Cherwell shown within Oxfordshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district council|
|• Body||Cherwell District Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)|
|• Total||227.3 sq mi (588.8 km2)|
|Area rank||74th (of 326)|
|Population (mid-2014 est.)|
|• Rank||136th (of 326)|
|• Density||640/sq mi (250/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||94.5% White
1.4% Mixed Race
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|ONS code||38UB (ONS)
|OS grid reference|
Cherwell (usually // CHUR-well, but // CHAR-well in Oxford) is a local government district in northern Oxfordshire, England. The district takes its name from the River Cherwell, which drains south through the region to flow into the River Thames at Oxford.
The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the municipal borough of Banbury, Bicester urban district, Banbury Rural District and Ploughley Rural District.
The Northern half of the Cherwell district consists mainly of soft rolling hills vallying down towards to River Cherwell, however the southern half of the district around Bicester is much flatter. Much of the district is soft rolling hills with the northwest of the district lying at the northern extremity of the Cotswolds.
Settlements in Cherwell district
- Adderbury, Ambrosden, Ardley, Arncott
- Banbury, Barford St. John, Barford St. Michael, Begbroke, Bicester
- Bletchingdon, Bloxham, Bodicote
- Bucknell, Burdrop
- Charlton-on-Otmoor, Claydon, Cropredy
- Deddington, Drayton, Duns Tew
- Fencott, Finmere, Fringford, Fritwell
- Godington, Gosford, Great Bourton
- Hampton Poyle, Hanwell, Hardwick, Hethe
- Hook Norton, Horley
- Kidlington, Kirtlington
- Launton, Little Bourton, Lower Heyford
- Merton, Middle Aston, Middleton Stoney
- Milcombe, Milton, Mixbury, Mollington, Murcott
- Noke, North Aston, North Newington
- Shenington, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Shutford
- Sibford Ferris, Sibford Gower, Somerton
- Souldern, South Newington, Steeple Aston, Stoke Lyne, Swalcliffe
- Tadmarton, Thrupp
- Upper Heyford
- Wardington, Water Eaton, Weston-on-the-Green, Wroxton
Recycling in Cherwell
Cherwell district has one of the country's highest recycling rates at over 40% (2005). The district used to have a recycling rate of just 9%. This changed with the introduction of the blue box scheme for recycling paper, which has since grown to include plastic, cardboard and cans. Kidlington has its own freecycling group.
Food safety enforcement
- BBC Oxford How do you pronounce Cherwell?
- Ann Spokes Symonds; Nigel Morgan (2010). The Origins of Oxford Street Names. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-899536-99-3.
- How does your council score on enforcing food safety?