Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia
Old "Cress Hotel", 8501 Germantown Avenue, Chestnut Hill.
|Area code(s)||215 and 267|
Chestnut Hill is a neighborhood in the Northwest Philadelphia section of the United States city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is known for the high incomes of its residents and high and real estate values, as well as its private schools.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Historic and notable architecture
- 4 Public transportation
- 5 Education
- 6 Parks, arboretums, and recreation
- 7 Other notable civic institutions
- 8 Notable people
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Chestnut Hill is bounded as follows:
- on the northwest by Northwestern Avenue (a county line and city limit, beyond which lies a panhandle of Springfield Township, Montgomery County that juts into Whitemarsh Township);
- on the west by the Wissahickon Gorge (part of Fairmount Park) (beyond which lie Upper Roxborough and Andorra);
- on the northeast by Stenton Avenue (a county line and city limit, beyond which lie Erdenheim and Wyndmoor, both in Springfield Township); and
- on the southeast by the Cresheim Valley (part of Fairmount Park) (beyond which lies Mount Airy).
The USPS does not officially correlate neighborhood names to Philadelphia ZIP codes (all are called simply "Philadelphia" or "Phila"). However, the 19118 ZIP code is almost entirely coterminous with the cultural-consensus boundaries of Chestnut Hill.
The village of Chestnut Hill was part of the German Township laid out by Francis Daniel Pastorius and came to include the settlements originally known as Sommerhausen and Crefeld, as well as part of Cresheim. It served as a gateway between Philadelphia and the nearby farmlands. During the American Revolutionary War era (late 18th century), the area was one of many summer vacation spots due to its higher elevation, 400–500 feet (120 to 150 m) above sea level, and cooler temperatures than the historic Center City. Chestnut Hill is still stereotypically known as one of the more affluent sections of Philadelphia. However, there are many residents who fall within lower/middle class incomes.
Chestnut Hill (along with many other towns and farmlands of Philadelphia County) became part of the City of Philadelphia in 1854 as part of the Act of Consolidation, when the County and the City became completely coterminous. In the same year, the Chestnut Hill Railroad (Chestnut Hill East Line) opened, making an easy commute to and from Center City. 1n 1884, a second railway line was added by the Philadelphia, Germantown and Chestnut Hill Railroad (Connecting Railway).
From the mid-19th century through the mid-20th, the neighborhood served as both a "railroad suburb" and a "streetcar suburb" of Center City; although it was part of Philadelphia, it was a leafy outlying part functioning as a bedroom community. The neighborhood contains a wide variety of 19th and early 20th century residential buildings by many of the most prominent Philadelphia architects.
In 1985, the neighborhood was designated as the Chestnut Hill Historic District (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) with the National Register of Historic Places. Citing its natural resources, architectural character, and thoughtful planning, the American Planning Association has recognized it among its Great Places in America.
Historic and notable architecture
The Chestnut Hill listings on the National Register of Historic Places:
- Anglecot (1883), designed by Wilson Eyre.
- Chestnut Hill Historic District
- Druim Moir Historic District, includes Romanesque Revival mansion (1883–86), designed by G. W. & W. D. Hewitt.
- Graver's Lane Station (1883), designed by Frank Furness.
- John Story Jenks School (1922), designed by Irwin T. Catharine.
- Thomas Mill Bridge (across the Wissahickon Creek, the only traditional covered bridge in Philadelphia).
- Wissahickon Inn (now Chestnut Hill Academy) (1883–84), designed by G. W. & W. D. Hewitt.
Other historic and notable properties include:
- High Hollow, The George Howe House (1914–17), designed by George Howe
- Inglewood Cottage (1850), designed by Thomas Ustick Walter.
- Esherick House (1961), designed by Louis Kahn.
- Vanna Venturi House (1962–64), designed by Robert Venturi.
Public transportation in southeastern Pennsylvania, which includes Philadelphia and the surrounding counties, is provided by SEPTA, the region's mass transit authority.
Regional rail (commuter rail)
Trams in the southeastern Pennsylvania region are known as trolleys. The trolley network of this region was very extensive prior to World War II, but has shrunk since that era. Chestnut Hill was formerly served by trolleys. Trolley service to Chestnut Hill began in 1894, and trolley tracks still run down the Belgian-block-paved main street of the neighborhood, Germantown Avenue, which was served by SEPTA Route 23. SEPTA "temporarily suspended" regular trolley service in 1992. From 1992 until 1996, weekend-only service ran between Chestnut Hill and Mount Airy, re-branded The "Chestnut Hill Trolley." Sporadic trolley charter trips ran down Germantown Avenue and into North Philadelphia until 2003. In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation completed work on restoring segments of the trolley infrastructure and streetscape in Chestnut Hill, Mount Airy and Germantown. As of 2011, SEPTA spokespeople publicly state that there are no plans to reinstate trolley service on Route 23, despite claims to the contrary in their annual capital budget reports. The dismantling of Route 23 infrastructure is unpopular with a large segment of local residents.
Colleges and universities
Primary and secondary schools
Residents are zoned to schools in the School District of Philadelphia. Students in grades kindergarten through 8 are zoned to John Story Jenks School, while students in grades 9 through 12 are zoned to Roxborough High School. Students were previously zoned to Germantown High School.
Chestnut Hill is home to several private schools. Perhaps the best-known is the Pre-K-12 Springside Chestnut Hill Academy, single-sex Pre-K-8 and coed 9-12. The other three private schools in Chestnut Hill are The Crefeld School (7-12), the K-8 Norwood-Fontbonne Academy, and Our Mother of Consolation.
Parks, arboretums, and recreation
- Pastorius Park
- Wissahickon Valley Park of the Fairmount Park system
- Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania
The community previously held the Chestnut Hill Harry Potter Festival, but in 2018 the event was canceled since the copyright owners cracked down on for-profit uses of the brand. In 2017 there were 50,000 attendees to that year's event. In 2019, the festival will resume as the Witches & Wizards Festival.
Other notable civic institutions
- R. Tucker Abbott, malacologist and author
- Willie Anderson, golfer, winner of four U.S. Opens
- E. Digby Baltzell, author and sociologist
- Francis Bohlen (1868–1942), Algernon Sydney Biddle professor of law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School
- James Bond, ornithologist; namesake of Ian Fleming's fictional secret agent
- Adolph E. Borie merchant, civil war financier, Secretary of the Navy
- Joseph S. Clark, former U.S. senator from Pennsylvania
- Joe Daley, professional golfer
- George Gordon Meade Easby, great-grandson of General George Meade
- Philo Taylor Farnsworth, (August 19, 1906 – March 11, 1971) was an inventor and television pioneer
- Melissa Fitzgerald, actress
- William J. Green, III, former mayor of Philadelphia
- Albert M. Greenfield, businessman, political activist, and philanthropist
- Henry H. Houston, railroad businessman and developer
- W. Thacher Longstreth, former City Councilman At-Large
- Alexander Lawton Mackall, journalist, editor, and gastronomic expert
- David Morse, actor
- Georges Perrier, former resident and celebrity chef, and former owner and chef at Le Bec Fin, and several other restaurants in Philadelphia.
- Alan Porter, Major League Baseball umpire
- Henry C. Pitz, Illustrator
- Frank Rizzo, former mayor of Philadelphia
- Brian L. Roberts, CEO of Comcast Corporation
- Witold Rybczynski, architect and urban policy scholar
- Hugh Scott, U.S. Congressman and Senator
- Denise Scott Brown, architect
- Frederick Winslow Taylor, engineer, management theorist, and consultant
- Marcus Tracy, professional soccer player with Danish club AaB
- Robert Venturi, architect
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia.|
- USPS "Find All Cities in a ZIP Code".
- Department of the Interior. National Park Service. (3/2/1934 - ) (2013 - 2017). Pennsylvania SP Chestnut Hill Historic District. File Unit: National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records: Pennsylvania, 1964 - 2013. Check date values in:
- "Chestnut Hill: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania". American Planning Association. Retrieved September 16, 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2012-02-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2012-02-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "John S. Jenks Elementary School Geographic Boundaries" (Archive). School District of Philadelphia. Retrieved on November 29, 2015.
- "High School Directory Fall 2017 Admissions" (Archive). School District of Philadelphia. p. 57/70. Retrieved on November 16, 2016.
- "A Directory of High Schools for 2009 Admissions Archived 2015-11-06 at the Wayback Machine." School District of Philadelphia. Accessed November 6, 2008.
- "Germantown High School Geographic Boundaries" (Archive). School District of Philadelphia. Retrieved on November 29, 2015.
- "Chestnut Hill Branch Archived October 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." Free Library of Philadelphia. Accessed November 7, 2008.
- Rolen, Emily (2018-06-06). "Warner Bros. cracking down, Chestnut Hill Harry Potter Festival no more". Philly Voice. Retrieved 2018-06-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "2019 Witches and Wizards Festival". Chestnut Hill. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
- Chestnut Hill Community Association
- Chestnut Hill Business Association
- Chestnut Hill College
- Chestnut Hill Historical Society
- The Chestnut Hill Local - newspaper
- Germantown Avenue Parents - family resources and activities
- John Story Jenks School - public school
- Springside Chestnut Hill Academy - independent K-12 school