Cheshire West and Chester

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"Cheshire West" redirects here. For the former European Parliament constituency, see Cheshire West (European Parliament constituency).
Cheshire West and Chester
Borough and Unitary authority
Official logo of Cheshire West and Chester
Logo
Cheshire West and Chester highlighted in red on a beige political map of Cheshire
Cheshire West and Chester shown within Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°12′47″N 2°54′07″W / 53.213°N 2.902°W / 53.213; -2.902Coordinates: 53°12′47″N 2°54′07″W / 53.213°N 2.902°W / 53.213; -2.902
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Established 1 April 2009
Administrative HQ Chester
Government
 • Type Unitary authority
 • Body Cheshire West and Chester Council
 • Leadership Leader and cabinet
 • Executive Labour
 • Leader Samantha Dixon
 • Lord Mayor (Chester) Hugo Deynem
 • Chief Executive Steve Robinson
Area
 • Total 353.9 sq mi (916.7 km2)
Area rank 32nd
Population (Mid-2014 est.)
 • Total 332,210
 • Rank 19th
 • Density 940/sq mi (362/km2)
 • Ethnicity 98.5% white
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
GSS code E06000050
ISO 3166-2 GB-CHW
NUTS 3 code UKD63
ONS code 00EW
Website www.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk

Cheshire West and Chester[1][2][3] is a unitary authority area with borough status,[4] in the ceremonial county of Cheshire. It was established in April 2009 as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in England, by virtue of an order under the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007.[5] It replaced the boroughs of Ellesmere Port and Neston, Vale Royal and Chester District and its council took over the function of the former Cheshire County Council within its area. The rest of ceremonial Cheshire is composed of Cheshire East, Warrington and Halton. The decision to create the Cheshire West and Chester unitary authority was announced on 25 July 2007 following a consultation period, in which a proposal to create a single Cheshire unitary authority was rejected.[6] Chester City Council had proposed the new authority be called "The City of Chester and West Cheshire" but this was also rejected.[7]

Governance[edit]

The electoral wards for the new unitary authority were the same as those used in the former Cheshire County Council elections, with each ward electing 3 councillors.[8] The first elections to the authority took place on 1 May 2008,[9] with the Conservatives gaining control with a majority of 38 councillors.[10] When first contested there were 72 elected councillors in the authority led by Councillor Mike Jones.[citation needed]

Due to boundary changes put into effect prior to 2011 elections, 3 additional councillor seats were created, making a total of 75 councillors in the authority. The new wards are a mixture of single member wards, two member wards and three member wards. The Conservative Party retained control with a diminished majority having won 42 seats whilst Labour won 32 seats and the Liberal Democrats won 1. It is likely that the changes in the ward boundaries favoured the opposition parties when compared with the ward boundaries used for the 2008 which were seen as favouring the Conservative party. The 2008 elections took place when the Labour Party nationally was performing particularly badly.[citation needed].[11]

There was a by-election in October 2011 following the death of Labour Party Leader Derek Bateman in July 2011. Cllr Lynn Clare was duly elected to represent the Ellesmere Port Town ward.[citation needed]

The 2015 election took place on 7 May, on the same day as other local elections and the general election. All 75 seats were being contested. As a result of the election, the council moved from Conservative control to Labour control, and was the only council to change hands in this way in the 2015 elections.[12] In addition, the Liberal Democrats' only seat on the council was lost, while an independent was elected to the Parkgate ward.

Details of the current councillors can be found using this link: http://online.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk/Election2015/CouncillorAtoZ.aspx[13]

Council wards, Civil parishes and House of Commons constituencies[edit]

The District is divided into 46 wards,[14][15] listed below in alphabetical order.

There are 97 parish councils in the borough,[16][17] despite there being a total of 166 civil parishes before a community governance review was undertaken by the borough council in 2014[18] under section 82 of the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007:[19]

Ward Civil parishes[Note 1] and unparished areas House of Commons constituency
Blacon Chester City of Chester
Boughton Chester
Chester City Chester
Chester Castle
Chester Villages Christleton
Christleton Eddisbury
Guilden Sutton City of Chester
Littleton
Mickle Trafford and District Ellesmere Port and Neston
Rowton Eddisbury
Waverton
Davenham and Moulton Bostock
Davenham
Moulton
Northwich Weaver Vale
Dodleston and Huntington Dodleston City of Chester
Eaton and Eccleston
Huntington
Poulton and Pulford
Ellesmere Port Town Ellesmere Port Ellesmere Port and Neston
Elton Croughton
Elton
Ince
Little Stanney
Stoak
Thornton-le-Moors
Wervin
Farndon Aldersey Eddisbury
Aldford and Saighton City of Chester
Aldford and Saighton Eddisbury
Barton
Carden
Clutton
Coddington
Edgerley
Farndon
Shocklach Oviatt and District
Stretton
Tilston
Frodsham Frodsham Weaver Vale
Garden Quarter Chester City of Chester
Gowy Alvanley Weaver Vale
Ashton Hayes and Horton-cum-Peel Eddisbury
Barrow
Dunham-on-the-Hill and Hapsford
Manley Weaver Vale
Mouldsworth Eddisbury
Grange Ellesmere Port Ellesmere Port and Neston
Great Boughton Great Boughton City of Chester
Handbridge Park Chester
Hartford and Greenbank Hartford Weaver Vale
Northwich
Helsby Helsby
Hoole Chester City of Chester
Kingsley Aston Weaver Vale
Crowton
Kingsley
Norley
Sutton
Lache Chester City of Chester
Ledsham and Manor Ellesmere Port Ellesmere Port and Neston
Little Neston and Burton Neston
Puddington City of Chester
Malpas Agden Eddisbury
Chidlow
Chorlton
Cuddington
Malpas
No Man’s Heath and District
Threapwood
Tushingham-cum-Grindley, Macefen and Bradley
Wigland
Marbury Anderton with Marbury Tatton
Antrobus
Barnton
Comberbach
Great Budworth
Little Leigh
Marston
Whitley
Wincham
Neston Neston Ellesmere Port and Neston
Netherpool Ellesmere Port
Newton Chester City of Chester
Parkgate Neston Ellesmere Port and Neston
Rossmore Ellesmere Port
Saughall and Mollington Backford City of Chester
Capenhurst
Lea-by-Backford
Ledsham
Mollington
Saughall and Shotwick Park
Shakerley Allostock Tatton
Byley
Lach Dennis
Lostock Gralam
Sproston
St Paul's Ellesmere Port Ellesmere Port and Neston
Strawberry Ellesmere Port
Sutton Ellesmere Port
Tarporley Little Budworth Eddisbury
Rushton
Tarporley
Utkinton
Tarvin and Kelsall Clotton Hoofield
Delamere and Oakmere
Duddon
Kelsall
Tarvin
Willington
Tattenhall Broxton
Burwardsley
Chowley
Duckington
Golborne David
Handley
Hargrave and Huxley
Tattenhall
Upton Bache City of Chester
Moston
Upton-by-Chester
Weaver and Cuddington Acton Bridge Weaver Vale
Cuddington Eddisbury
Dutton Weaver Vale
Weaverham
Whitby Ellesmere Port Ellesmere Port and Neston
Willaston and Thornton Ellesmere Port
Winnington and Castle Northwich Weaver Vale
Winsford Over and Verdin Whitegate and Marton
Winsford Eddisbury
Winsford Swanlow and Dene Darnhall
Winsford
Winsford Wharton Stanthorne and Wimboldsley
Winsford
Witton and Rudheath Northwich Weaver Vale
Rudheath Tatton
Notes
  1. ^ 1: Civil parishes highlighted in bold have unilaterally declared town status under section 12A of the Local Government Act 1972.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Constituency Member of Parliament Political party
City of Chester Chris Matheson Labour Party
Eddisbury Antoinette Sandbach Conservative Party
Ellesmere Port and Neston Justin Madders Labour Party
Tatton George Osborne Conservative Party
Weaver Vale Graham Evans

Members of the European Parliament[edit]

Cheshire West and Chester forms part of the North West England constituency, which elects eight members to the European Parliament using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Constituency Member of the European Parliament National political party European political party
North West England Louise Bours UK Independence Party Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe
Jacqueline Foster Conservative Party Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists
Theresa Griffin Labour Party Party of European Socialists
Sajjad Karim Conservative Party Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists
Afzal Khan Labour and Co-operative Party Party of European Socialists
Paul Nuttall UK Independence Party Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe
Julie Ward Labour Party Party of European Socialists
Steven Woolfe UK Independence Party Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe

Demography[edit]

Ethnicity[edit]

Ethnicity in Cheshire West and Chester (2011 census)[20]
Ethnicity Percent(%)
White
  
97.5%
Asian
  
1.3%
Mixed
  
0.9%
Black
  
0.3%
Arab
  
0.1%
Other
  
0.1%

In line with nearly every local government district in England and Wales, the majority of the population describe themselves as 'white'. The exact figure - 97.5% - is comparable with metropolitan counties such as Merseyside, non-metropolitan counties such as Cumbria and principal areas throughout Wales. This would suggest that the figure is not a significant outlier nationwide.

The next largest ethnic group in the borough is Asian, who along with other ethnic minorities are supported by the Cheshire Asian & Minority Communities Council, a registered charity headquartered in Chester.

Nationality[edit]

2011 United Kingdom Census[21]
Country of birth Population
United Kingdom United Kingdom 313,621
Poland Poland 2,117
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1,932
Germany Germany 1,270
India India 895
South Africa South Africa 717
United States United States 481
Australia Australia 343
Philippines Philippines 337
Hong Kong Hong Kong 305
Spain Spain 301
Italy Italy 278
France France 273
Bangladesh Bangladesh 266
China China 256
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 240
Turkey Turkey 218
Pakistan Pakistan 162
Kenya Kenya 155
Portugal Portugal 140
Nigeria Nigeria 139
Lithuania Lithuania 137
Romania Romania 135
Iran Iran 102
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 98
Jamaica Jamaica 45
Ghana Ghana 41

The majority of the population of Cheshire West and Chester is British-born, with the percentage standing at 95.1% (2011), a figure significantly above that of the UK as a whole (88.7%, 2010).[22] The largest overseas nationality is Polish, which is significant because of the World War II U.S. military base and subsequent Polish refugee camp in Cuddington.

Religion[edit]

Religion in Cheshire West and Chester (2011 census)[23]
Religion Percent(%)
Christian
  
70.1%
No religion
  
22.0%
Undeclared
  
6.5%
Muslim
  
0.5%
Other
  
0.3%
Buddhist
  
0.2%
Hindu
  
0.2%
Jewish
  
0.1%
Sikh
  
0.1%

The overwhelming main religion in Cheshire West and Chester is Christianity, with a percentage figure above the average for England and Wales (59.3%, 2011).[24] The single largest church is the Church of England, with the borough being served by the Chester Archdeaconry, with six deaneries and an average of twenty parish churches in each deanery. Roman Catholicism also has a significant presence across the borough, with all its churches located in the Diocese of Shrewsbury.

Methodist churches in the borough form groups averaging ten, known as 'circuits' (the four in Cheshire West and Chester are all part of the Chester and Stoke-on-Trent District). More marginal churches include Assemblies of God, Baptist Union, Elim Pentecostal, United Reformed and the English Presbyterian Church of Wales in Chester.

Aside from churches, there are two mosques in Cheshire West and Chester - one each in Chester and Ellesmere Port - which were subjected to property theft[25] and racially-aggravated disorder[26] respectively in 2014.

Local nature reserves[edit]

Cheshire West and Chester Council maintains six Local Nature Reserves: Burton Mill Wood (Ellesmere Port), Helsby Quarry (Vale Royal), Marshall's Arm (Vale Royal), Rivacre Valley (Ellesmere Port), Stanney Wood (Ellesmere Port) and Whitby Park (Ellesmere Port).[27]

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

There are no airports in the borough, with the nearest passenger airports being Liverpool and Manchester which licensed vehicles provide transport to. Airbus' fleet of A300-600ST Beluga transporter aircraft are based at Hawarden Airport in neighbouring Flintshire, adjacent to their wing manufacturing facility.

Cycling[edit]

National routes which pass though the borough include NCR5, NCR45 (Mercian Way), NCR56, NCR562, NCR563, NCR568 and NCR573. Regional routes include 70 (Cheshire Cycleway) and 71.

Three disused railways in the borough have been converted to off-road cycleways, including:

In 2009, Chester was awarded the status of 'Cycling Town' by Cycling England. To reflect this, a series of colour-coded signposted routes around the city were devised in 2012.[28]

Rail[edit]

Chester is the hub of the railway network in the borough, with over four million trips recorded annually. Railway lines in the borough - not necessarily connecting to Chester - include:

The sections of railway between Chester - Stockport and Chester - Warrington Bank Quay are proposed for electrification during the period 2019-2024.[29]

Road[edit]

Motorways and trunk roads in the borough which are maintained by Highways England include the M6, M53, M56, A55, A483, A494, A550 and a short section of the A41 in Hooton. Other primary routes maintained by the council include the A41, A49, A51, A54, A56, A483, A530, A533, A534, A556, A5115, A5116, A5117 and A5268.

Water[edit]

Navigable waterways in the borough include the Shropshire Union Canal, Trent and Mersey Canal and the Weaver Navigation, the latter two being connected together by the Anderton Boat Lift near Northwich, the only caisson lift lock in the United Kingdom.

Twin towns[edit]

Whilst the borough per se does not have any twinning agreements, several of its settlements have agreements predating its creation in 2009, listed below:

Settlement Twin town(s)
Chester France Sens
Germany Lörrach
Italy Senigallia
Northwich France Dole
Republic of Ireland Carlow
Tarporley France Bohars
Winsford France Deuil-la-Barre

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vale Royal Borough Council – Minister's announcement is welcomed
  2. ^ Chester City Council – Two new councils for Cheshire
  3. ^ Cheshire West and Chester Council Shadow Authority
  4. ^ http://www.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk/your_council/press_releases/2009_press_releases/april/history_in_the_making.aspx
  5. ^ Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008
  6. ^ BBC News, 25 July 2007 – County split into two authorities. Retrieval Date: 25 July 2007.
  7. ^ Chester City Council proposals. Retrieval date: 3 July 2010.
  8. ^ "People and Places" proposed electoral wards. Retrieval Date: 9 August 2007.
  9. ^ Proposals for new City of Chester and West Cheshire Local Authority. Chester District website. Retrieval Date: 25 October 2007.
  10. ^ Cheshire West and Chester election Results, 2 May 2008
  11. ^ Cheshire West and Chester 2011 Election Results 5 May 2011
  12. ^ "Labour take control of Cheshire West and Chester Council". Northwich Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 
  13. ^ [A-Z of Elected Councillors] Cheshire West and Chester District Council, Accessed 25 May 2015
  14. ^ Cheshire West and Chester 2011 Elections: Result by Ward 5 May 2011
  15. ^ Cheshire West and Chester Member Index: Your Councillors by Ward 6 May 2011
  16. ^ "Town and parish councils". www.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk. Cheshire West and Chester. Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "Parish and Town Councils in Cheshire" (PDF). www.chalc.org.uk. Cheshire Association of Local Councils. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  18. ^ "Community governance arrangements". www.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk. Cheshire West and Chester. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 - section 82". www.legislation.gov.uk. Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  20. ^ "2011 Census, Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales". Ons.gov.uk. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  21. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics (North West (Region))". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  22. ^ "Population and social conditions" (PDF). www.ec.europa.eu/eurostat. Eurostat. Retrieved 11 July 2015. 
  23. ^ "2011 Census, Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales". Ons.gov.uk. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  24. ^ "2011 Census, Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales". Ons.gov.uk. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  25. ^ "Heartless thieves steal plants from mosque during Ramadan". www.chesterchronicle.co.uk. Chester Chronicle. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  26. ^ "Ellesmere Port man arrested after pig's head placed outside Islamic centre". www.chesterchronicle.co.uk. Chester Chronicle. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  27. ^ "Statutory Sites". Cheshire West and Chester council. Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  28. ^ "Complete Library of Free Chester Cycle Route Maps". www.chestercyclecity.org. Chester Cycling Campaign. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  29. ^ "Electrification Task Force Final Report Revealed". www.railnorth.org. Rail North. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 

External links[edit]