Chester, Virginia

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Chester, Virginia
Chester Station replica in downtown Chester
Chester Station replica in downtown Chester
Location of Chester, Virginia
Location of Chester, Virginia
Coordinates: 37°21′12″N 77°26′9″W / 37.35333°N 77.43583°W / 37.35333; -77.43583Coordinates: 37°21′12″N 77°26′9″W / 37.35333°N 77.43583°W / 37.35333; -77.43583
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyChesterfield
Area
 • Total13.3 sq mi (34.4 km2)
 • Land13.2 sq mi (34.1 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
174 ft (53 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total23,414
 • Density1,800/sq mi (680/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
23831, 23836
Area code804
FIPS code51-16096[1]
GNIS feature ID1492754[2]

Chester is a census-designated place (CDP) in Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States. Per the 2020 census, the population was 23,414.[3]

History[edit]

Chester, Virginia station on the Seaboard Air Line, 1914

Chester's original "downtown" was a stop which was an intersection of the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad, running north to south, and the Clover Hill Railroad, which became the Brighthope Railway, then the Farmville and Powhatan Railroad. In 1900, when the Richmond and Petersburg merged with the Atlantic Coast Line, that new railroad intersected the same east west railroad which became the Tidewater and Western Railroad in 1905.[4]

The Seaboard Air Line also passed through in 1900 running north to south which to day is replaced with Chester Linear Park. Chester today is a bedroom community along State Route 10. Recent commercial development in Chester has emerged at the sprawling intersection of SR 10 and U.S. Route 1 (Jefferson Davis Highway) near the on-ramp to Interstate 95.

In April, 1781, during the American Revolution, the Osborne's Landing area of Chester was the site of the Action at Osborne's in which General Benedict Arnold destroyed much of Virginia's navy.

In May, 1864, the Chester Station was the scene of the Battle of Chester Station during the Bermuda Hundred Campaign of the American Civil War.The area was damaged by Hurricane Isabel in 2003.

Geography[edit]

Chester is located at 37°21′12″N 77°26′9″W / 37.35333°N 77.43583°W / 37.35333; -77.43583 (37.353449, -77.435767).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 13.3 square miles (34.4 km2), of which 13.2 square miles (34.1 km2) is land, and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2) (0.90%) is water.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
200017,890
201020,98717.3%
202023,41411.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2010[8] 2020[9]

2020 census[edit]

Chester CDP, Virginia – Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[8] Pop 2020[9] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 14,182 13,025 67.58% 55.63%
Black or African American alone (NH) 4,010 5,644 19.11% 24.11%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 73 57 0.35% 0.24%
Asian alone (NH) 465 493 2.22% 2.11%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 9 20 0.04% 0.09%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 38 167 0.18% 0.71%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 449 973 2.14% 4.16%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,761 3,035 8.39% 12.96%
Total 20,987 23,414 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[1] there were 17,890 people, 6,727 households and 5,119 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 531.7/km2 (1,377.1/mi2). There were 6,951 housing units at an average density of 206.6/km2 (535.1/mi2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 81.3% White, 13.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 6,727 households, of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.04.

Age distribution was 28.3% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median household income was $53,171, and the median family income was $60,632. Males had a median income of $44,167 versus $30,295 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $23,258. About 6.5% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Local media[edit]

Chester is served by the local newspaper The Village News, which has a circulation of approximately 12,000, and is distributed at 230 locations in the area. As a southern suburb of metro Richmond, Chester is also in the Richmond-Petersburg media market served by the Richmond Times-Dispatch.

Education[edit]

Chester is served by Chesterfield County Public Schools. Students are also able to apply to Appomattox Regional Governor's School for the Arts And Technology and Maggie L. Walker Governor's School for Government and International Studies.

Schools include Thomas Dale High School, Matoaca High School, L. C. Bird High School, Carver Middle School, Enon Elementary, Marguerite Christian Elementary, C.E. Curtis Elementary, C.C. Wells Elementary, Ecoff Elementary, Harrowgate Elementary, Elizabeth N. Scott Elementary, and Elizabeth Davis Middle School.

The city is also home to Brightpoint Community College (originally known as John Tyler Community College). During the 2020-21 school year, Brightpoint served nearly 13,000 students.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "Chester CDP, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  4. ^ "Moving Forward…The Comprehensive Plan For Chesterfield County,CHAPTER 8: HISTORICAL & CULTURAL RESOURCES". Chesterfield, Virginia. p. 55. Archived from the original on April 13, 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Chester CDP, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
  7. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Chester CDP, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Chester CDP, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.

External links[edit]