Chesterfield (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Chesterfield in Derbyshire for the 2010 general election.
Location of Derbyshire within England.
|Population||93,248 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||72,866 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Toby Perkins (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Derbyshire East|
|European Parliament constituency||East Midlands|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Election results
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 External links
The current boundaries include the town of Chesterfield, together with areas to the north towards Dronfield and to the east towards Bolsover, comprising the Borough of Chesterfield wards: Brimington North, Brimington South, Brockwell, Dunston, Hasland, Hollingwood and Inkersall, Holmebrook, Linacre, Loundsley Green, Middlecroft and Poolsbrook, Moor, Old Whittington, Rother, St Helen’s, St Leonard’s, Walton, and West. The other two Borough of Chesterfield wards (Barrow Hill and New Whittington; Lowgates and Woodthorpe) fall within the neighbouring North East Derbyshire seat. Boundary changes before the 2010 general election, when the Mid Derbyshire constituency was created, meant that Chesterfield lost New Whittington to North East Derbyshire but otherwise retained its shape.
The town of Chesterfield lies just outside the Peak District southwest of Sheffield. Its best known landmark is the Church of St Mary and All Saints, commonly known as the 'Crooked Spire'. The constituency borders the constituencies of Bolsover and Derbyshire North East.
Chesterfield has mainly been a Labour seat with periods when it has been held by other parties, and was gained by the Liberal Democrats in 2001 and held by them until 2010. Chesterfield was a Labour Party safe seat from 1935 until 2001. Andrew Cavendish, later the Duke of Devonshire, was the National Liberal candidate at the 1945 and 1950 elections.
The seat was held in succession by two prominent Labour politicians for over 35 years. The former Labour cabinet minister Eric Varley held the seat from October 1964 to January 1984 and was succeeded by his ex-government colleague Tony Benn, who held the seat following a by-election in March 1984 and remained the town's MP until his retirement in 2001 to "spend more time involved in politics." Benn had been a Labour Cabinet Minister between 1966–70 and 1974-1979. while Varley was in the Wilson and Callaghan cabinets in the later period. Paul Holmes gained the seat for the Liberal Democrats at the 2001 general election, the party's first seat in the East Midlands in the House of Commons, but narrowly lost the seat in 2010 to the Labour candidate Toby Perkins; one of only three seats the Labour Party gained in the 2010 election. In 2015, a collapse in the Liberal Democrat vote had them fall to fourth place and the Conservatives moving into second, with Labour having their largest majority in the seat since 1979.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Chesterfield|
|Liberal Democrat||Julia Cambridge||6,301||13.8||-24|
At the 2015 general election, this seat was the 25th most marginal constituency in Great Britain, the Liberal Democrats requiring a swing from Labour of 0.6% to take the seat (based on the result of the 2010 general election).
|General Election 2010: Chesterfield|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Holmes||17,342||37.8||-9.1|
|English Democrats||Ian Jerram||1,213||2.6||+0.8|
|Independent||John "Noneoftheabove" Daramy||147||0.3||N/A|
|Labour gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+3.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Chesterfield |
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Holmes||20,875||47.3||-0.5|
|English Democrats||Ian Jerram||814||1.8||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+0.6|
|General Election 2001: Chesterfield |
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Holmes||21,249||47.8||+8.3|
|Socialist Alliance||Jeannie Robinson||437||1.0||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Bill Harrison||295||0.7||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Labour||Swing||+8.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Chesterfield |
|Liberal Democrat||Anthony Hugh Rogers||20,330||39.6||+3.8|
|General Election 1992: Chesterfield |
|Liberal Democrat||Anthony Hugh Rogers||20,047||35.8||+6.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Chesterfield |
|Liberal||Anthony Hugh Rogers||15,955||29.6||-5.1|
|Conservative||Ronald Peter Grant||13,472||25.0||+9.8|
|Chesterfield by-election, 1984|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||178||0.3||N/A|
|General Election 1983: Chesterfield |
|Liberal Democrat||Max Payne||9,705||19.5||+9.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Chesterfield|
|General Election October 1974: Chesterfield|
|Conservative||J. D. Taylor||13,393||25.9|
|Liberal||M. W. Brown||7,349||14.2|
|General Election February 1974: Chesterfield|
|Conservative||J. D. Taylor||15,644||27.6|
|Liberal||M. W. Brown||9,937||17.6|
|General Election 1970: Chesterfield|
|Conservative||John C Ramsden||16,217||31.5|
|Liberal||Terence D Bamford||4,891||9.5|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Chesterfield|
|Conservative||Alan T Hale||13,443||26.3|
|Liberal||Terence D. Bamford||6,227||12.2|
|General Election 1964: Chesterfield|
|Conservative||William G Blake||14,944||28.7|
|Liberal||Derek A McKie||7,738||14.8|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Chesterfield|
|National Liberal||James Anthony Lemkin||17,084||31.7|
|Liberal||Geoffrey R. Smedley-Stevenson||6,360||11.8|
|General Election 1955: Chesterfield|
|National Liberal||Frank Hadfield||21,748||42.4|
|General Election 1951: Chesterfield|
|National Liberal||John F. Nash||19,776||36.3|
|General Election 1950: Chesterfield|
|National Liberal||Andrew Cavendish||17,231||30.9|
|Liberal||John William O'Neill||4,052||7.3|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Chesterfield|
|Liberal National||Marquess of Hartington||17,424||37.2|
General Election 1939/40:
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Labour: George Benson,
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Chesterfield|
|Conservative||Roger John Edward Conant||16,555||39.33|
|Liberal||R G Hill||4,096||9.73|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1931: Chesterfield|
|Conservative||Roger John Edward Conant||23,026||57.46|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election, 1929: Chesterfield|
|Unionist||Roger John Edward Conant||9,915||26.4||n/a|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
|General Election, 1924: Chesterfield|
|General Election 6 December 1923:|
|Unionist||R F H Broomhead-Colton-Fox||5,541||23.2||n/a|
Elections in the 1910s
|General Election 1918: Chesterfield|
|Chesterfield by-election, 1913|
|Independent Labour||John Scurr||583||4.2|
|Liberal gain from Labour||Swing|
Notes and references
Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- "Chesterfield: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". legislation.gov.uk. IN DERBYSHIRE AND DERBY: The National Archives. p. 29. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Chesterfield 1885-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Chesterfield parliamentary constituency BBC
- "Peace Party". Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Ransome Mpini; Charlotte Thornton; John Walton; Marcelo Zanni (24 February 2014). "Election 2015: The political battleground". BBC News. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Guardian Unlimited Politics (Election results from 1992 to the present)
- http://www.psr.keele.ac.uk/ (Election results from 1951 to the present)
- nomis Constituency Profile for Chesterfield — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.