue Mourning Angel, by sculptor Gennady Matusevich, was erected at the location. Commemorative events are held there every year in June.
Located 66 km east of Minsk and 45 km west of Berezino, Chervyen lies on a plain in the middle of its raion. It is crossed to the north by the M4 highway Minsk-Mogilev. The national road P59 links it with the town of Smalyavichy (50 km north) and the Minsk National Airport (65 km north).
- Oleg Novitskiy (b. 1971), Russian cosmonaut
- Valery Shary (b. 1947), Olympic light-heavyweight weightlifting champion
- ‹See Tfd›(in Russian) 2016 census of Belarus (Belstat)
- Info at the Yad Vashem website
-  Archived June 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Як адзін мастак беларусізаваў цэлы горад – Наша Ніва: першая беларуская газета". Nn.by. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- Info on charter97.com Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
- Info on belarus.net
- Info on svoboda.org
- 6722634 Chervyen on OpenStreetMap
- Lipińska G., Jeśli zapomnę o nich..., 1990
- Stankiewicz-Januszczak, J., Marsz śmierci – ewakuacja więźniów z Mińska do Czerwieni 24–27 czerwca 1941 r., Volumen (1999) (Polish)
- Stankiewicz-Januszczak J., Dziś mówię ludziom, co mówiłam Bogu..., ISBN 83-914184-9-9 (Polish)
- Petruitis J., Kaip jie mus sušaudė, Kaunas, 1942, 1990 (Lith.)
- Tumas J. Kelias į Červenę, Vilnius, 1990 (Lith.)
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