Chess symbols in Unicode

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Font depictions of Unicode chess symbols (in the same order as the table). 1st: DejaVu Sans; 2nd: FreeSerif; 3rd: Quivira; 4th: Pecita.
A screenshot of the GNU Chess program in graphic mode showing the chessboard with Unicode characters.
GNU Chess using Unicode chess characters to display a chess board in the terminal.

Chess symbols are part of Unicode. Instead of using images, one can represent chess pieces by symbols that are defined in the Unicode character set. This makes it possible to:

In order to display or print these symbols, a device must have one or more fonts with good Unicode support installed, and the document (Web page, word processor document, etc.) it is displaying must use one of these fonts.[1]

Unicode version 12.0 has allocated a whole character block at 0x1FA00 for inclusion of extra chess piece representations. This standard points to several new characters being created in this block,[2] including rotated pieces and neutral (neither white nor black) pieces.

Unicode characters[edit]

In Unicode, chess symbols are in two groups:

The basic 12 chess pieces[edit]

Chess Symbols
Unicode.org chart (PDF)
Name Symbol Code point HTML (decimal) HTML (hex)
white chess king U+2654 ♔ ♔
white chess queen U+2655 ♕ ♕
white chess rook U+2656 ♖ ♖
white chess bishop U+2657 ♗ ♗
white chess knight U+2658 ♘ ♘
white chess pawn U+2659 ♙ ♙
black chess king U+265A ♚ ♚
black chess queen U+265B ♛ ♛
black chess rook U+265C ♜ ♜
black chess bishop U+265D ♝ ♝
black chess knight U+265E ♞ ♞
black chess pawn U+265F ♟ ♟

Fancy chess pieces[edit]

Chess Symbols[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1FA0x 🨀 🨁 🨂 🨃 🨄 🨅 🨆 🨇 🨈 🨉 🨊 🨋 🨌 🨍 🨎 🨏
U+1FA1x 🨐 🨑 🨒 🨓 🨔 🨕 🨖 🨗 🨘 🨙 🨚 🨛 🨜 🨝 🨞 🨟
U+1FA2x 🨠 🨡 🨢 🨣 🨤 🨥 🨦 🨧 🨨 🨩 🨪 🨫 🨬 🨭 🨮 🨯
U+1FA3x 🨰 🨱 🨲 🨳 🨴 🨵 🨶 🨷 🨸 🨹 🨺 🨻 🨼 🨽 🨾 🨿
U+1FA4x 🩀 🩁 🩂 🩃 🩄 🩅 🩆 🩇 🩈 🩉 🩊 🩋 🩌 🩍 🩎 🩏
U+1FA5x 🩐 🩑 🩒 🩓
U+1FA6x 🩠 🩡 🩢 🩣 🩤 🩥 🩦 🩧 🩨 🩩 🩪 🩫 🩬 🩭
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 14.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

Chessboard using Unicode[edit]

8
7 ♟︎
6
5
4
3
2
1
a b c d e f g h

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Test for Unicode support in Web browsers".
  2. ^ http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U1FA00.pdf[bare URL PDF]

External links[edit]

  • http://js1k.com/2010-first/demo/750 Playable chess in 1024 bytes of javascript. Entry in JS1k competition by Óscar Toledo G. Usage of Unicode Chess symbols enables a playable design and keep the code less than 1024 bytes.