Chesterfield (UK Parliament constituency)

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Chesterfield
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Chesterfield in Derbyshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Derbyshire within England.
County Derbyshire
Population 93,248 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 72,866 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlements Chesterfield
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Toby Perkins (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Derbyshire East
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Chesterfield is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since the 2010 general election by Toby Perkins of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The current boundaries include the town of Chesterfield, together with areas to the north towards Dronfield and to the east towards Bolsover, comprising the Borough of Chesterfield wards: Brimington North, Brimington South, Brockwell, Dunston, Hasland, Hollingwood and Inkersall, Holmebrook, Linacre, Loundsley Green, Middlecroft and Poolsbrook, Moor, Old Whittington, Rother, St Helen’s, St Leonard’s, Walton, and West.[3] The other two Borough of Chesterfield wards (Barrow Hill and New Whittington; Lowgates and Woodthorpe) fall within the neighbouring North East Derbyshire seat.[3] Boundary changes before the 2010 general election, when the Mid Derbyshire constituency was created, meant that Chesterfield lost New Whittington to North East Derbyshire but otherwise retained its shape.

The town of Chesterfield lies just outside the Peak District southwest of Sheffield. Its best known landmark is the Church of St Mary and All Saints, commonly known as the 'Crooked Spire'. The constituency borders the constituencies of Bolsover and Derbyshire North East.

History[edit]

Chesterfield has mainly been a Labour seat with periods when it has been held by other parties, and was gained by the Liberal Democrats in 2001 and held by them until 2010. Chesterfield was a Labour Party safe seat from 1935 until 2001. Andrew Cavendish, later the Duke of Devonshire, was the National Liberal candidate at the 1945 and 1950 elections.

The seat was held in succession by two prominent Labour politicians for over 35 years. The former Labour cabinet minister Eric Varley held the seat from October 1964 to January 1984 and was succeeded by his ex-government colleague Tony Benn, who held the seat following a by-election in March 1984 and remained the town's MP until his retirement in 2001 to "spend more time involved in politics." Benn had been a Labour Cabinet Minister between 1966–70 and 1974-1979. while Varley was in the Wilson and Callaghan cabinets in the later period. Paul Holmes gained the seat for the Liberal Democrats at the 2001 general election, the party's first seat in the East Midlands in the House of Commons, but narrowly lost the seat in 2010 to the Labour candidate Toby Perkins; one of only three seats the Labour Party gained in the 2010 election. In 2015, a collapse in the Liberal Democrat vote had them fall to fourth place and the Conservatives moving into second, with Labour having their largest majority in the seat since 1979.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member[4][5] Party
1885 Alfred Barnes Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Thomas Bayley Liberal
1906 James Haslam Lib-Lab
1910 Labour
1913 Barnet Kenyon Lib-Lab
1918 Liberal
1929 George Benson Labour
1931 Roger Conant Conservative
1935 George Benson Labour
1964 Eric Varley Labour
1984 Tony Benn Labour
2001 Paul Holmes Liberal Democrat
2010 Toby Perkins Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Chesterfield[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Toby Perkins 21,829 47.9 +8.9
Conservative Mark Vivis 8,231 18.1 +2.3
UKIP Stuart Yeowart[8] 7,523 16.5 +13.4
Liberal Democrat Julia Cambridge[9] 6,301 13.8 -24
Green Matthew Genn[10] 1,352 3 +1.7
TUSC Matt Whale[11] 202 0.4 +0.4
Peace Tommy Holgate[12] 129 0.3 +0.3
Majority 13,598 29.8 +28.6
Turnout 45,567 63.2 -0.6
Labour hold Swing +3.3

At the 2015 general election, this seat was the 25th most marginal constituency in Great Britain, the Liberal Democrats requiring a swing from Labour of 0.6% to take the seat (based on the result of the 2010 general election).[13]

General Election 2010: Chesterfield[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Toby Perkins 17,891 39.0 -1.6
Liberal Democrat Paul Holmes 17,342 37.8 -9.1
Conservative Carolyn Abbott 7,214 15.7 +7.5
UKIP David Phillips 1,432 3.1 +0.9
English Democrats Ian Jerram 1,213 2.6 +0.8
Green Duncan Kerr 600 1.3 N/A
Independent John "Noneoftheabove" Daramy 147 0.3 N/A
Majority 549 1.2 N/A
Turnout 45,839 63.8 +3.8
Labour gain from Liberal Democrat Swing +3.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Chesterfield [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Paul Holmes 20,875 47.3 -0.5
Labour Simon Rich 17,830 40.4 -1.6
Conservative Mark Kreling 3,605 8.2 +0.1
UKIP Christopher Brady 997 2.3 N/A
English Democrats Ian Jerram 814 1.8 N/A
Majority 3,045 6.9 +1.1
Turnout 44,121 59.6 -1.1
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +0.6
General Election 2001: Chesterfield [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Paul Holmes 21,249 47.8 +8.3
Labour Reg Race 18,663 42.0 -8.8
Conservative Simon Hitchcock 3,613 8.1 -1.1
Socialist Alliance Jeannie Robinson 437 1.0 N/A
Socialist Labour Bill Harrison 295 0.7 N/A
Independent Christopher Rawson 184 0.4 N/A
Majority 2,586 5.8 N/A
Turnout 44,441 60.7 -10.2
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Swing +8.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Chesterfield [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony Benn 26,105 50.8 +3.5
Liberal Democrat Anthony Hugh Rogers 20,330 39.6 +3.8
Conservative Martin Potter 4,752 9.2 -7.7
Independent Norman Scarth 202 0.4 N/A
Majority 5,775 11.2 -0.3
Turnout 51,389 78.0 -0.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Chesterfield [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony Benn 26,461 47.3 +1.8
Liberal Democrat Anthony Hugh Rogers 20,047 35.8 +6.2
Conservative PG Lewis 9,473 16.9 -8.0
Majority 6,414 11.5 -4.4
Turnout 55,981 78.1 +1.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Chesterfield [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony Benn 24,532 44.9 -1.6
Liberal Anthony Hugh Rogers 15,955 29.6 -5.1
Conservative Ronald Peter Grant 13,472 25.0 +9.8
Majority 8,577 15.9 +4.1
Turnout 53,959 76.7 -0.2
Labour hold Swing
Chesterfield by-election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony Benn 24,633 46.5 -1.6
Liberal Max Payne 18,369 34.7 +15.1
Conservative Nick Bourne 8,028 15.2 -17.3
Independent Bill Maynard 1,355 2.6 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 178 0.3 N/A
Independent David Bentley 116 0.2 N/A
Independent John Davey 83 0.2 N/A
Independent Thomas Layton 46 0.1 N/A
Independent Helen Anscombe 34 0.1 N/A
Independent Jitendra Bardwaj 33 0.1 N/A
Independent Donald Butler 24 0.1 N/A
Independent Paul Nicholls-Jones 22 0.0 N/A
Independent Sid Shaw 20 0.0 N/A
Independent Christopher Hill 17 0.0 N/A
Independent Giancarlo Piccaro 15 0.0 N/A
Independent David Cahill 12 0.0 N/A
Independent John Connell 7 0.0 N/A
Majority 6,264 11.8 -3.8
Turnout 52,992 76.9 +4.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Chesterfield [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Varley 23,881 48.1 -9.3
Conservative Nick Bourne 16,118 32.4 +0.2
Liberal Democrat Max Payne 9,705 19.5 +9.1
Majority 7,763 15.6 -9.5
Turnout 49,704 72.6 -0.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Varley 31,049 57.4
Conservative S. Hill 17,445 32.2
Liberal M. Payne 5,617 10.4
Majority 13,604 25.1
Turnout 73.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Varley 30,953 59.9
Conservative J. D. Taylor 13,393 25.9
Liberal M. W. Brown 7,349 14.2
Majority 17,560 34.0
Turnout 72.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Varley 31,040 54.8
Conservative J. D. Taylor 15,644 27.6
Liberal M. W. Brown 9,937 17.6
Majority 15,396 27.2
Turnout 80.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Varley 30,386 59.0
Conservative John C Ramsden 16,217 31.5
Liberal Terence D Bamford 4,891 9.5
Majority 14,169 27.5
Turnout 72.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Varley 31,542 61.6
Conservative Alan T Hale 13,443 26.3
Liberal Terence D. Bamford 6,227 12.2
Majority 18,099 35.3
Turnout 76.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Varley 29,452 56.5
Conservative William G Blake 14,944 28.7
Liberal Derek A McKie 7,738 14.8
Majority 14,508 27.8
Turnout 78.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Benson 30,534 56.6
National Liberal James Anthony Lemkin 17,084 31.7
Liberal Geoffrey R. Smedley-Stevenson 6,360 11.8
Majority 13,450 24.9
Turnout 82.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Benson 29,602 57.7
National Liberal Frank Hadfield 21,748 42.4
Majority 7,854 15.3
Turnout 79.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Benson 34,753 63.7
National Liberal John F. Nash 19,776 36.3
Majority 14,977 27.5
Turnout 84.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Benson 33,914 60.8
National Liberal Andrew Cavendish 17,231 30.9
Liberal John William O'Neill 4,052 7.3
Communist B. Barker 554 1.0
Majority 16,683 29.9
Turnout 87.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Benson 29,459 62.8
Liberal National Marquess of Hartington 17,424 37.2
Majority 12,035 25.7
Turnout 46,883 77.4
Labour hold Swing

General Election 1939/40:

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Labour: George Benson,

  • Conservative:

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Benson 21,439 50.94
Conservative Roger John Edward Conant 16,555 39.33
Liberal R G Hill 4,096 9.73
Majority 4,884 11.60
Turnout 79.78
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Roger John Edward Conant 23,026 57.46
Labour George Benson 17,046 42.54
Majority 5,980 14.92
Turnout 80.02
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election, 1929: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Benson 20,296 54.1 +14.4
Unionist Roger John Edward Conant 9,915 26.4 n/a
Liberal Harry Cropper 7,329 19.5 -40.8
Majority 10,381 27.7 48.3
Turnout 37,540 77.8 +13.4
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election, 1924: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Barnet Kenyon 13,971 60.3 +9.4
Labour George Benson 9,206 39.7 +13.8
Majority
Turnout 23,177 64.4
Liberal hold Swing
Barnet Kenyon
General Election 6 December 1923:
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Barnet Kenyon 12,164 50.9 n/a
Labour George Benson 6,198 25.9 n/a
Unionist R F H Broomhead-Colton-Fox 5,541 23.2 n/a
Majority 5,966 25.0 n/a
Turnout 23,903 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Barnet Kenyon unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Kenyon
Chesterfield by-election, 1913
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Barnet Kenyon 7,725 55.8
Unionist Edward Christie 5,539 40.0
Independent Labour John Scurr 583 4.2
Turnout 81.5
Majority 2,186 15.8
Liberal gain from Labour Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Chesterfield: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". legislation.gov.uk. IN DERBYSHIRE AND DERBY: The National Archives. p. 29. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Chesterfield 1885-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ Chesterfield parliamentary constituency BBC
  8. ^ https://twitter.com/stuyog/status/564927453525991424
  9. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/chesterfield-2015.html
  10. ^ http://derbyshiregreenparty.org.uk/elections/
  11. ^ http://www.tusc.org.uk/txt/328.pdf
  12. ^ "Peace Party". Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  13. ^ Ransome Mpini; Charlotte Thornton; John Walton; Marcelo Zanni (24 February 2014). "Election 2015: The political battleground". BBC News. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
Sources

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°15′N 1°24′W / 53.25°N 1.40°W / 53.25; -1.40