Salt (rapper)

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Salt
Cheryl James (salt).jpg
James performing with Salt-n-Pepa at the Canberra Theatre, Australia, 2013.
Born Cheryl Renee James[1][2]
(1966-03-28) March 28, 1966 (age 52)
Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.
Other names
  • Salt
  • Salty
  • Cheryl James-Wray
Education Queensborough Community College
Occupation
  • Rapper
  • songwriter
Spouse(s)
Gavin Wray (m. 2000)
Partner(s) Hurby Azor[3][4]
(1984–1989)
Children 2
Musical career
Origin Queens, New York City, New York, U.S.
Genres
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1985–present
Labels
Associated acts

Cheryl Renee James (born March 28, 1966[5]) better known by her stage name Salt, is an American rapper and songwriter. James is best known as a member of the American Grammy–award winning female rap trio Salt-n-Pepa, which also includes Pepa (Sandra Denton) and Spinderella (Deidra "Dee Dee" Roper). James starred in The Salt-n-Pepa Show, a reality TV series focusing on reforming the group which aired on the VH1 network in 2008.

Biography[edit]

Early life and education[edit]

The daughter of a transit worker and Barbara James[6], a banker[7], James was born in Brooklyn, New York. The middle of three children, James grew up in the Bushwick section of Brooklyn.[8] James attended Grover Cleveland High School, graduating in 1983.[9] After high school, James enrolled at Queensborough Community College to study nursing. James met Queens-native Sandra Denton in 1985 while attending college.[5] James soon became close friends with Denton, eventually working together as telephone solicitors at Sears.

Career[edit]

After forming a friendship with Denton, James' then-boyfriend and co-worker Hurby Azor approached the pair and asked them to record a rap for a class project. With Azor's guidance as their manager, James and Denton then formed the group[10] "Super Nature" (which eventually changed to "Salt N' Pepa") and were joined by Latoya Hanson who was replaced by Deidra Roper joined in 1987. They released five studio albums: Hot, Cool & Vicious (1986), A Salt with a Deadly Pepa (1988), Blacks' Magic (1990), Very Necessary (1993), and Brand New (1997). Salt also co-starred in the 1993 motion picture Who's the Man? In 1997, she recorded the song "Stomp" with gospel artists Kirk Franklin and God's Property for their album God's Property, one of the best-selling albums in gospel music history. They were the first female rap act to have gold, platinum, and multi-platinum albums, and the first female rap act to win a Grammy. The group disbanded in 2002 but reformed in 2008.

James appeared on VH1's inaugural Hip Hop Honors program in November 2004, along with Pepa, but they did not perform. Salt, Pepa, and Spinderella, however, did perform on the second Hip Hop Honors on September 22, 2005, performing their hit "Whatta Man". This was the trio's first performance as Salt-N-Pepa since 1999. On October 23, 2008, Salt-N-Pepa performed "Shoop", "Push It", and "Whatta Man" at the 2008 BET Hip Hop Awards. In 2009, James was featured in the Generation Gospel Exclusive on 106 & Gospel.[11]

Personal life[edit]

James dated Salt N' Pepa group manager Hurby Azor during the early start of the group from 1984 until 1989. James married her husband Gavin Wray on Christmas Eve 2000, although they dated for ten years before the marriage. James and Wray have two children, a daughter Corin (b. 1991[12]) and a son Chapele (b. 1999).[5] They currently reside in New York City. As of May 2011, James put her New York home on the market to relocate to Atlanta. James' daughter Corin attended Hofstra University in Hempstead, Long Island, New York.

James and her daughter are referenced in Tupac's song "Keep Ya Head Up." In an interview James stated she considers herself a feminist "in a way," emphasizing the need for women to avoid complete emotional and financial dependence on men. Songs like "Tramp" and "Shake Your Thang" by Salt-N-Pepa express such feminist themes as female autonomy.[13]

Discography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bynoe, Yvonne (2006). "Encyclopedia of Rap and Hip-hop Culture". Google Books. Greenwood Press. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  2. ^ Hess, Mikey (2007). "Icons of Hip Hop: 1". Google Books. Greenwood Icons. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  3. ^ D., Chuck (2017). "Chuck D Presents This Day in Rap and Hip-Hop History". Google Books. Hachette Books. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Ebony Magazine". Google Books. Johnson Publishing. February 1998. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c Biography - Cheryl "Salt" James (1966-)
  6. ^ Rolling Stone - Salt N' Pepa Do It Their Way - October 16, 1997
  7. ^ Encyclopedia - Salt N' Pepa
  8. ^ "Biography Today". Google Books. Omnigraphics. 1996. Retrieved November 30, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Straight Outta Queens". Google Books. New York Magazine. 1994. Retrieved November 30, 2017. 
  10. ^ Rhythm and Blues, Rap, and Hip-hop - Frank W. Hoffmann
  11. ^ "Salt in a different Season". Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  12. ^ "Straight Outta Queens". Google Books. New York Magazine. 1994. Retrieved November 30, 2017. 
  13. ^ Rose, Tricia (May 1990). "Never Trust A Big Butt and a Smile" (PDF). Camera Obscura. 8 (2): 108–131. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 

External links[edit]