Zonic Limited (Mac OS X)
Feral Interactive (Mac OS X)
|Platforms||MS Windows, MS-DOS, Game Boy, PlayStation Xbox 360, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation 2|
Chessmaster is a chess-playing computer game series which is now owned and developed by Ubisoft. It is the best-selling chess franchise in history, with more than five million units sold as of 2002[update].
- 1986: The Chessmaster series started with The Chessmaster 2000 by The Software Toolworks. It was published for Amiga, Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Atari ST, ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC, MSX, Macintosh, and DOS. The game had a chess engine written by David Kittinger, and the manufacturer rated the game at 2000 Elo USCF; in reality, it plays at approximately 1550-1600 Elo (1750-1800 USCF). In July of that year it became the first commercially available software to win the Personal Computer class of the United States Open Computer Chess Championship in Mobile, Alabama.
- 1988: The Fidelity Chessmaster 2100 was published for the Apple IIGS.
- 1989: The Fidelity Chessmaster 2100 was published for DOS.
- 1990: The Chessmaster was published for the NES, and the Game Boy.
- 1990: The Fidelity Chessmaster 2100 was published for the Amiga.
- 1991: The Chessmaster was published for the SNES.
- 1991: The Chessmaster was published for the Game Gear.
- 1991: Chessmaster 3000 was published for DOS, Windows 3.x.
- 1993: Chessmaster 4000 Turbo was published for Windows 3.x.
- 1993: Chessmaster 3000 was published for Macintosh.
- 1995: Chessmaster 4000 was published for Windows 95.
- 1995: Chessmaster 3D for PlayStation had the Chessmaster 4000 engine.
- 1996: Chessmaster 4000 was published for Macintosh.
- 1996: Chessmaster 5000 was published for Windows 95.
- 1997: Chessmaster 5500 was published for Windows 95.
- 1998: Chessmaster 6000 was published for Windows 95 and Windows 98 and Macintosh.
- 1999: Chessmaster 7000 was published for Windows 98 and Chessmaster II was published for PlayStation.
- 2000: Chessmaster 8000 was published for Windows 98.
- 2002: Chessmaster 9000 was published for Windows 98/ME/XP
- 2004: Chessmaster 10th Edition was published for Windows XP.
- 2004: Chessmaster 9000 was published for Mac OS X by Feral Interactive.
- 30 October 2007: The current version, Chessmaster XI, was released for PC (titled Chessmaster: Grandmaster Edition) and Nintendo DS (titled Chessmaster: The Art of Learning), and 12 February 2008 for PlayStation Portable (also titled Chessmaster: The Art of Learning). It includes numerous tutorials by International Master Joshua Waitzkin for players of all skill levels. Also contains the minigames Fork my fruit (which practices forking), Minesweeper (practices safety of pieces) and the tail game (where the player chooses a long-range chess piece, then trying to make a long tail using captured pieces, and avoiding the enemy pieces to capture the main piece or tail parts).
The Chessmaster chess engine is called The King, written by Johan de Koning of the Netherlands. It was introduced in Chessmaster 4000; earlier releases featured a chess engine written by David Kittinger.
According to the September 2009 Swedish Chess Computer Association (SSDF) rating list, Chessmaster 9000 has an estimated Elo rating of 2718 on an Athlon-1200 PC. If multiple versions of other engines are stripped out of their list, Chessmaster 9000 ranks 14th among all engines tested. As of May 2008[update], Chessmaster 9000 remains the most recent version rated by the SSDF. Another rating list, CCRL, places Chessmaster 11th Edition in 24th place on its December 2009 list.
The King engine allows users to create new playing styles, also called "personalities", by manipulating several dozen different settings, such as King Safety, Pawn Weakness, Randomness, Mobility and others. Individual piece values can also be adjusted. Chessmaster 9000, for example, features over 150 different personalities ranging from International Grandmaster strength down to Stanley, a chimpanzee who, in most situations, plays completely random moves.
The personality feature has inspired many amateur computer chess enthusiasts to attempt to find more optimum personalities. In Chessmaster 10th Edition, the creation of new personalities has been made easier than before.
- Larry Christiansen vs. Chessmaster 9000 (September 2002), annotated at GameKnot: Game 1, Game 2, Game 3, Game 4
Chessmaster won the four-game match against Christiansen held in September 2002, by a score of 2½-1½. The Chessmaster program was operated by John Merlino, the Project Manager of Chessmaster at the time of the match. Four different personalities were used in the match, the first three of which were based on famous human Grandmasters: Alexander Alekhine, Bobby Fischer, and Mikhail Botvinnik. The final game of the match used the default "Chessmaster" personality. Christiansen won the first game, lost the second and third games, and the fourth game resulted in a draw.
To date, various versions of Chessmaster have appeared on Amiga, Apple II, Apple IIGS, Atari 8-bit, Atari ST, Amstrad CPC, ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, DOS, PC, Macintosh, Nintendo Entertainment System, Super Nintendo Entertainment System, Game Boy, Game Boy Color, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo DS, Sega Genesis (as a Sega Channel exclusive), Sega Game Gear, PlayStation, PlayStation 2, Xbox, and mobile phones. Early Macintosh versions Chessmaster 3000 and 4000 were developed by Sebastian Rapport and Troy Heere that leveraged the Kittinger and de Koning engines respectively. Later Macintosh versions were ported by Feral Interactive, and the latest Macintosh version available is Chessmaster 9000. Ubisoft also offers a downloadable version of the game, Chessmaster Challenge, which differs from Chessmaster 10th Edition in its simplified interface and scaled-down tutorials.
The more recent editions of Chessmaster include both 2D and 3D designs, and a large number of different boards and themed chess piece designs. The interface was revised for Chessmaster 10th Edition and features animated 3D sets in which the pieces "walk" between squares and have simulated battles when a piece is taken, reminiscent of Battle Chess or the Wizard's chess set from Harry Potter. Chessmaster 10th Edition also comes packed with a pair of red and blue glasses to view the set in "enhanced 3D".
Xbox Live Arcade
This version of Chessmaster contained a bug allowing the white player to indefinitely hold up a match until a player resigned. The game was eventually patched so that neither player would gain or lose Elo points if they resign before the first move.
Compute! stated that Chessmaster 2000 "is now the yardstick for which other similar programs will be measured", and favorably cited Software Toolworks' decision to give all versions of the game the same sophisticated engine. In 1986, Computer Gaming World wrote of the IBM PC version, "I wish I could find something negative to include in this review but I can't ... It gets my absolute highest recommendation". It was noted that the game had a sophisticated defense, but would resign in hopeless situations without forcing the human to finish an inevitable win. The magazine also favorably reviewed the Amiga version, calling the graphics "exceptional" and concluding "highly recommended". Chessmaster 2000 became the first and only chess game to be the top-rated game in Computer Gaming World's reader poll, with a score of 7.25 out of 10. In 1988, it was among the first members of the magazine's Hall of Fame, honoring those games rated highly over time by readers. In 1989, the magazine found Chessmaster 2100's features "the clear winners" over Sargon 4, and in 1992 reported that Chessmaster 3000 had added "a lot" to its predecessors, with new tutorial features and a variety of computer opponents making the game "a truly impressive sequel".
Critical reaction to the Chessmaster series has been mostly positive. GameSpot commented that "Chessmaster has remained the consummate standard in console chess games since the '80s." IGN said that "the series itself remains the best way to play and learn about chess on the PC."
Chessmaster: Grandmaster Edition, the most recent PC edition of the series, scored positive reviews, with PC Gamer saying: "this one-stop shop for an entire chess-playing and learning family should last until you're all grandmasters." Chessmaster 10th Edition holds an 84% rating on review aggregator site Game Rankings. IGN gave Chessmaster 10th Edition a score of 8.4/10, calling it "the best chess game in town." GameSpot's review of Chessmaster 10th Edition said, "If you're looking for a good chess program that's packed with a plethora of features and all the bells and whistles, you'll be very happy with Chessmaster 10th Edition.
The mobile phone version of Chessmaster received a score of 9/10 from IGN, who called it "an absolutely superlative product that will be enjoyed for week after week by fans of the mental contest." IGN criticized the Nintendo DS version of Chessmaster: The Art of Learning for its lack of multiplayer, but gave it an overall positive review, with a score of 7.8/10. IGN criticized the "boring" presentation of the PlayStation Portable version of Chessmaster: The Art of Learning, but added that "there's no doubt that the information is valuable and can teach you the finer points of the game."
Although the Chessmaster engine is generally not as strong as the engines of other commercially available chess programs such as Fritz, critics have praised the Chessmaster series for its comprehensive tutorials aimed at players of amateur and moderate skill levels. In its review of Chessmaster 9000, IGN said that "the series has always distinguished itself with first-rate chess teaching tools," and welcomed the game's "appeal towards inexperienced and mid-level players. With all manner of tutorials, detailed analysis and exercises, the game helps ease newbies into the experience." GameSpot's review of Chessmaster 10th Edition commented positively on the game's "huge bundle of features aimed at everyone from the neophyte who's looking to learn the basics to the advanced wood pusher who may need practice for tournament play."
A common criticism of the series has been the lack of new features in successive installments. IGN's review of Chessmaster 10th Edition commented, "it simply doesn't add enough over any of the last two versions to make it a necessary upgrade."
- Chessmaster 9000 Review
- Chessmaster 2000 rating
- Oxner, Bill (November 1986). "The Chessmaster 2000" (PDF). Computer Gaming World. No. 32. p. 44. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Chessmaster 3d Review
- Chessmaster II at GameFAQs. Accessed March 24, 2013.
- "The SSDF Rating List". Retrieved 30 April 2008.
- "CCRL 40/40 - Pure List". 4 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Chessmaster 9000 Defeats Reigning US Chess Champion Larry Christiansen; Chessmaster Wins Four Game Match 2.5 to 1.5 Via Live Internet Broadcast on ChessClub.com". Business Wire. 1 October 2002.
- "Search Games - Chessmaster". GameFAQs. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
- Chessmaster Challenge Ubisoft
- Trunzo, James V. (November 1986). "Chessmaster 2000". Compute!. p. 68. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- Wagner, Roy (December 1986). "Amiga Preferences" (PDF). Computer Gaming World. No. 33. p. 45. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Sipe, Russell (November 1992). "3900 Games Later..." (PDF). Computer Gaming World. No. 100. p. 8. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "The CGW Hall of Fame" (PDF). Computer Gaming World. No. 45. March 1988. p. 44. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Wagner, Roy (September 1989). "Chessmaster 2100 vs. Sargon 4" (PDF). Computer Gaming World. pp. 20–21. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- Carter, Tim (August 1992). "Software Toolworks' Chessmaster 3000". Computer Gaming World. pp. 42–43. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- New Games Cross Review - チェスマスター. Weekly Famitsu. No.323. Pg.39. 24 February 1995.
- NEW GAMES CROSS REVIEW: チェスマスター. Weekly Famicom Tsūshin. No.307. Pg.40. 4 November 1994.
- Chessmaster mobile review, GameSpot, 15 June 2004
- Chessmaster 10th Edition review, IGN, 26 August 2004
- PC Gamer, Chessmaster: Grandmaster Edition review, April 2008, p.64
- Chessmaster 10th Edition, Game Rankings
- Chessmaster 10th Edition review, GameSpot, 7 September 2004
- Chessmaster mobile review, IGN, 7 July 2004
- Chessmaster: The Art of Learning - DS review, IGN, 4 December 2007
- Chessmaster: The Art of Learning - PSP review, IGN, 28 February 2008
- Chessmaster 8000 vs. Fritz 6, Roger McIntyre, Logical Chess
- Chessmaster 9000 vs. Fritz 6, Roger McIntyre, Logical Chess
- Chessmaster 9000 review, IGN, 17 September 2002
- The MS-DOS version of The Fidelity Chessmaster 2100 can be played for free in the browser at the Internet Archive
- Chessmaster XI website
- The Chessmaster 2000 review @ The DOS Spirit (Norwegian)