Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Cheshire County Courthouse in Keene
Location within the U.S. state of New Hampshire
New Hampshire's location within the U.S.
|• Total||728.9 sq mi (1,888 km2)|
|• Land||706.7 sq mi (1,830 km2)|
|• Water||22.2 sq mi (57 km2) 3.1%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||108.2/sq mi (41.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Cheshire County is a county in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of New Hampshire. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,117. Its county seat is the city of Keene. Cheshire was one of the five original counties of New Hampshire, and is named for the county of Cheshire in England. It was organized in 1771 at Keene. Sullivan County was created from the northern portion of Cheshire County in 1827.
Cheshire County comprises the Keene, NH Micropolitan Statistical Area.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 729 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 707 square miles (1,830 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (3.1%) is water. The highest point in Cheshire county is Mount Monadnock, in the northwestern part of Jaffrey, at 3,165 feet (965 m).
- Sullivan County (north)
- Hillsborough County (east)
- Worcester County, Massachusetts (southeast)
- Franklin County, Massachusetts (southwest)
- Windham County, Vermont (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 73,825 people, 28,299 households, and 18,790 families living in the county. The population density was 104 people per square mile (40/km2). There were 31,876 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (17/km2). The county's racial makeup was 97.75% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.2% were of English, 13.1% French, 12.7% Irish, 9.3% American, 8.7% French Canadian, 6.7% Italian and 6.5% German ancestry. 95.5% spoke English, 1.4% French and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.
There were 28,299 households, of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.
23.30% of the county's population were under the age of 18, 11.70% were from 18 to 24, 27.00% were from 25 to 44, 24.30% were from 45 to 64, and 13.70% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.
The county's median household income was $42,382, and the median family income was $51,043. Males had a median income of $33,821 versus $25,328 for females. The county's per capita income was $20,685. About 4.40% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.50% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 77,117 people, 30,204 households, and 19,284 families living in the county. The population density was 109.1 inhabitants per square mile (42.1/km2). There were 34,773 housing units at an average density of 49.2 per square mile (19.0/km2). The county's racial makeup was 96.3% white, 1.2% Asian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 20.7% were English, 19.1% were Irish, 12.0% were German, 8.8% were French Canadian, 8.7% were Italian, 5.0% were Scottish, and 4.7% were American.
Of the 30,204 households, 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.2% were non-families, and 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 40.7 years.
The county's median household income was $53,828 and the median family income was $65,936. Males had a median income of $46,014 versus $35,864 for females. The county's per capita income was $27,045. About 6.0% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.
Politics and government
The executive power of Cheshire County's government is held by three county commissioners, each representing one of the three commissioner districts within the county.
|District 1||John "Jack" Wozmak||Walpole, NH||Democratic|
|District 2||Charles "Chuck" Weed||Keene, NH||Democratic|
|District 3||Robert Englund||Stoddard, NH||Democratic|
In addition to the County Commission, there are five directly elected officials: they include County Attorney, Register of Deeds, County Sheriff, Register of Probate, and County Treasurer.
|County Attorney||Chris McLaughlin (D)|
|Register of Deeds||Anna Tilton (D)|
|County Sheriff||Eli Rivera (D)|
|Register of Probate||Jeremy LaPlante (D)|
|County Treasurer||Terry Clark (D)|
The legislative branch of Cheshire County is made up of all of the members of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from the county. In total, as of August 2018 there are 23 members from 16 different districts.
- Keene (county seat)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 16, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Official Cheshire County web site
- Cheshire information pages at the University of New Hampshire
- National Register of Historic Places listing for Cheshire County
- Keene Pumpkin Festival
- Map of fire stations in Cheshire County