Opel Corsa

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Opel Corsa
Opel Corsa F at IAA 2019 IMG 0693.jpg
Opel Corsa F
Overview
ManufacturerOpel
Also called
  • Vauxhall Corsa
  • Vauxhall Nova (1982–1993)
  • Holden Barina (1993–2006)
Production
  • 1982–present (Europe)
  • 1993–present (Vauxhall brand)
Body and chassis
ClassSupermini (B)
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive

The Opel Corsa is a supermini car[1][2][3] engineered and produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel since 1982. It has been sold under a variety of other brands (most notably Vauxhall, Chevrolet, and Holden) and also spawned various other derivatives.

Corsa A (1982–1993)[edit]

Corsa A
Opel Corsa A front 20080131.jpg
Overview
Also calledVauxhall Nova
Production1982–1993
AssemblySpain: Zaragoza
Yugoslavia: Kikinda (IDA-Opel)
Body and chassis
Body style
PlatformGM4200 platform
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission4-speed Manual
5-speed Manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,343 mm (92.2 in)
Length3,622–3,955 mm (142.6–155.7 in)
Width1,532–1,540 mm (60.3–60.6 in)
Height1,360–1,365 mm (53.5–53.7 in)
Curb weight735–865 kg (1,620–1,907 lb)

The front-wheel drive Opel Corsa was first launched in September 1982. It went on sale first in France, Italy, and Spain - markets where small cars represented from 34 to 43 percent of sales.[4] Built in Zaragoza, Spain, the first Corsas were three-door hatchback and two-door saloon models, with four-door and five-door versions arriving in 1984. In certain markets commercial "van" models were also sold, with or without rear windows depending on local requirements. In mainland Europe, the saloon versions were known as the "Corsa TR" until May 1985 and received an eggcrate grille rather than the four slits used on hatchbacks. The saloons were intended to appeal to customers of the Opel Kadett C and its sister the Vauxhall Chevette who still desired a traditional 3-box sedan shape - but it did not sell particularly well in most of Europe but were popular in Spain and Portugal, among other markets. While only taking ten per cent of French Corsa sales during the car's first half year, the TR represented half of all Corsas sold in Spain.[5]

The basic trim level was called just the Corsa, which was followed by the Corsa Luxus, Corsa Berlina and the sporty Corsa SR. The SR receives a spoiler which surrounds the rear window, alloy wheels, checkered sport seats, and a somewhat more powerful 70 PS (51 kW) engine.[6] Six years later, the Corsa received a facelift, which included a new front fascia and some other minor changes. The models were called LS, GL, GLS and GT.

The Corsa A was known in the United Kingdom market as the Vauxhall Nova (as it was considered that Corsa sounded too much like "coarser"), where it was launched in April 1983, following a seven month long union dispute due to British workers being angry about the car not being built there[7] whilst British-built cars were subject to huge import tariffs in Spain prior to its entry into the European Community.[citation needed]

Power first came from 1.0 L 45 hp, 1.2 L 55 hp, and 1.3 L 70 hp petrol engines. (The first engines were all equipped with carburetors; fuel injection came later, but never for the 1.0.) The engines were based on the well proven Family II design,[citation needed] except for the 1.0 L and early 1.2 L engines, which were based on the OHV unit from the Kadett C.

There was also an Isuzu-built, 67 PS (49 kW) 1.5 L turbo diesel engine available, which was also used in the Isuzu Gemini at around the same time. The diesel joined the line up in May 1987, at the Frankfurt Motor Show, along with the sporty GSi.[8] The engines and most of the mechanical componentry were derived from those used in the Astra/Kadett. In September 1987 the Corsa received a light facelift, with a new grille that was now the same on hatchbacks and sedans, an updated interior, and other slight changes. For the 1989 model year the 1.3 was bored out to 1.4 liters. Power remained the same, although torque increased.

A rare "Sport" model was produced in 1985 to homologate for the sub 1,300 cc class of Group A for the British Rally Championship.[citation needed] These sport models were white and came with unique vinyl decals, a 13SB engine with twin Weber 40 DCOE carburettors, an optional bespoke camshaft, a replacement rear silencer, and few luxuries. This gave 93 hp and a top speed of 112 mph (180 km/h) with a 0–60 mph time of 8.9 seconds. These are by far the rarest models (500 produced) and thus acquire a high market price if one does become available.

A 1.6 L multi point fuel-injected engine with 101 PS (74 kW) at 5600 rpm (98 PS or 72 kW in the catalysed version) and capable of 186 km/h (116 mph) was added to the Corsa/Nova at the 1987 Frankfurt Motor Show, giving decent performance and being badged as a GSi ("Nova GTE" in pre-facelift models in the United Kingdom, later models were all called GSi).[9]

The GSi's engine mapping had been carried out by Opel tuning specialists Irmscher. A model with the 82 PS (60 kW) 1.4 L multi point fuel injected engine, which was otherwise mechanically identical to the GSi, also became available as the Nova SRi in the United Kingdom. In January 1988, a turbocharged version of the Isuzu diesel engine was introduced, with power increased to 67 PS (49 kW).[8]

The design was freshened in September 1990, with new bumpers, headlights, grille and interior, but it was clearly recognisable as a gentle makeover of an early 1980s design, when it had to compete with the latest two all new superminis in Europe – the Peugeot 106 and the Renault Clio.

Vauxhall Nova[edit]

The Corsa A was rebadged as the "Vauxhall Nova" between 1983 and 1993 for the United Kingdom - "Nova" being a trademark which GM already used on various Chevrolet products in North America.. It effectively replaced the ageing Chevette, which finished production in January 1984. Nearly 500,000 Novas were sold in Britain over the next ten years, but by February 2016, only 1,757 were still on the road.[10] In its best year, 1989, it was Britain's seventh best selling car with more than 70,000 sales. All Nova models were manufactured in Spain, with the first customers in the United Kingdom taking delivery of their cars in April 1983. It gave Vauxhall a much needed modern competitor in the supermini market in the United Kingdom, as the Chevette was older than the majority of its main competitors which consisted of the Ford Fiesta and the Austin Metro. With the late 1990 facelift a small van version arrived, called the Vauxhall Nova Van.[11]

Sales in the United Kingdom were strong right up to the end, but by the time the last Nova was built in the beginning of 1993, it was looking very dated in comparison to more modern rivals like the Peugeot 106 and the Renault Clio.[citation needed] Vauxhall dropped the Nova name in 1993 when their version of the Opel Corsa B made its debut, and later models were sold as the Vauxhall Corsa instead. This was the second Vauxhall to adopt the same model name as the Opel version, the first being the Senator.

A television advert in 1986 featured the Ritchie Valens hit "La Bamba" playing in the background CGI allowed a Nova to drive over vehicles in a busy city. Another advert from 1990 featured a Nova as a pet, CGI allowing it to jump through a traffic jam and briefly play a hotrod whilst stopped at traffic lights. The end featured a homage to Wacky Races, with the Nova laughing like Muttley.[12] This advert featured Angus Deayton.

Famous former owners of the Nova include: former rally driver Colin McRae and actor Sean Bean[citation needed].

Corsa B (1993–2000)[edit]

Corsa B
Opel Corsa B WorldCup Facelift.JPG
Overview
Also calledBuick Sail
Chevrolet Chevy
Chevrolet Classic
Chevrolet Corsa
Holden Barina
Jilin Jiangbei Meilu JJ7090[13]
Opel Vita
Vauxhall Corsa
Production1993–2000 (Europe)[14]
1994–2016 (Brazil)
1998–2016 (Argentina)
1993–1996 (China; Meilu JJ7090; CKD)
2001–2005 (China; Buick)
Assembly
DesignerHideo Kodoma
Body and chassis
Body style3 and 5-door hatchback
4-door saloon
5-door estate car
2-door coupé utility (pickup)
PlatformGM4200 platform
RelatedOpel Combo B
Opel Tigra A
Chevrolet Celta
Chevrolet Sail
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission4 and 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,443 mm (96.2 in) (hatchback, saloon, estate car)[20]
2,480 mm (97.6 in) (pickup)[21]
Length3,729 mm (146.8 in) (hatchback, 1992–1998)[20]
3,741 mm (147.3 in) (hatchback, 1998–2000)[20]
4,026 mm (158.5 in) (saloon, estate car)[22][23]
4,153 mm (163.5 in) (pickup)[21]
Width1,610 mm (63.4 in)
Height1,440 mm (56.7 in)

In April 1993, the Corsa B was unveiled and in the United Kingdom Vauxhall dropped the Nova name, with the car from now being known as the Corsa.[24] In May 1994, it was launched by Holden in Australia, as the Barina, replacing a version of the Suzuki Swift sold under that name.[25] This proved a success, and was the first Spanish built car to be sold in significant volumes in the Australian market.[26]

Unlike the previous model, there was no saloon version for the European market, but one was designed in Brazil for the Latin American market, as saloons were much preferred to hatchbacks there. This was also introduced in South Africa and India. An estate car, panel van and pickup truck were also introduced, and a convertible version was produced for the Australian market, called the Holden Barina Cabrio.

Italy was the only European country where the Argentinian built wagon version was offered.[27] The Corsa also spawned a small coupé, named the Opel Tigra.

Four cylinder power came from 1.2, 1.4, and 1.6 litre Family 1 petrol engines, as well as an economical 1.5 L turbodiesel engine. Most cars received a five speed manual transmission, although a four speed automatic was also available with certain engines. In the first few years, a four speed manual was also available coupled to the smallest 1.2 litre engine.[28]

1.0 L three cylinder and 1.2 L four cylinder Family 0 economy version was launched in 1997, and a Lotus tuned suspension was added as well as an exterior refresh.[29]

The saloon model was built and sold in Latin America as the Chevrolet Corsa Classic until 2010, when it was replaced with the model previously released for China in 2005 as the Buick Sail. A budget version introduced for the Brazilian market, the Chevrolet Celta, has bodywork resembling the end of the 1990s Vectra and Astra. The Celta was sold in Argentina as the Suzuki Fun for a certain period.

In 2011, General Motors stopped representing Suzuki in Argentina, so the Celta reverted to its original name under the Chevrolet brand. Argentinian production began in September 1997, where it was the first locally built Chevrolet passenger car since 1978.

The Latin American Corsa received a small facelift in 1999, with smoother bumpers, and from April 2002 (when the new Corsa II was introduced) the Corsa B began being marketed as the "Corsa Classic"[30] until 2010, where it became the "Classic" when the Corsa B derived Chevrolet Sail and Chevrolet Celta replaced it. Production finally ceased in October 2016.[31]

The saloon and estate car versions were produced in China by Shanghai GM as Buick Sail and Buick Sail S-RV, respectively from June 2001 to February 2005. That year, they received a facelift and became known as the Chevrolet Sail and SRV. In September 2006, Chile became the first country outside China to receive the Chinese assembled Sail; it is called the Chevrolet Corsa Plus there, available as a four-door saloon with a 1.6 L 92 PS (68 kW) engine. The Corsa Plus includes dual front airbags, anti lock brakes, air conditioning, electric windows and central locking as standard equipment.

In India, the hatchback, saloon and estate car versions were sold as the Corsa Sail, Corsa (or Corsa Joy) and Corsa Swing respectively until the end of 2005. The hatchback model was still being produced, and extensively marketed in South Africa as the Corsa Lite under the Opel branding until 2009; at which point it was discontinued.

In Thailand, the Corsa was available as an Opel with a fuel injected 8V 1.4 litre engine and "Joy" and "Swing" variants, both available with three or five door and either a manual or an automatic gearbox.

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
RHD, three door hatchback (1997)[32]
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: N/A 2 /5 stars
Pedestrian: N/A 1 /4 stars

The Corsa was updated in 1997, resulting in different styling options and better safety features:

Euro NCAP test results
RHD, three door hatchback (2000)[33]
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 18 3 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 14 2 /4 stars

Mexico[edit]

For 1995, General Motors de México first marketed the Corsa B as the Chevrolet Chevy.[34] For 2004 (after the Corsa C had been introduced in 2002), a Mexican designed and produced version of the hatchback and saloon,[citation needed] known as the Chevy C2, was released, which was also sold in Colombia.

All Mexican previous versions were known as the Chevy, with the names Monza used on the saloon, and Swing (five-door) and Joy (three-door) for the hatchbacks, all with a 1.6-liter 78 PS (57 kW) four-cylinder. There was also a low-end three-door model called the Chevy Popular, which was equipped with a 52 PS (38 kW) 1.4-liter engine.[34] The latter 2004 and 2008 redesigns were simply named Chevy and Chevy Sedán. The Chevy was a favourite among taxicab drivers and one of the best selling cars in the country.

The Chevy ended production in the end of August 2011, at the Ramos Arizpe assembly plant. This move was because the Chevy's sales had been dropping constantly since the beginning of 2010, and also because it didn't meet the new safety requirement rules in Mexico that forced it to have standard front airbags.

The five door hatchback was dropped after the 2010 model year, leaving only the four door saloon and the three door hatchback, this 3 door hatch being the most popular model. The Chevy was discontinued with only a short run of 2012 models, after almost 18 years on the Mexican market.

The successor for the three door and saloon, the Chevrolet Sonic was also built in Ramos Arizpe starting 2012, while GM suddenly replaced the five door Chevy with the Chevrolet Spark.

OPEL CORSA

  • Opel Corsa – Europe (except the United Kingdom)
  • Vauxhall Corsa – United Kingdom
  • Buick Sail – China, June 2001 until February 2005
  • Chevrolet Corsa – Latin America (Opel Corsa in Chile)
  • Chevrolet Corsa Classic – South America, after the release of the Corsa C
  • Chevrolet Classic – Brazil, since 2005; Argentina, since 2010
  • Holden Barina – Australia and New Zealand (was replaced by the Daewoo Kalos from 2005)
  • Opel Corsa Lite and Opel Corsa Classic – South Africa, for the hatchback and sedan versions respectively
  • Opel Corsa Sail and Opel Corsa Swing – India, for the hatchback and the estate car version respectively
  • Opel Vita – Japan (Toyota already registered the Corsa name for one of their domestic models, the Toyota Tercel)
  • Chevrolet Chevy – Mexico, for the 2004 Corsa derived Chevy C2, facelifted in the end of 2008 for 2009. It was discontinued in the first quarter of 2012.
Derived versions
  • Chevrolet Sail – China, since 2005.[35] A new version was released in 2010[36] then another in 2014.
  • Chevrolet Classic – Argentina and Brazil, since 2011, for the Chevrolet Sail
  • Chevrolet Corsa Plus – Chile, for the Chinese built Chevrolet Sail
  • Chevrolet Celta and Chevrolet Prisma – South America, for the hatchback and saloon version respectively
  • Chevrolet Monza for the 4 door (sedan) edition of the Chevrolet Chevy. Discontinued in spring 2012.
  • Suzuki Fun – Argentina, for the Corsa derived Chevrolet Celta. Discontinued in 2011. Name switched to Chevrolet Celta.

Corsa C (2000–2006)[edit]

Corsa C
Opel Corsa C 1.2 Elegance front 20100912.jpg
Overview
Also calledChevrolet Corsa
Holden Barina
Opel Vita
Vauxhall Corsa
Production2000–2006 (Europe)
2002–2012 (South America)
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style3 and 5-door hatchback
4-door saloon
3-door car-derived van
2-door coupé utility (pick up)
PlatformGamma platform
RelatedGibbs Aquada
Opel Combo C
Opel Meriva A
Opel Tigra TwinTop B
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,491 mm (98.1 in)
Length3,817 mm (150.3 in) (hatchback)[38]
4,181 mm (164.6 in) (saloon)
Width1,645 mm (64.8 in)
Height1,440 mm (56.7 in)
1,430 mm (56.3 in) (saloon)

The Corsa C was revealed in 1999, and introduced to the European market in October 2000, and the facelift arrived in August 2003.[39] General Motors dubbed the new chassis Gamma, and intended to use it for a number of other models. A saloon version was also offered in Latin America, South Africa and the Middle East.

The Brazilian version of the Corsa sold in those countries featured a more conservative front end than its European counterpart.

Brazil also offered a pickup truck version of the Corsa named the Chevrolet Montana (sold in some markets as the Tornado), which, as well as the saloon, was exported in a completely knocked down form to South Africa for local assembly. GM South Africa marketed the hatchback simply as The New Corsa, and the pickup version as the Corsa Utility.

In 2007, the Corsa C saloon was dropped in South Africa. The Corsa hatchback in South Africa did not have the same front fascia as the European Corsa.

Instead, it had the same front fascia as the Latin American Chevrolet Corsa, possibly due to manufacturing costs. This car was 2001 Semperit Irish Car of the Year in Ireland.

In Japan, where the car was sold through Yanase as the Opel Vita, production ended in April 2004, due to sluggish sales.

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results for a LHD, three door hatchback variant on a registration from 2002:

Test[40] Score Points
Overall: N/A N/A
Adult occupant: 4/5 stars 25
Child occupant: N/A N/A
Pedestrian: 1/4 stars 9
Safety assist: N/A N/A

Mexico[edit]

The Corsa C arrived in the 2002 model year as a five door hatchback, and was imported from Europe; but for the model year of 2003, the Corsa sold in Mexico began coming from Brazil and a saloon version was added. In 2005, the saloon version introduced a semi-automatic transmission called easytronic because it was only offered in a five speed manual transmission, however, the easytronic transmission was rapidly discontinued after the model year of 2007, because of poor sales and technical flaws.[citation needed]

For 2008, the Corsa was tweaked with a freshened grille, lights and a gold coloured Chevrolet logo. The Chevrolet Corsa C was discontinued in the Mexican market in June 2008, leaving only the older and freshened Chevy (Corsa B); and the Corsa C was replaced by the Chevrolet Aveo, however, Brazil kept the car until 2012 (as the Chevrolet Corsa Final Edition and with the saloon ending in 2011) and Argentina kept the car until 2010, while the Corsa-based Montana continued into 2010

In 2002, the Corsa chassis spawned a mini MPV called the Opel Meriva, development of which began under Opel in Rüsselsheim.[citation needed]

The Corsa C was that was sold in South America, was produced at the Rosario production plant in Argentina. The Latin American Corsa C featured the Opel inspired Chevrolet logo with a golden bowtie instead of a chromed one – the new logo was first introduced in the South American market with the new Chevrolet Vectra.

Oceania[edit]

In Australia, the car was launched to much fanfare from many motor journalists, and went on to win the Wheels 2001 "Car of the Year" (COTY). Holden also imported the SRi version with the 1.8L Astra motor and uprated sports suspension including traction control, ABS brakes, a better tyre/wheel combination and Irmscher body kit to produce a "baby hot hatch" Barina.

The facelifted 2004 model was also imported, however, in December 2005, the Corsa C was suddenly dropped from the Australian and New Zealand Holden ranges as a cost cutting measure by GM, and was replaced by the Daewoo Kalos, rebadged as a Holden Barina. Motoring journalists were scathing in their criticism of the new model, particularly the bland handling, lackluster engine and below par safety features. The Kalos-based Barina was subsequently replaced with a rebadged version of the Chevrolet Sonic/Daewoo Kalos T300 until stocks ran out in early 2019.

United Kingdom[edit]

This Corsa was a huge success for Vauxhall in Britain, being the most popular supermini and second most popular car overall in 2002, 2003 and 2004. It was also Britain's best selling supermini in 2005, achieving third place overall, but in 2006 (the final year of production) it lost top place in the supermini sector after five years, and was overtaken by the Ford Fiesta. Overall, it was Britain's fourth most popular car in 2006.

Engine specifications[edit]

The Corsa C was introduced with a 1.7 L DTI Ecotec turbodiesel engine supplied by Isuzu (Circle L) with 75 hp (55 kW). This was later joined by the 1.7 L DI Ecotec turbodiesel engine also supplied by Isuzu. The 1.7 L DI Ecotec did not include an intercooler and this reduced power to 65 PS (48 kW).[41] From 2003, a new 1.3 L CDTI Ecotec turbodiesel engine was supplied by Fiat (MultiJet) which produced 70 PS (51 kW) and a 1.7 L CDTI Ecotec turbodiesel was supplied by Isuzu which produced 100 PS (74 kW). This new 1.7 L CDTI Ecotec featured a variable geometry turbocharger.[42]

The 1.0 L and 1.2 L Ecotec Family 0 engines are carry overs from the Corsa B; the 1.4 L Family 1 engine was replaced with a new 1.4 L Family 0 model. The 1.8 L Family 1 engine is an upgrade for the previous 1.6 L 16 valve engine and produces 125 PS (92 kW) and 165 N⋅m (122 lb⋅ft) of torque. The edition with the 1.8 L engine was named Corsa GSi and was the predecessor of the new Corsa OPC.

In 2003, Opel introduced updated versions of Family 0 engines with TwinPort technology, and the 1.2 L engine gained 30 cc, giving it 80 PS (59 kW).

Petrol engines
Model Production Engine Displacement Power Torque Note
1.0 Ecotec 2000–2003 I3 973 cc 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) at 5600 rpm 85 N⋅m (63 lb⋅ft) at 3800 rpm
1.0 Ecotec 2003–2006 I3 998 cc 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) at 5600 rpm 88 N⋅m (65 lb⋅ft) at 3800 rpm Twinport
1.2 Ecotec 2000–2004 I4 1,199 cc 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) at 5600 rpm 110 N⋅m (81 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm
1.2 Ecotec 2004–2006 I4 1,229 cc 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 5600 rpm 110 N⋅m (81 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm Twinport
1.4 Ecotec 2000–2003 I4 1,389 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 6000 rpm 125 N⋅m (92 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm
1.4 Ecotec 2003–2006 I4 1,364 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 5600 rpm 125 N⋅m (92 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm Twinport
1.8 Ecotec 2000–2003 I4 1,796 cc 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) at 6000 rpm 165 N⋅m (122 lb⋅ft) at 4600 rpm GSi
Brazilian engines
1.0 L 8V VHC 2002–2005 I4 71 PS (70 hp) Joy
1.0 L 8V VHC FlexPower 2006–2009 I4 77 / 78 PS (76 / 77 hp) Joy/Maxx
1.4 L 8V Econo.Flex 2008–2012 I4 99 / 105 PS (98 / 104 hp) Maxx/Premium
1.8 L 8V MPFI 2002–2005 I4 102 PS (101 hp) Premium/SS
1.8 L 8V FlexPower 2005–2009 I4 116 / 120 PS (115 / 119 hp) Maxx/Premium/SS
Diesel engines
Model Production Engine Displacement Power Torque Note
1.3 CDTI Ecotec 2003–2006 I4 1,248 cc 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 4000 rpm 170 N⋅m (125 lb⋅ft) at 1750–2500 rpm Fiat engine
1.7 DI 2000–2003 I4 1,686 cc 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) at 4400 rpm 130 N⋅m (96 lb⋅ft) at 2000–3000 rpm No intercooler
1.7 DTI 2000–2003 I4 1,686 cc 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) at 4400 rpm 165 N⋅m (122 lb⋅ft) at 1800–3000 rpm
1.7 CDTI Ecotec 2003–2005 I4 1,686 cc 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) at 4400 rpm 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 2300 rpm VGT

Corsa D (2006–2014)[edit]

Corsa D
Opel Corsa Switzerland front.jpg
Overview
Also calledVauxhall Corsa
Production2006–2014
Assembly
DesignerNiels Loeb
Body and chassis
Body style3 and 5-door hatchback
3-door car-derived van
PlatformSCCS platform
RelatedFiat Punto
Alfa Romeo MiTo
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,511 mm (98.9 in)
Length3,999 mm (157.4 in)
Width1,737 mm (68.4 in)
Height1,488 mm (58.6 in)
Curb weight1,100 kg (2,425 lb)

The Corsa D was created using a new version of the SCCS platform, which was co developed by General Motors/Opel and Fiat,[43] and is also employed by the 2006 Fiat Grande Punto. The first official pictures of the Corsa D, were released by Opel in May 2006. In the United Kingdom, What Car? awarded it 2007 Car of the Year. The Corsa D placed second in the European Car of the Year for 2006, only behind the Ford S-Max.

The Corsa D is available in both three and five door versions, and marketed as the Vauxhall Corsa in the United Kingdom. The same engines sizes from the Corsa C were available at launch, although the 1.3 L CDTI and 1.7 L CDTI engines were upgraded, with power ranging from 75 PS (55 kW) to 125 PS (92 kW).

The 192 PS (141 kW) OPC/VXR version went on sale in the beginning of 2007, with a 1.6 L turbocharged petrol engine powering the front wheels.

The 75 PS (55 kW) 1.3 CDTI engine was updated in the middle of 2007 to bring CO2 levels to just 119 g/km, meaning that twelve months' Vehicle Excise Duty in the United Kingdom costs £30 and is eligible for the Plan 2000E (a rebate of €2000 in the purchase of a new car) in Spain.[44] The car is also used as the villain car in Lights, Motors, Action! Extreme Stunt Show at Disney's Hollywood Studios.

The Corsa D was briefly available in Australia under the Opel brand name, rather than as a Holden as the Corsa B and C had previously been, during Opel's short lived foray into the Australian market. Less than a year after launching, Opel Australia announced it was ceasing operations, removing the Corsa from the Australian market.

In addition to not being sold in the United States or Canada, the Corsa D was never available in Japan either, as Yanase had stopped importing the Opel Vita in April 2004, due to declining sales. Opel withdrew altogether from the Japanese market in December 2006, due to low sales the previous year.

At an early stage of the Corsa D's development, a designer was dared to work an image of a shark into the interior. He managed to hide it so well, on the hinge of the glove compartment, that it was never removed, and featured on all production models.

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results for a LHD, three door hatchback variant on a registration from 2006:

Test[45] Score Points
Overall: N/A N/A
Adult occupant: 5/5 stars 34
Child occupant: 3/5 stars 32
Pedestrian: 3/4 stars 19
Safety assist: N/A N/A

FlexFix[edit]

FlexFix is an optional integrated bicycle rack. It is essentially a concealed drawer that can be pulled out from the car's rear bumper. Attached are two wheel mount bike racks, rear number plate incorporated in the system, brake/tail lights, indicators and fog and reverse light alternates in left-hand drive and right-hand drive cars. It is available as an option on Exclusiv, SE and SXi models in the United Kingdom.

OPC[edit]

In 2007, Opel introduced sport version of Corsa tuned by Opel Performance Center (OPC) – Corsa OPC. Corsa have 1.6 litre I4 turbo engine with 141 kW (192 PS; 189 hp) at 5.850 rpm and 230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft) of torque at 1,980 to 5,850 rpm, with overboost function which boost up torque figure to 266 N⋅m (196 lb⋅ft). 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) time is 7.2 s and top speed is 225 km/h (140 mph). Differences with standard Corsa in interior are sporty Recaro seats, OPC steering wheel and gear knob, instrument dials with OPC background.

At exterior, there are different front and rear bumper with triangle shaped exhaust, and wind difusors. There is also OPC tail spoilers and skirts. Car have stiffer and lower suspension than regular Corsa. Standard rims are 17 inch and optional 18 inch. The Corsa OPC was only available as three-door version.

OPC Nürburgring Edition[edit]

2013 OPC Nürburgring Edition, in Santiago Carshow, Chile 2012

The Opel Performance Center in 2011 launched a hardcore version of the Corsa OPC – Corsa OPC Nürburgring Edition. The engine is the same, 1.6 litre turbo, but it has been tuned to punch out 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) and 250 Nm (280 Nm with overboost function) of torque at 2,250 to 5,850 rpm. 0–100 km/h time is 6.8 seconds and top speed is 230 km/h (143 mph).

New upgrades include Brembo brake packages, recalibrated ABS, traction stability management system, Remus exhaust, and mechanical slip differential which in this segment of cars (supermini/B segment) only have MINI Cooper JCW.[46]

Corsa comes with standard 18 inch alloy wheels and low profile tires, lowered suspension, dual tipped stainless steel exhaust and special Nurburgring badge at B pillars and inside on gear knob and instrument dials. Also included is a new front spoiler, and different rear bumper. Corsa is available in Henna Red, Grasshopper Green, Graphite Black (available as matte colour), and Casablanca White.[47]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines are Family 0 (1.0–1.4) and Family 1 (1.6), and diesel engines are derivative from MultiJet (1.3) and Circle L (1.7).

Petrol engines
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note CO
2
emissions
1.0 I3 Z10XEP 998 cc 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) at 5600 rpm 88 N⋅m (65 lb⋅ft) at 3800 rpm 2006-2009 134 g/km
1.2 I4 Z12XEP 1229 cc 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 5600 rpm 110 N⋅m (81 lb⋅ft) at 4400 rpm 2006-2009 139 g/km
1.4 I4 Z14XEP 1364 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 5600 rpm 125 N⋅m (92 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm 2006-2009 139 g/km
1.6T I4 Z16LEL 1598 cc 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 5000 rpm 210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft) at 1850–5000 rpm GSi/SRi 189 g/km
1.6T OPC/VXR I4 Z16LER 1598 cc 192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) at 5850 rpm 230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft) at 1980–5800 rpm OPC/VXR 190 g/km
Diesel engines
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note CO
2
emissions
1.3 CDTI I4 Z13DTJ 1,248 cc 170 N⋅m (125 lb⋅ft) at 1,750–2,500 rpm 119 g/km
1.3 CDTI I4 Z13DTH 1,248 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 4,000 rpm 200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) at 1,750–2,500 rpm 127 g/km
1.7 CDTI I4 Z17DTR 1,686 cc 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) at 4,000 rpm 280 N⋅m (207 lb⋅ft) at 2,300 rpm 130 g/km

Facelift[edit]

The Opel Corsa boasted a new petrol and diesel engine line up that fully complies with Euro 5 standards. The ride and handling were also improved.[48] Engines were further improved from 2011 as Start/Stop was added to engines, with all engines expecting to get the technology in the future.

Engines with (S/S) are in bold in CO2 column

Petrol engines
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note CO
2
emissions
1.0 S&S I3 998 cc 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) at 5,300 rpm 90 N⋅m (66 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm Twinport 117
1.2 VVT I4 1,229 cc 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) at 5,600 rpm 115 N⋅m (85 lb⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm 124/129 (2010–)
119 g/km (2011–)
1.4 VVT 1,398 cc 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) at 5,600 rpm 130 N⋅m (96 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm 129 g/km
1.4 T S&S 1,368 cc 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 4,800–6,000 rpm 175 N⋅m (129 lb⋅ft) at 1,750–4,800 rpm 2012– 129 g/km
1.6T 1,598 cc 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 5,000 rpm 210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft) at 1,850–5,000 rpm GSi 171 g/km
192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) at 5,850 rpm 230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft) at 1,980–5,800 rpm OPC/VXR 172 g/km
210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) at 5,850 rpm 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) at 2,250–5,850 rpm OPC Nürburgring Edition 178 g/km
Diesel engines
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note CO
2
emissions
1.3 CDTI ecoFLEX I4 1,248 cc 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) at 4,000 rpm 190 N⋅m (140 lb⋅ft) at 1,750–2,500 rpm 112 g/km (2010–)
105 g/km (2011–)
95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) at 4,000 rpm 210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft) at 1,750–2,500 rpm 115 g/km (2010–)
95 g/km (2011–)
1.7 CDTI ecoFLEX 1,686 cc 130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) at 4,000 rpm 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) at 2,000–2,500 rpm 118 g/km

Hybrid[edit]

At the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show, Opel unveiled the Opel Corsa Hybrid Concept, a coupe that combines a belt-driven starter and alternator with a lithium-ion battery.[49]

Facelift[edit]

In November 2010, a facelift was announced. A revised front end was the most dramatic difference over its predecessor, consisting of a new grille, a restyled front bumper and new 'Eagle Eye' headlamps (introduced on the Insignia) which contain daytime running lamps, standard across the refreshed Corsa range. (Vauxhall versions gained the latest badge from 2008 on the front grille, tailgate and steering wheel). A new 'Touch and Connect' multimedia system from Bosch was made available as an option on certain Corsas, replacing the CD60 unit.[50] Alloy wheels are upgraded on SXI, SE and OPC/VXR versions. Production ended in the end of 2014, with the Adam styled Corsa E released.[51]

Corsa E (2014–2019)[edit]

Corsa E
2016 Opel Corsa EcoFlex 5-door (CH), front right.jpg
Overview
Also calledVauxhall Corsa
Production2014–2019
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style3 and 5-door hatchback
3-door car-derived van
PlatformSCCS platform
RelatedOpel Adam
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,510 mm (98.8 in)
Length4,021 mm (158.3 in)
Width1,736–1,746 mm (68.3–68.7 in)
Height1,479–1,481 mm (58.2–58.3 in)
Curb weight1,120–1,237 kg (2,469–2,727 lb)

The Corsa E[52] debuted at the 2014 Paris Motor Show.[53]

Interior space stayed the same, as had the 285 litre boot, but the interior was completely new.[54] All of the exterior sheet metal (except the roof) had been revised, but the underlying chassis and body structure (especially the glasshouse), as some minor bits, were entirely carried over from Corsa D.[55]

Corsa OPC/VXR[edit]

In February 2015, Opel introduced OPC version of Corsa E. Compared to the previous generation model, power output had increased by 15PS to 207PS (204 bhp) from 1.6 Turbo engine, with a maximum torque of 245 Nm (181 lb-ft) between 1900 and 5800 rpm. An overboost function increased torque to 280Nm (210 lb-ft) when needed. As a result, the Corsa OPC was able to sprint from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 6.8 seconds and to reach a maximum speed of 230 km/h (143 mph).

The Corsa OPC featured a sports chassis with Frequency Selective Damping (FSD) technology, which enabled the damping forces to adapt to the frequency of the car to balance sportiness with comfort. The suspension was lowered by 10mm (0.39 in) compared to standard Corsa models, and the car also received an optimised steering system with more direct and precise reactions. OPC also worked on the brakes, adding 308mm discs on the front axle.

Opel also offered the Corsa OPC Performance Package, which included a mechanical multi disc differential lock made by Drexler, 18 inch wheels with Michelin tires and an even more athletic chassis set up. The package also brought a Brembo high performance braking system with 330mm braking discs on the front axle.

Styling wise, the Corsa OPC/VXR received more aggressive body kits with new bumpers, aluminium frames for the fog lights, a small scoop in the hood, a big roof spoiler and twin pipe Remus exhaust with a diffuser. Inside, the Recaro performance seats took centre stage, with other upgrades including the flat bottomed leather steering wheel, OPC gear knob and sports pedals, as well as OPC design instruments.[56]

Engines[edit]

Under the bonnet, all new 1.0 litre three cylinder ECOTEC engine – the direct injection turbo offered 90 PS or 115 PS – both giving 170Nm of torque – with a six speed manual box, while a new six speed auto was optional on selected engines. Start/Stop tech was standard and, in three door guise, the lower powered model could hit sub-100g/km CO2 emissions.

The entry level engine was a 70 PS 1.2 litre petrol, while turbo and non turbo 1.4s offered 100 PS and 90 PS respectively. The 1.3 CDTI continued with 75PS, now hitting as little as 85g/km CO2 emissions, and was capable of 3,2l/100km economy. An ecoFLEX version was available from launch, too, with target CO2 emissions of under 85g/km.

Petrol engines
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note CO
2
emissions
1.0T SIDI S/S I3 999 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 3700–6000 rpm 170 N⋅m (125 lb⋅ft) at 1800–3700 rpm 102–100 g/km
115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 5000–6000 rpm 170 N⋅m (125 lb⋅ft) at 1800–4500 rpm 115–114 g/km
1.2 I4 1229 cc 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 5600 rpm 115 N⋅m (85 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm Only Available for short time after release in hatchbacks then the engine was dropped 126–124 g/km
1.4 1398 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 6000 rpm 130 N⋅m (96 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm 114–129 g/km
1.4 Turbo 1364 cc 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) at 3500–6000 rpm 200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) at 1850–3500 rpm 122–119 g/km
1.6 Turbo (A16LES) 1598 cc 207 PS (152 kW; 204 hp) at 5850 rpm 245 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft) (overboost 280 (207)) at 1900–5800 rpm OPC/VXR 174 g/km
Diesel engines
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note CO
2
emissions
1.3 CDTI S/S I4 1248 cc 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) at 3750 rpm 190 N⋅m (140 lb⋅ft) at 1500–2500 rpm 100–99 g/km
95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) at 3750 rpm 190 N⋅m (140 lb⋅ft) at 1500–2500 rpm 82–101 g/km

Corsa F (2019–present)[edit]

Corsa F
Opel Corsa F at IAA 2019 IMG 0693.jpg
Overview
Also calledVauxhall Corsa
Production2019–present
AssemblySpain: Zaragoza
Body and chassis
Body style5-door hatchback
PlatformPSA CMP (EMP1) platform
RelatedPeugeot 208
Powertrain
Engine
Electric motorPermanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (Corsa-e)
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,538 mm (99.9 in)
Length4,060 mm (159.8 in)
Width1,765 mm (69.5 in)
Height1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Curb weight980–1,090 kg (2,161–2,403 lb) (Corsa)
1,455 kg (3,208 lb) (Corsa-e)
Opel Corsa-e

The original project of Corsa F was being initially planned to be released in the third quarter of 2017 on a GM platform (reportedly, the G2XX), but the project was cancelled due to acquisition by Groupe PSA. It restarted development after a switch to PSA CMP (EMP1) platform in 2017.[57]

Subsequent to the acquisition of the Opel and Vauxhall marques by Groupe PSA (Peugeot-Citroën) having been announced on 14 February 2019, the 2019 Corsa F is based on the Peugeot 208 Common Modular Platform (CMP) (the first of the Opel/Vauxhall nameplates to be built no longer on a GM platform, but on one from Peugeot/Citroën/DS).

In December 2018, Opel announced the launch of an electric version of the Corsa, called the Corsa-e, to go on sale in 2019, with a price close to €20,000.[58][59] The main competitors to the Corsa-e were the Nissan Leaf and the Renault Zoe.

The Corsa F supermini marks the arrival of new petrol and diesel engines as well as an all-electric Corsa-e into the range. Two petrol engines and one diesel engine will be available, starting with the 1.2-litre four-cylinder engine that produce 75 bhp and comes with a five-speed manual gearbox as standard. Sitting above is a three-cylinder 1.2-litre turbo PureTech engine which is shared with Peugeot and Citroen models produce 99 bhp and 250 Nm of torque. It comes with a six-speed manual or eight-speed automatic gearbox option. The diesel engine is an BlueHDi 1.5-litre four-cylinder diesel, producing 99 bhp and 250 Nm of torque.

The standard Corsa is almost identical to the electric version, with the exception of different alloy wheel designs. The interior will include a touchscreen infotainment system with two set-ups are available; seven-inch Multimedia Navi system or 10-inch Multimedia Navi Pro.

Weight of the car is also improved, with lightweight underpinnings, redesigned bodyshell and new aluminium engines which Opel claims 10 per cent of kerb weight have been reduced across the range and will have a good balance between sportiness and comfort. The body is constructed from a range of high-strength steels, saving a total of 40 kg over the seventh generation model. A new aluminium bonnet will also replace the previous generation's steel unit, saving a further 2.4 kg. However, the Corsa is slightly larger than its predecessor, with a larger body and longer wheelbase to allocate more interior and boot space.

Opel's latest range of aluminium three-cylinder petrol and diesel engines will save around 15 kg over the predecessor four-cylinder units. 10 kg has been reduced off the seats, losing 5.5 kg at the front and 4.5 kg at the rear, totalling around 108 kg of weight reduction.

First deliveries will start April 2020, while the pure-electric model will follow after.[60][61]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque CO
2
emissions
1.2 I3 1199 cc 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) at 5750 rpm 118 N⋅m (87 lb⋅ft) at 2750 rpm 93–94 g/km
1.2 Turbo 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) at 5000 rpm 205 N⋅m (151 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm 96–98 g/km
1.2 Turbo 132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp) at 5500 rpm 230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm 103–105 g/km
Diesel engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque CO
2
emissions
1.5 PSA DV5 BlueHDI I4 1499 cc 103 PS (76 kW; 102 hp) at 3500 rpm 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm 85–87 g/km
Electric (Corsa-e)
Battery capacity Power Torque All-electric range
50 kWh 138 PS (101 kW; 136 hp) 260 N⋅m (192 lb⋅ft) 330 km (205 mi)

Corsa Van[edit]

The Corsa Van is a car derived van based on the corresponding generation of the Corsa superminis. It first appeared in 1983, and was unchanged from the regular car, aside from the panelled rear windows (optional, glazed models were also available) and the missing rear seat. This was replaced by a flat metal loading floor. Payload of the original Corsa A is 405 kg (893 lb) and the entire range of engines was available at first.[62]

It was usually marketed under the names used in various countries, such as Corsa Lieferwagen (Germany), Bestelwagen (Dutch), or Fourgonnette (French). The Vauxhall version is called the "Corsavan" since 1994, linking it to the earlier Astravan model. Earlier models were called Vauxhall Novavan in the United Kingdom.

Corsa Van variants of later generation Corsas have also been sold under the Opel/Vauxhall[63][64] brand.

Popularity[edit]

From the first Corsa being sold in the United Kingdom on 2 April 1993, sales had reached 1,371,573 within sixteen years of its launch, by which time the Corsa was in its third generation.

As of 2018, the Vauxhall Corsa was the third most popular car in the United Kingdom, with 1,205,158 taxed and on the road with another 39,286 declared SORN (Statutory Off Road Notification).[65]

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External links[edit]