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Cherykaw (Belarusian: Чэрыкаў; Russian: Чериков) is a town in Mogilev Region, Eastern Belarus. It is located in the east of the Region, on the Sozh River, and serves as the administrative center of Cherykaw Raion. As of 2009, its population was 8,177.
Cherykaw was first mentioned in 1460. At the time, it was a part of Kingdom of Poland, and Casimir IV Jagiellon, the king, ordered to have an Orthodox church to be built in Cherykaw. In 1604, Cherykaw was granted the town status, and in 1641, it was granted a coat of arms. In 1772, as a result of the First Partition of Poland, it was transferred to Russia. In the 19th century it belonged to Mogilev Governorate. In 1919, Mogilev Governorate was abolished, and Cherykaw was transferred to Gomel Governorate. On July 17, 1924 the governorate was abolished, and Cherykaw became the administrative center of Cherykaw Raion, which belonged to Kalinin Okrug of Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. In July, 1927, Kalinin Okrug was abolished, and Cherykaw was transferred into Mogilev Okrug. On January 15, 1938 the raion was transferred to Mogilev Region. During the Second World War, the town was occupied by German troops and severely damaged. In 1986, it was considerably affected by the Chernobyl disaster.
There are timber industry and textile industry enterprises in Cherykaw.
Culture and recreation
In Cherykaw, several buildings survived from the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. In particular, the Catholic church was built in 1869, and in the Soviet times was used as a Palace of Culture. One of the mansions from the 19th century is currently used as a church.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cherykaw.|
- Численность населения областей и районов: Могилевская (PDF) (in Russian). Национальный статистический комитет Республики Беларусь. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- История (in Russian). Чериковский районный исполнительный комитет. 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- Чериковский районный исполнительный комитет (in Russian). 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
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- Чериков (in Russian). Глобус Беларуси. Retrieved 19 February 2012.