|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)|
A building in Chester
|Nickname: Home of Popeye|
|Elevation||669 ft (204 m)|
|Area||5.82 sq mi (15 km2)|
|- land||5.81 sq mi (15 km2)|
|- water||0.02 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||1,475 / sq mi (570 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Chester, Illinois|
Chester is a city located on the bluffs of the Mississippi River Valley in Randolph County, Illinois, United States. The population was 8,586 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Randolph County and is located 61 miles (98 km) south of St. Louis, Missouri.
- 1 History
- 2 Home of "Popeye"
- 3 Parks and historic sites
- 4 Bridges
- 5 Media
- 6 Claims to fame
- 7 Geography
- 8 Demographics
- 9 Government and infrastructure
- 10 Economy
- 11 Education
- 12 Religious affiliations
- 13 Notable people
- 14 Notes and references
- 15 External links
Samuel Smith built the first home in Chester, established a ferry system, and began the construction of a mill in 1829. He is said to be the town's founder. It was his wife Jane Smith, a native of Chester, England, who gave Chester its name as a tribute to her home town. The first business in Chester was a general store that opened in 1830 along with a castor oil press established by R. B. Servant, who furnished farmers with seed and growing methods to later buy the beans they produced for oil extraction. This was a flourishing business until the petroleum industry made it obsolete. The first wedding in the town of Chester was held on February 4, 1834. Content Walker, the bride and Amzi Andrews, the groom held their wedding in a 16 feet square log cabin.
Cole Milling Company
The H.C. Cole Milling Company was founded by Nathan Cole in 1839. It started out as a small sawmill with a corn-grinding attachment which encouraged the townspeople to plant grains, and in a short time the first Cole flour mill was built. The mill still exists in Chester but it is now operated by Ardent Mills. Nathan Cole also brought the first electric generator to Chester and used the surplus of power from the mill to operate street lights. This was a modern convenience that was not even available in Chicago at that point. The generator is now on display at the Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan.
International Shoe Company
In 1916, Messrs. Bronson, Albert Gilster, Frank Wolff and John Herschbach developed the site for the International Shoe Company in the center of town where the Gilster Mary Lee Corp. is today. In 1922, a second building was built, and the company had more than 1000 employees and was producing thousands of pairs of children's shoes. << During World War Two, the factory operated primarily by women produced military/combat boots for the troops in service. Lenora Mae Tilton Hathaway was a shop foreman during this time. Anecdotal account directly from Lenora Mae Tilton Hathaway to her son Vaughn Edward Hathaway, Jr.. Mrs Hathaway worked at the factory until her death in 1947. >> In 1953, payroll reached over $2,000,000. The factory was closed by the company in the early 1960s after 45 years of operation.
Prim Hosiery Mill
In 1925, the Prim Hosiery Mill was a knitting mill that began operations under Joshua Richman with 50 employees. The mill grew to employ more than 275 people and produced over 300,000 pairs of stockings a month with annual payroll exceeding $700,000. The knitting mill continued operations through the 1960s. The building still stands as one of the Gilster Mary Lee Corp. factory buildings.
Construction began for the Chester Pool in 1939 as part of a Works Progress Administration (WPA) public works program to create employment during the Great Depression. It was completed in 1941, although due to the delivery of the filtration system being delayed it did not officially open until May 30, 1942, under the management of William Weber. A total of 250 swimmers visited the swimming pool in the first week and were charged 15 cents for weekdays and 25 cents for weekends. The pool is still in operation each summer. [The pool is currently closed due to water leakage. City authorities are still debating (May 2015) whether to repair the pool or convert it to some other use. Citizens are sharply divided on the issue.]
Home of "Popeye"
Chester is the "Home of Popeye," where a 6-foot (1.8 m), 900-pound (410 kg) bronze statue of Popeye the Sailor Man stands in the Elzie C. Segar Memorial Park, which honors Popeye's creator, Elzie Segar. The park is located next to the Chester Bridge. Several of Mr. Segar's characters were created from experiences with people of Chester. Chester's big event is its annual Popeye Picnic and parade, held the weekend after Labor Day. Popeye fans travel from all over the United States and the world to partake in the weekend activities. Most of the events and entertainment are free and family friendly.
New statues honoring the other Thimble Theater characters are added each year. This character trail is spread throughout Chester and to date includes:
- Popeye the Sailor Man
- J. Wellington Wimpy (2006)
- "Olive Oyl, Swee' Pea, and Jeep" (2007)
- "Bluto" (2008)
- "Castor Oyl and Whiffle Hen" (2009)
- "Sea Hag" (2010)
- "Cole Oyl" (2011)
- "Alice The Goon" (2012)
Popeye's Picnic and Parade
Popeye's Picnic is an event held in Chester the Friday, Saturday and Sunday following Labor Day in the month of September. Popeye's Picnic consists of rides, food stands, music, and fireworks. In the past there were talent shows and ghost tours, an airplane show, a bazaar at St. John's Lutheran School, a small petting zoo, horseback rides and games for children, a sand sculpture representing the theme of that year's picnic, and more. The Popeye Parade is held on a Saturday morning. Before the parade there is a walk and run for anyone who wants to participate. Medals and trophies are awarded to the top runners and walkers in each age category. A Popeye T-shirt is included with each entry. Many people from different towns participate in this parade. The parade consists of local school bands, band fronts, such as dance teams and cheerleaders, floats from various businesses, fire departments, veterans representing the United States, politicians marching, clowns passing out stickers and candy, and finally horses trail the parade. Many people and businesses help sponsor the picnic and donate money and time.
Parks and historic sites
The Chester area includes a number of state parks and historic sites. The Fort Kaskaskia State Historic Site has a beautiful overlook of the Mississippi River. Down the hill from the park is the Pierre Menard Home, an unusually fine example of French Creole-style architecture, which was built around 1815 and was the home of the first lieutenant governor of Illinois. Across the river from the fort is Kaskaskia Island, the only part of Illinois west of the current channel of the Mississippi River. The island was the site of the first state capital of Illinois. A historic church founded by French explorer Pere Jacques Marquette still holds weekly mass on the island. The Liberty Bell of the West, older than the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia, is located near the church on the island and was a gift from King Louis XV of France. Five miles northeast of Chester is the Randolph County State Recreation Area, which has a 65-acre (260,000 m2) lake for fishing as well as hiking and equestrian trails. South of Chester is the Turkey Bluffs State Fish and Wildlife Area, which has many scenic overlooks and trails to spot its namesake turkeys. Part of the Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge, a division of the Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge Complex, is located along the Mississippi River at Chester. Chester's Evergreen Cemetery is the burial site of the first governor of Illinois, Shadrach Bond, and U.S. Senator Elias Kent Kane, Illinois' first Secretary of State and architect of the state constitution. A monument to Bond is also located within the cemetery. Additionally, Cole Memorial Park is located within the city limits of Chester.
Chester is connected to Perry County, Missouri via a river bridge known as the Chester Bridge. The Chester Bridge was first constructed on August 23, 1942, as a toll bridge. Sections of this bridge were destroyed by a storm in July 1944, but it was reopened in August 1946. Tolls ceased to be collected on January 1, 1989.
Chester now has Channel 10 through Cable TV. It broadcasts events, post announcements and upcoming community events, relays emergency notices and much more to the citizens of Chester. Students from the Chester Grade School contribute daily broadcasts from the school.
Claims to fame
On April 11, 1842, Charles Dickens, the author of A Christmas Carol and Great Expectations, visited Chester with his wife. Mark Twain, the author of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, a pilot on the Mississippi River between 1857 and the Civil War, supposedly on many of his trips stayed at Chester's Cliff House, a fine river hostelry. Twain also mentioned the blue windows of Chester's Cohen Home, visible from the Mississippi, in his book Life on the Mississippi.
In the January 1978 issue of Official UFO Pulp Fiction Magazine, editor Myron Fass claimed that UFOs had attacked and entirely destroyed (or in his words 'Destructed') the town of Chester, Illinois, on the night of August 2, 1977. After mainstream Press reporters interviewed Chester residents, who obviously suffered no UFO attack, Fass claimed the aliens had instantly rebuilt the town and erased most residents' memories of the attack.
Chester is located at (37.913947, -89.823140).
According to the 2010 census, Chester has a total area of 5.826 square miles (15.09 km2), of which 5.81 square miles (15.05 km2) (or 99.73%) is land and 0.016 square miles (0.04 km2) (or 0.27%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,400 people, 2,018 households, and 1,283 families residing in the city. The population density was 879.9 people per square mile (339.9/km²). There were 2,229 housing units at an average density of 378.3 per square mile (146.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.87% White, 3.59% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the population.
There were 2,018 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 105.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $39,079, and the median income for a family was $49,426. Males had a median income of $36,103 versus $22,239 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,190. About 5.4% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 13.7% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The Illinois Department of Corrections Menard Correctional Center is located in Chester. Prior to the January 11, 2003 commutation of death row sentences, male death row inmates were housed in Menard, Tamms, and Pontiac correctional centers. After that date, only Pontiac continued to host the male death row.
Large employers include the private label food company Gilster-Mary Lee, Corp., the maximum security Menard Correctional Center, and the maximum security forensics mental health center, Chester Mental Health Center.
Chester Community Unit School District No. 139 consists of two schools, Chester High School and Chester Grade School.
St. John's Lutheran School and St. Mary's School are Chester's parochial schools.
There are eleven churches located in Chester. These churches consist of the New Life First Pentecostal Church, First Baptist Church, First Christian Church of Chester, Family Worship Center Assembly of God, First Presbyterian Church, First Apostolic Pentecostal Church, First United Methodist Church, Grace Church Ministries, Peace Lutheran Church ELCA, St. John Lutheran Church LCMS, and St. Mary's Help of Christians Church.
- E.C. Segar, creator of Popeye
- Shadrach Bond, first Governor of Illinois
- Pierre Menard, first Lieutenant Governor of Illinois
- U.S. Senator Elias Kane, architect of the Constitution of Illinois
- William Hartzell, U.S. Representative
- Frank Derickson, former mayor
- Nora Lane, actress
Notes and references
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Chester city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
- Allen, John W. (January 11, 1963). "Place Names Have Colorful History". The Southeast Missourian. p. 6. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Gordon,Eileen.A History Of Chester, Illinois 1829-1979.Taylor Publishing Company, 1979. Print.
- Gordon, Eileen."A History Of Chester, Illinois 1829-1979." Taylor Publishing Company, 1979. Print.
- "Character Trail". City of Chester website. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
- Gonzalez, Jennifer. "Sea Hag Statue Unveiled During Popeye Picnic" Randolph County Herald Tribune [Chester, Il] 15 September 2010 A1. Print.
- "30th Annual Popeye Picnic". City of Chester website. Retrieved 2009-11-15.[dead link]
- Kaskaskia Island
- Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge
- "A Bit of a Chester History Lesson". City of Chester. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
- "Titles with locations including Chester, Illinois, USA". IMDB.com. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- http://ufologie.patrickgross.org/htm/o.htm#officialufo. Missing or empty
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-26.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Menard Correctional Center." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
- "Chester city, Illinois." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
- "DOC Report Online." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
- "Welcome to Chester". City of Chester website. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chester, Illinois.|
- City of Chester official website
- Randolph County Herald Tribune
- Sun Times News Online
- 618 Football - Chester Yellow Jackets