Cheshire West and Chester

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"Cheshire West" redirects here. For the former European Parliament constituency, see Cheshire West (European Parliament constituency).
Cheshire West and Chester
Borough and Unitary authority
Official logo of Cheshire West and Chester
Logo
Cheshire West and Chester highlighted in red on a beige political map of Cheshire
Cheshire West and Chester shown within Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°12′47″N 2°54′07″W / 53.213°N 2.902°W / 53.213; -2.902Coordinates: 53°12′47″N 2°54′07″W / 53.213°N 2.902°W / 53.213; -2.902
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Established 1 April 2009
Administrative HQ Chester
Government
 • Type Unitary authority
 • Body Cheshire West and Chester Council
 • Leadership Leader and cabinet
 • Executive Labour
 • Leader Samantha Dixon
 • Lord Mayor (Chester) Hugo Deynem
 • Chief Executive Steve Robinson
Area
 • Total 353.9 sq mi (916.7 km2)
Area rank 32nd
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 332,210
 • Rank 19th
 • Density 940/sq mi (362/km2)
 • Ethnicity 98.5% white
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
GSS code E06000050
ISO 3166-2 GB-CHW
NUTS 3 code UKD63
ONS code 00EW
Website www.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk

Cheshire West and Chester[1][2][3] is a unitary authority area with borough status,[4] in the ceremonial county of Cheshire. It was established in April 2009 as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in England, by virtue of an order under the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007.[5] It replaced the boroughs of Ellesmere Port and Neston, Vale Royal and Chester District and its council took over the function of the former Cheshire County Council within its area. The rest of ceremonial Cheshire is composed of Cheshire East, Warrington and Halton. The decision to create the Cheshire West and Chester unitary authority was announced on 25 July 2007 following a consultation period, in which a proposal to create a single Cheshire unitary authority was rejected.[6] Chester City Council had proposed the new authority be called "The City of Chester and West Cheshire" but this was also rejected.[7]

Politics and administration[edit]

The electoral wards for the new unitary authority were the same as those used in the former Cheshire County Council elections, with each ward electing 3 councillors.[8] The first elections to the authority took place on 1 May 2008,[9] with the Conservatives gaining control with a majority of 38 councillors.[10] When first contested there were 72 elected councillors in the authority led by Councillor Mike Jones.[citation needed]

Due to boundary changes put into effect prior to 2011 elections, 3 additional councillor seats were created, making a total of 75 councillors in the authority. The new wards are a mixture of single member wards, two member wards and three member wards. The Conservative Party retained control with a diminished majority having won 42 seats whilst Labour won 32 seats and the Liberal Democrats won 1. It is likely that the changes in the ward boundaries favoured the opposition parties when compared with the ward boundaries used for the 2008 which were seen as favouring the Conservative party. The 2008 elections took place when the Labour Party nationally was performing particularly badly.[citation needed].[11]

There was a by-election in October 2011 following the death of Labour Party Leader Derek Bateman in July 2011. Cllr Lynn Clare was duly elected to represent the Ellesmere Port Town ward.[citation needed]

The 2015 election took place on 7 May, on the same day as other local elections and the general election. All 75 seats were being contested. As a result of the election, the council moved from Conservative control to Labour control, and was the only council to change hands in this way in the 2015 elections.[12] In addition, the Liberal Democrats' only seat on the council was lost, while an independent was elected to the Parkgate ward.

Details of the current councillors can be found using this link: http://online.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk/Election2015/CouncillorAtoZ.aspx [13]

Council wards[edit]

The District is divided into 46 wards, listed below in alphabetical order.

  • Blacon
  • Boughton
  • Broxton
  • Chester City
  • Chester Villages
  • Davenham and Moulton
  • Dodleston and Huntington
  • Ellesmere Port Town
  • Elton
  • Farndon
  • Frodsham
  • Garden Quarter
  • Gowy
  • Grange
  • Great Boughton
  • Handbridge Park
  • Hartford and Greenbank
  • Helsby
  • Hoole
  • Kingsley
  • Lache
  • Ledsham and Manor
  • Little Neston and Burton
  • Malpas
  • Marbury
  • Neston
  • Netherpool
  • Newton
  • Parkgate
  • Rossmore
  • Saughall and Mollington
  • Shakerley
  • St Paul's
  • Strawberry
  • Sutton
  • Tarporley
  • Tarvin and Kelsall
  • Tattenhall
  • Upton
  • Weaver and Cuddington
  • Whitby
  • Willaston and Thornton
  • Winnington and Castle
  • Winsford Over and Verdin
  • Winsford Swanlow and Dene
  • Winsford Wharton
  • Witton and Rudheath[14][15]

Parish/Town councils[edit]

There are 97 parish councils in the borough,[16][17] despite there being a total of 166 civil parishes before a community governance review was undertaken by the borough council in 2014[18] under section 82 of the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007.[19]

Demography[edit]

2011 United Kingdom Census[20]
Country of birth Population
United Kingdom United Kingdom 313,621
Poland Poland 2,117
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1,932
Germany Germany 1,270
India India 895
South Africa South Africa 717
United States United States 481
Australia Australia 343
Philippines Philippines 337
Hong Kong Hong Kong 305
Spain Spain 301
Italy Italy 278
France France 273
Bangladesh Bangladesh 266
China China 256
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 240
Turkey Turkey 218
Pakistan Pakistan 162
Kenya Kenya 155
Portugal Portugal 140
Nigeria Nigeria 139
Lithuania Lithuania 137
Romania Romania 135
Iran Iran 102
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 98
Jamaica Jamaica 45
Ghana Ghana 41

Local nature reserves[edit]

Cheshire West and Chester Council maintains six Local Nature Reserves: Burton Mill Wood (Ellesmere Port), Helsby Quarry (Vale Royal), Marshall's Arm (Vale Royal), Rivacre Valley (Ellesmere Port), Stanney Wood (Ellesmere Port) and Whitby Park (Ellesmere Port).[21]

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

There are no airports in the borough, with the nearest passenger airports being Liverpool and Manchester which licensed vehicles provide transport to. Airbus' fleet of A300-600ST Beluga transporter aircraft are based at Hawarden Airport in neighbouring Flintshire, adjacent to their wing manufacturing facility.

Cycling[edit]

National routes which pass though the borough include NCR5, NCR45 (Mercian Way), NCR56, NCR562, NCR563, NCR568 and NCR573. Regional routes include 70 (Cheshire Cycleway) and 71.

Three disused railways in the borough have been converted to off-road cycleways, including:

In 2009, Chester was awarded the status of 'Cycling Town' by Cycling England. To reflect this, a series of colour-coded signposted routes around the city were devised in 2012.[22]

Rail[edit]

Chester is the hub of the railway network in the borough, with over four million trips recorded annually. Railway lines in the borough - not necessarily connecting to Chester - include:

The sections of railway between Chester - Stockport and Chester - Warrington Bank Quay are proposed for electrification during the period 2019-2024.[23]

Road[edit]

Motorways and trunk roads in the borough which are maintained by Highways England include the M6, M53, M56, A55, A483, A494, A550 and a short section of the A41 in Hooton. Other primary routes maintained by the council include the A41, A49, A51, A54, A56, A483, A530, A533, A534, A556, A5115, A5116, A5117 and A5268.

Water[edit]

Navigable waterways in the borough include the Shropshire Union Canal, Trent and Mersey Canal and the Weaver Navigation, the latter two being connected together by the Anderton Boat Lift near Northwich, the only caisson lift lock in the United Kingdom.

Twin towns[edit]

Whilst the borough per se does not have any twinning agreements, several of its settlements have agreements predating its creation in 2009, listed below:

Settlement Twin town(s)
Chester France Sens
Germany Lörrach
Italy Senigallia
Northwich France Dole
Republic of Ireland Carlow
Tarporley France Bohars
Winsford France Deuil-la-Barre

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vale Royal Borough Council – Minister's announcement is welcomed
  2. ^ Chester City Council – Two new councils for Cheshire
  3. ^ Cheshire West and Chester Council Shadow Authority
  4. ^ http://www.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk/your_council/press_releases/2009_press_releases/april/history_in_the_making.aspx
  5. ^ Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008
  6. ^ BBC News, 25 July 2007 – County split into two authorities. Retrieval Date: 25 July 2007.
  7. ^ Chester City Council proposals. Retrieval date: 3 July 2010.
  8. ^ "People and Places" proposed electoral wards. Retrieval Date: 9 August 2007.
  9. ^ Proposals for new City of Chester and West Cheshire Local Authority. Chester District website. Retrieval Date: 25 October 2007.
  10. ^ Cheshire West and Chester election Results, 2 May 2008
  11. ^ Cheshire West and Chester 2011 Election Results 5 May 2011
  12. ^ "Labour take control of Cheshire West and Chester Council". Northwich Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 
  13. ^ [A-Z of Elected Councillors] Cheshire West and Chester District Council, Accessed 25 May 2015
  14. ^ Cheshire West and Chester 2011 Elections: Result by Ward 5 May 2011
  15. ^ Cheshire West and Chester Member Index: Your Councillors by Ward 6 May 2011
  16. ^ "Town and parish councils". www.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk. Cheshire West and Chester. Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "Parish and Town Councils in Cheshire" (PDF). www.chalc.org.uk. Cheshire Association of Local Councils. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  18. ^ "Community governance arrangements". www.cheshirewestandchester.gov.uk. Cheshire West and Chester. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 - section 82". www.legislation.gov.uk. Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  20. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics (North West (Region))". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  21. ^ "Statutory Sites". Cheshire West and Chester council. Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  22. ^ "Complete Library of Free Chester Cycle Route Maps". www.chestercyclecity.org. Chester Cycling Campaign. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  23. ^ "Electrification Task Force Final Report Revealed". www.railnorth.org. Rail North. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 

External links[edit]