Chesterfield, Massachusetts

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Chesterfield, Massachusetts
Town
Chesterfield Post Office
Chesterfield Post Office
Official seal of Chesterfield, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Hampshire County in Massachusetts
Location in Hampshire County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°23′30″N 72°50′25″W / 42.39167°N 72.84028°W / 42.39167; -72.84028Coordinates: 42°23′30″N 72°50′25″W / 42.39167°N 72.84028°W / 42.39167; -72.84028
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyHampshire
Settled1760
Incorporated1762
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total31.2 sq mi (80.9 km2)
 • Land30.8 sq mi (79.9 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
Elevation1,427 ft (435 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,222
 • Density40/sq mi (15.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code01012
Area code(s)413
FIPS code25-13590
GNIS feature ID0618197
Websitewww.townofchesterfieldma.com

Chesterfield is a rural hill town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States, 26 miles (42 km) east of Pittsfield and 90 miles (140 km) west of Boston. The population was 1,222 at the 2010 census.[1] It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Chesterfield was first settled in 1760 and was officially incorporated in 1762. It was named after the Earl of Chesterfield.[2] The town center, established after the Revolution, has well-preserved Federal period houses along Main Road. In its early days, the town supported a largely agricultural economy, with wool from Merino sheep as a major product. However, there were sawmills and tanneries in operation as well as cloth dressing mills, and in the early 19th century these superseded farming and brought in a small immigrant population that was mostly Irish. Progress wiped out most of the industry in Chesterfield, and by the start of the 20th century a re-emerging agricultural economy developed alongside the growing trade from summer residents.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.2 square miles (80.9 km2), of which 30.8 square miles (79.9 km2) are land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), or 1.27%, are water.[1] Chesterfield's location is nearly equidistant from the northern, southern and western state lines of Massachusetts.

Chesterfield is located in the Hilltowns region of Massachusetts, 52 miles (84 km) north of Hartford, Connecticut, 108 miles (174 km) west of Boston, 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Springfield, 64 miles (103 km) southeast of Albany, New York, 26 miles (42 km) east of Pittsfield, and 160 miles (260 km) northeast of New York City.

Points of interest[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18501,014—    
1860897−11.5%
1870811−9.6%
1880769−5.2%
1890608−20.9%
1900611+0.5%
1910536−12.3%
1920441−17.7%
1930420−4.8%
1940422+0.5%
1950496+17.5%
1960556+12.1%
1970704+26.6%
19801,000+42.0%
19901,048+4.8%
20001,201+14.6%
20101,222+1.7%

At the 2000 census,[3] there were 1,201 people, 447 households and 324 families residing in the town. The population density was 38.6 per square mile (14.9/km²). There were 524 housing units at an average density of 16.8 per square mile (6.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.67% White, 0.25% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.08% of the population.

There were 447 households of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. Of all households, 18.8% were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.09.

25.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 54 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median household income was $49,063 and the median family income was $57,361. Males had a median income of $35,417 versus $27,788 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,220. About 3.4% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Chesterfield town, Hampshire County, Massachusetts". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  2. ^ "Profile for Chesterfield, Massachusetts". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]