Chess World Cup
The Chess World Cup is the name given to a number of different chess tournaments. The format and significance of the tournaments has changed over the years.
In 1988–99, the Grandmasters Association organised a series of six high-ranking World Cup tournaments in the form of a 'Grand Prix'.
In 2000 and 2002 FIDE, the World Chess Federation, staged their "First Chess World Cup" and "Second Chess World Cup" respectively. These were major tournaments, but not directly linked to the World Chess Championship. Both the 2000 and 2002 events were won by Viswanathan Anand of India.
Since 2005, a different event of the same name has been part of the World Chess Championship cycle. This event is being held every two years. It is a 128-player knockout tournament, in the same style as the Tilburg tournament from 1992-94, or the 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002 and 2004 FIDE World Championships.
The event was held in 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011 in Khanty-Mansiysk, and subsequently FIDE has given preference to bids for the Olympiad that also contain a bid for the preceding World Cup. During the 2015 finals of the World Cup, the main organizer commented "We received the right to host the Olympiad and then we were given an additional event – the World Cup."
The Chess World Cup 2005 qualified ten players for the Candidates Tournament for the World Chess Championship 2007. This event was won by Armenian GM Levon Aronian. The Chess World Cup 2007 qualified one player for the next stage of the World Chess Championship 2010. This event was won by American GM Gata Kamsky.
The Chess World Cup 2009 qualified one player for the World Chess Championship 2012 cycle, Israeli GM Boris Gelfand won this event. The Chess World Cup 2011 qualified three players for the World Chess Championship 2013 cycle, Russian GM Peter Svidler won this event. The Chess World Cup 2013 qualified two players for the World Chess Championship 2014 cycle, Russian GM Vladimir Kramnik won this event. The Chess World Cup 2015 qualified two players for the World Chess Championship 2016 cycle, Russian GM Sergey Karjakin won this event.
The format has typically been 128 players with 7 single-elimination rounds of "mini-matches", which are 2 games each followed by a series of rapid then blitz tiebreaks if necessary. The final usually has 4 games before the tiebreaks start. An extra rest day has recently been added before the semi-finals, in addition to before the final. Some criticism has been leveled at the scheduling effects, with the event being rather long (26 days), particularly with almost all of the players having left long before the end. Fatigue thus plays a critical role, and while some players seek to conserve energy by avoiding tiebreaks, others "agree" (either explicitly or implicitly) to make short draws in the 2 long games and decide the winner in tiebreaks. There are often comments that system is mostly a lottery of who survives, though of course better players have more chances on the whole. The anticlimax of the 4-round final, with both players now already qualified for the Candidates, has also been criticized. Similarly, many journalists only come for the first week or two, when the intrigue is more with early round upsets and the surprises of the field, rather than the finals.
- Women's World Chess Championship, held approximately every other year, played with a similar format (knockout), but only 64 players
- FIDE Grand Prix, another way to qualify for the Candidates Match
- The Week in Chess 306 (web archive) 18 September 2000
- The Week in Chess 415 (web archive) 21 October 2002
- Bidding Procedure for 2014 Olympiad
- FIDE General Assembly Minutes (2012), section 18.5
- Armenian chess players have no problems in Baku
- Israel's Gelfand wins Chess World Cup, December 31, 2009, in Israel 21c A Focus Beyond Retrieved 2010-01-01
- World Chess Cup Final: Boris Gelfand is King
- Levitov announces FIDE plans for Candidates Tournament in the 2014 World Championship cycle
- World Cup 2015 Regulations
- Svidler and Karjakin on the World Cup final (Chess24)
- Chess World Cup 2013, War of Attrition (Chess.com)
- World Cup 2013 Chess-News comments about Tromso
- FIDE World Cup 2015 Highlights (Chess.com)