Chesterfield (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Chesterfield in Derbyshire for the 2010 general election.
Location of Derbyshire within England.
|Population||93,248 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||72,866 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Toby Perkins (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Derbyshire East|
|European Parliament constituency||East Midlands|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Election results
- 4.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 4.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 4.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 4.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 4.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 4.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 4.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 4.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 4.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 4.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 4.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 4.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 4.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 4.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 External links
The current boundaries include the town of Chesterfield, together with areas to the north towards Dronfield and to the east towards Bolsover, comprising the Borough of Chesterfield wards: Brimington North, Brimington South, Brockwell, Dunston, Hasland, Hollingwood and Inkersall, Holmebrook, Linacre, Loundsley Green, Middlecroft and Poolsbrook, Moor, Old Whittington, Rother, St Helen’s, St Leonard’s, Walton, and West. The other two Borough of Chesterfield wards (Barrow Hill and New Whittington; Lowgates and Woodthorpe) fall within the neighbouring North East Derbyshire seat. Boundary changes before the 2010 general election, when the Mid Derbyshire constituency was created, meant that Chesterfield lost New Whittington to North East Derbyshire but otherwise retained its shape.
The town of Chesterfield lies just outside the Peak District southwest of Sheffield. Its best known landmark is the Church of St Mary and All Saints, commonly known as the Crooked Spire. The constituency borders the constituencies of Bolsover and Derbyshire North East.
Chesterfield has mainly been a Labour seat with periods when it has been held by other parties, and was gained by the Liberal Democrats in 2001 and held by them until 2010. Chesterfield was a Labour Party safe seat from 1935 until 2001. Andrew Cavendish, later the Duke of Devonshire, was the National Liberal candidate at the 1945 and 1950 elections.
The seat was held in succession by two prominent Labour politicians for over 35 years. The former Labour cabinet minister Eric Varley held the seat from October 1964 to January 1984 and was succeeded by his ex-government colleague Tony Benn, who held the seat following a by-election in March 1984 and remained the town's MP until his retirement from the House of Commons in 2001 to "spend more time on politics", which he said in a his famous speech. Benn had been a Labour Cabinet Minister between 1966–70 and 1974-1979. while Varley was in the Wilson and Callaghan cabinets in the later period. Paul Holmes gained the seat for the Liberal Democrats at the 2001 general election, the party's first Commons seat in the East Midlands, but were narrowly defeated at the 2010 to the Labour candidate Toby Perkins; one of only three seats the Labour Party gained at the 2010 general election. In 2015, a collapse in the Liberal Democrat vote nationwide had them fall nehind to fourth place and the Conservatives moving into second, with Labour having their largest majority in the seat since 1979.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Snowdon||2,612||5.4||8.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Julia Cambridge||6,301||13.8||-24|
At the 2015 general election, this seat was the 25th most marginal constituency in Great Britain, the Liberal Democrats requiring a swing from Labour of 0.6% to take the seat (based on the result of the 2010 general election).
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Holmes||17,342||37.8||-9.1|
|English Democrat||Ian Jerram||1,213||2.6||+0.8|
|Independent||John "Noneoftheabove" Daramy||147||0.3||N/A|
|Labour gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+3.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Holmes||20,875||47.3||-0.5|
|English Democrat||Ian Jerram||814||1.8||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Holmes||21,249||47.8||+8.3|
|Socialist Alliance||Jeannie Robinson||437||1.0||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Bill Harrison||295||0.7||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Labour||Swing||+8.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Anthony Rogers||20,330||39.6||+3.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Anthony Rogers||20,047||35.8||+6.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||178||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||J. D. Taylor||13,393||25.9|
|Liberal||M. W. Brown||7,349||14.2|
|Conservative||J. D. Taylor||15,644||27.6|
|Liberal||M. W. Brown||9,937||17.6|
|Conservative||John C Ramsden||16,217||31.5|
|Liberal||Terence D Bamford||4,891||9.5|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Alan T Hale||13,443||26.3|
|Liberal||Terence D. Bamford||6,227||12.2|
|Conservative||William G Blake||14,944||28.7|
|Liberal||Derek A McKie||7,738||14.8|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative and National Liberal||James Anthony Lemkin||17,084||31.7|
|Liberal||Geoffrey R. Smedley-Stevenson||6,360||11.8|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Frank Hadfield||21,748||42.4|
|Conservative and National Liberal||John F. Nash||19,776||36.3|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Andrew Cavendish||17,231||30.9|
|Liberal||John William O'Neill||4,052||7.3|
Elections in the 1940s
General Election 1939/40:
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Labour: George Benson,
Elections in the 1930s
|Liberal||Robert George Hill||4,096||9.73|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing||+27.6|
|Unionist||R F H Broomhead-Colton-Fox||5,541||23.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal gain from Labour|
|Independent Labour||John Scurr||583||4.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||A. W. Byron||4,729||46.6||−2.0|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||A. W. Byron||4,325||48.6||−0.3|
|Liberal Unionist||Alfred Barnes||4,067||48.9||−1.9|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+1.9|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal Unionist||Alfred Barnes||3,567||50.8||+22.1|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+9.3|
|Conservative||John Cumming Macdona||2,136||28.7||N/A|
|Independent Liberal-Labour||James Haslam||1,907||25.6||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Chesterfield: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". legislation.gov.uk. IN DERBYSHIRE AND DERBY: The National Archives. p. 29. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Chesterfield 1885-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
- "Chesterfield parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". Retrieved 21 April 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Candidates for Chesterfield". Democracy Club. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Ransome Mpini; Charlotte Thornton; John Walton; Marcelo Zanni (24 February 2014). "Election 2015: The political battleground". BBC News. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Stevenson, Graham. "Barker Bas". Archived from the original on 17 April 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 320. ISBN 0-900178-01-9.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Guardian Unlimited Politics (Election results from 1992 to the present)
- http://www.psr.keele.ac.uk/ (Election results from 1951 to the present)
- nomis Constituency Profile for Chesterfield — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.