Chesapeake (train)

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Chesapeake
Amtrak Chesapeake demonstration run at Perryville, April 1978.jpg
Demonstration run of the Chesapeake on April 30, 1978, the day before regular service began
Overview
Service type Inter-city rail
Status Discontinued
Locale Mid-Atlantic states
First service May 1, 1978
Last service October 29, 1983
Successor SEPTA
MARC Train
Former operator(s) Amtrak
Route
Start Washington, DC
End Philadelphia
Distance travelled 134 miles (216 km)
Average journey time 2 hour 18 minutes
Service frequency Monday through Friday
Train number(s) 420, 421
On-board services
Class(es) Unreserved coach
Technical
Rolling stock Arrow
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification 11.5 kV 25 Hz AC Overhead catenary
Track owner(s) Amtrak
Route map

The Chesapeake was a daily passenger train operated by Amtrak along the Northeast Corridor between Washington, D.C. and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was one of the few commuter trains operated by Amtrak and operated from 1978 to 1983.

History[edit]

Elkton station is the only former Chesapeake station not currently served by Amtrak, MARC, or SEPTA.

Service began on May 1, 1978, with funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of Maryland; a demonstration trip ran from Philadelphia to Bowie on April 30.[1][2] BWI Rail Station was added to the service when it opened in October 1980.[3] From February 4, 1980 to October 25, 1981, the Chesapeake was extended from 30th Street to Suburban Station.[4]

The train primarily served higher-ranking business executives and government officials on the southbound trip in the morning, as it arrived too late for most civil servants. The northbound trip primarily served the latter group, as it departed too early to serve the morning riders for their return trip.[5]

On January 1, 1983, Conrail was relieved of its obligation to run commuter service. Commuter service in Pennsylvania was merged into SEPTA Regional Rail, and MDOT contracted with Amtrak to run other Washington-Baltimore commuter trips. The Chesapeake was discontinued on October 30, 1983; an unnamed Washington-Baltimore trip continued in its stead.[4] The SEPTA R2 (now the Wilmington/Newark Line) and MARC Penn Line operate commuter service over most of the Chesapeake, although no commuter service is run between Perryville and Newark.

Equipment[edit]

The Chesapeake operated with leased Arrow electric multiple units.[6]

Station stops[edit]

The following station stops were made by Chesapeake trains during the October 1980 to October 1981 period:

State City Station Notes
Pennsylvania Philadelphia Suburban Station Now a Wilmington/Newark Line stop
30th Street Station Now an Amtrak and Wilmington/Newark Line stop
Chester Chester Transportation Center Now a Wilmington/Newark Line stop
Delaware Wilmington French Street Station Now an Amtrak and Wilmington/Newark Line stop
Newark Newark Rail Station Now an Amtrak and Wilmington/Newark Line stop
Maryland Elkton Elkton
Perryville Perryville Now a Penn Line stop
Aberdeen Aberdeen Now a Penn Line and Amtrak stop
Edgewood Edgewood Now a Penn Line stop
Baltimore Pennsylvania Station Now a Penn Line and Amtrak stop
Edmondson Avenue Station Its replacement, West Baltimore station, is now a Penn Line stop
Linthicum Baltimore Airport Now a Penn Line and Amtrak stop
Odenton Odenton Now a Penn Line stop
Bowie Bowie Its 1989 replacement, Bowie State station, is now a Penn Line stop
Lanham Capital Beltway Its 1983 replacement, New Carrollton station, is now an Amtrak and Penn Line stop
Washington, D.C Union Station Now Penn Line and Amtrak stop

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chesapeake Timetable; April 30, 1978 (Museum of Railway Timetables.org)
  2. ^ Baer, Christopher T. (April 2015). "A GENERAL CHRONOLOGY OF THE SUCCESSORS OF THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD COMPANY AND THEIR HISTORICAL CONTEXT: 1978" (PDF). Pennsylvania Railroad Technical and Historical Society. 
  3. ^ Chesapeake Timetable; October 26, 1980 (Museum of Railway Timetables.org)
  4. ^ a b Baer, Christopher T. (April 2015). "A GENERAL CHRONOLOGY OF THE SUCCESSORS OF THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD COMPANY AND THEIR HISTORICAL CONTEXT: 1980-89" (PDF). Pennsylvania Railroad Technical and Historical Society. 
  5. ^ Meyer, Eugene L. (February 12, 1980). "A Commuter Train With a Split Personality: Commuter Train Shows A Changing Personality". Washington Post – via Proquest Historical Newspapers. (subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ "Trivia Quiz". On Track. 1 (1): 15; 25. June 1981. 

External links[edit]