Initially a hamlet in the parish of Chesham, the manor was assessed at 1½ hides in the reign of King Edward the Confessor. The estate belonged to a brother of King Harold, who was killed with him at the Battle of Hastings and probably William the Conqueror gave this ‘royal’ land to his own half-brother, Odo Bishop of Bayeux. The village gets its name from the de Bosco family (the French version of which was 'de Bois') and by 1213 in the reign of King John a William du Bois was holding the manor. By about 1430, in the reign of Henry VI, the manor had been acquired by the Cheynes of Chenies who remained for over 300 years, before conveying the manor to the Duke of Bedford in 1735. Chesham Bois House, the site of the manor, was the subject of an archaeological excavation by television programme Time Team, which was broadcast in the United Kingdom on Channel 4 in March 2007.
Famous people born in Chesham Bois were the crime writer and composer Edmund Crispin, Lieutenant Commander Peter Scawen Watkinson Roberts, who was awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry in the face of the enemy during World War II and Mervyn King, former governor of the Bank of England. David Munrow, the Early music pioneer lived in Chesham Bois for a short period of time before his death.
The village contains two churches: the Anglican church of St. Leonard's (started in the 12th century) and the Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady (built in 1915 and extended in 1953). Chesham Bois C of E Combined School is located down Bois Lane, a mixed primary school with over 200 pupils. The Beacon School is also located in the village and is an independent preparatory school educating over 400 boys. Also on located in the Village is Our Ladys Roman Catholic Combined School which is opposite the church of the same name. Elangeni School is situated at the end of Woodside Avenue and is a mixed state school. A 40-acre (160,000 m2) sycamore and ash wood and common is the site of the local cricket pavilion, as well as being the site for the biennial village fete.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chesham Bois.|
- Chesham Bois Cricket Club
- Chesham Bois House
- Chesham Bois Parish Council
- Chesham Bois Village
- Chess Valley Archaeological & Historical Society
- Location map (Multimap)
- Pictures of Chesham Bois
- St. Leonard's Church, Chesham Bois
- Our Lady of Perpetual Succour Roman Catholic Church, Chesham Bois
- Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census, Accessed 2 February 2013
- Page, William, ed. (2014) [London:Victoria County History, 1925]. "Parishes: Chesham Bois". A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 3. British History Online. Institute of Historical Research. pp. 218–221. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "A history of Chesham Bois House". Retrieved 30 December 2007.
- "mention of the name de Bosco in 1806 in "Magna Britannia"". Archived from the original on 17 August 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
- "Details of the Cheyne family links for Chesham Bois". Retrieved 30 December 2007.
- "The Cheyne gang". Retrieved 30 December 2007.
- "Discussion on Time Team Forum". Retrieved 30 December 2007.