Chevrolet TrailBlazer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chevrolet TrailBlazer
06-08 Chevrolet TrailBlazer.jpg
two Chevrolet Trailblazers (one in the back) photographed in Michigan
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Production 1999-2001 (as Blazer trim)
2001–2008 (separate model, North America)
2012–present (separate model, Asia)
Model years 2002–2009 (United States)
2012–present (Southeast Asia and Brazil)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size SUV
Body style 4-door SUV
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor Chevrolet S-10 Blazer (4-Door)
Successor Chevrolet Equinox (North America)
Chevrolet Traverse (EXT model, North America)
Saturn Outlook (EXT model, North America)
Chevrolet Blazer (2018) (North America)

The Chevrolet TrailBlazer is a mid-size sport utility vehicle that has been produced by General Motors since 2002 (except between 2010 and 2011).

Blazer trim line (1999–2001)[edit]

1999–2001 Chevrolet TrailBlazer

The TrailBlazer nameplate was introduced in 1999 as an upscale trim line of the S-10 Blazer. In 2002, the TrailBlazer turned into a separate model. Production of the Blazer overlapped with the TrailBlazer until 2005.

First generation (2002–2009)[edit]

Chevrolet TrailBlazer (Americas)
Chevrolet-TrailBlazer.JPG
Overview
Production 2001–2008
Model years 2002–2009 (USA and Canada only)
Assembly Moraine, Ohio, United States
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia[1]/[2]/[3]
Valencia, Venezuela
Designer Bill Davis[4]
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door SUV
Platform GMT360
GMT370 (EXT)
Related Buick Rainier
GMC Envoy
Isuzu Ascender
Oldsmobile Bravada
Saab 9-7X
Chevrolet Colorado (2004 – 2012 version)
Powertrain
Engine 4.2 L LL8 I6
5.3 L LM4 V8
6.0 L LS2 V8
Transmission 4-speed automatic 4L60-E and 4L70E (only with LS2 6.0 liter engine)[5]
Dimensions
Wheelbase SWB: 113.0 in (2,870 mm)
EXT: 129.0 in (3,277 mm)
Length SWB: 191.8 in (4,872 mm)
EXT: 207.8 in (5,278 mm)
Width 74.7 in (1,897 mm)
Height 2002–03 SWB: 74.5 in (1,892 mm)
2004–09 SWB: 72.5 in (1,842 mm)
2002–03 EXT: 77.1 in (1,958 mm)
2004–06 EXT: 75.5 in (1,918 mm)
2007–09 2WD: 67.8 in (1,722 mm)
Chronology
Successor Chevrolet Traverse
2002–2005 model year TrailBlazer, with modification to meet Japanese standards

The first-generation 2002–2005 model years TrailBlazer is based on a truck platform called GMT360, with all models having four-wheel drive as an option with both automatic engagement and the more traditional "4 High" and "4 Low" gearings, except the SS model which features an All wheel drive system. The TrailBlazer features an independent front suspension, and a five-link rear suspension. A G80 locking rear differential is available as an option on all models except for the SS which has a G86 LSD standard. An LTZ version, has upgraded interior features (leather), better sound system (Bose), alloy wheels, four-wheel disc brakes. All TrailBlazers came factory equipped with a detachable towing hitch.

2006–2008 Chevrolet TrailBlazer LT

The TrailBlazer was facelifted in 2005 for the 2006 model year. A new front fascia and interior trim were included with the refresh. The SS gets trim-specific front and rear fascias plus colormatched side skirts.

Engines[edit]

The TrailBlazer comes with a 273 hp (204 kW) 277 lb⋅ft (376 N⋅m) all-aluminum 4.2 L "Atlas" LL8 inline-six engine standard and an optional 302 hp (225 kW) 330 lb⋅ft (447 N⋅m) aluminum small-block 5.3 L V8 with Active Fuel Management. The inline-six makes the TrailBlazer the most powerful six-cylinder SUV in its class. The Active Fuel Management system on the V8 engine shuts off 4 of the 8 cylinders during highway travel and idle to save fuel. The 6-cylinder versions of the TrailBlazer get up to 20 miles per US gallon (12 L/100 km; 24 mpg‑imp) highway, according to refreshed United States Environmental Protection Agency estimates.

The TrailBlazer won the North American Truck of the Year award in 2002. The 4.2 L I6 Atlas LL8 appeared on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list from 2002–2005 with innovative features such as DOHC, Variable Valve Timing (VVT) on the exhaust camshaft, and GM's patented Lost-foam casting process.

  • 2002–2009 LL8 4.2 L I6
  • 2003–2004 LM4 5.3 L V8
  • 2005–2009 LH6 5.3 L V8
  • 2006–2009 LS2 6.0 L V8

EXT[edit]

2003–2005 Chevrolet TrailBlazer EXT

One unique element of the TrailBlazer line was the availability of a 3-row, 7-passenger EXT version. This vehicle was 16 in (406 mm) longer and had a higher roofline to allow easier access to the third row of seats. This roof was disguised by standard roof racks.

Production of the EXT model was handled by the Oklahoma City Assembly plant in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The last TrailBlazer EXT rolled off the assembly line on February 20, 2006, because GM had reportedly closed that plant, making 2006 the final year for the TrailBlazer EXT.

The EXT could be identified by its much straighter rear doors (which were not in-line with the rear wheel arches), as well as by the circular, metal cap on each of the quarter windows where the opening mechanism attaches, on the 2003 models only.

SS[edit]

2006 Chevrolet TrailBlazer SS

An SS model was introduced for the 2006 model year. This was the first time a production SUV wore the Super Sport badge.[6] But this wasn't just a styling package: this Trailblazer came standard with a 6.0 L LS2 V8 that was the same engine that came standard in the 2005–2007 C6 Corvette, with different exhaust (more restrictive) and a taller intake that better utilized the torque characteristics of the engine in this heavier vehicle. The suspension was stiffened up and lowered from the factory, it had an added air-leveling system in the rear, and it rode on 20" wheels and 255mm wide tires—all which contributed to much improved handling. All Trailblazer SS's also came from the factory with 4.10 differentials, improving off-the-line acceleration. They were available in both 2WD and AWD configurations. About 1.7% of total Trailblazer production had the B4U SS-package.

Calendar Year Total Trailblazer SS Sales
2006 9,361
2007 10,726
2008 5,744
2009 610

Safety[edit]

IIHS tests in 2009 gave early Trailblazers a Marginal overall rating in the frontal offset test while 2005–2009 models got an Acceptable rating. For 2008 models side curtain airbags became standard. At that time, the Trailblazer received a Marginal overall side impact rating - tested with optional side airbags present. Torso type side airbags were not available then.[7][needs update]

2007 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Crash Test Ratings:[8]

  • Frontal Driver: 3/5 stars
  • Frontal Passenger: 4/5 stars
  • Side Driver: 5/5 stars
  • Side Rear Passenger: 5/5 stars
  • Rollover 2wd: 3/5 stars
  • Rollover 4wd: 4/5 stars

Yearly American sales[edit]

Calendar Year Total American sales
2001[9] 115,103
2002 249,568
2003 261,334
2004[10] 283,484
2005 244,150
2006[11] 178,493
2007 151,985
2008[12] 119,905
2009 22,287

Discontinuation[edit]

The next generation TrailBlazer was to be built on an upgraded version of the current GMT360 platform called the GMT361. It was scheduled to be launched in spring 2007, but in January 2006, GM decided to just refresh the current platform and call the vehicle a GMT360NG. However, in June 2006, GM announced that the GMT360NG program was also canceled due to the large investment. GM decided to keep the current TrailBlazer until the 2009 model year (2008 in Mexico).

Buick instead got the Enclave, a GM Lambda platform-based crossover SUV to replace the Rainier (along with the Rendezvous and the Terraza minivan), while GMC got the GM Lambda platform-based crossover SUV Acadia to replace the Envoy. Saab replaced the 9-7X with the Cadillac SRX-based 9-4X, which was discontinued soon after its introduction in 2011.

The Trailblazer, along with the Chevrolet Uplander minivan, were replaced by the Chevrolet Traverse. GM had closed the Moraine plant on December 23, 2008, ending production of all GMT360 products.[13] The last Chevrolet TrailBlazer rolled off the Moraine line on December 16, 2008, a week before the plant's closure. The closing of the last factory that manufactured the trucks was the subject of a 2009 HBO documentary The Last Truck: Closing of a GM Plant.[14]

Recall[edit]

In 2012, General Motors and Isuzu recalled more than 258,000 SUVs in the U.S. and Canada to fix short-circuits in power window and door lock switches that could cause fires. The recall covered Chevrolet TrailBlazer, GMC Envoy, Buick Rainier, Isuzu Ascender and Saab 9-7X SUVs from the 2006 and 2007 model years. The SUVs were sold or registered in 20 U.S. states, Washington, D.C., and Canada, where salt and other chemicals are used to clear roads in the winter.[15]

Second generation (2012–present)[edit]

Chevrolet TrailBlazer (Asia)
Chevrolet TrailBlazer 01.jpg
Chevrolet TrailBlazer (second generation)
Overview
Also called Holden Colorado 7
Holden TrailBlazer
Isuzu MU-X
Production 2012-present
Assembly Thailand: Rayong (GM Thailand)
Brazil (GM Brazil)
Body and chassis
Class Full-size SUV
Body style 5-door SUV
Platform GMT31XX
Powertrain
Engine 2.8 VGT Diesel
2.5 Diesel
Transmission 6-Speed Manual transmission
6-Speed Automatic transmission
Rear of the second generation Chevrolet Trailblazer

The second-generation TrailBlazer was unveiled as a concept at the 2011 Dubai Motor Show, and as a production model at the Bangkok Motor Show on March 21, 2012.[16] As is the case with the original Chevrolet Blazer (1969–1994), Tahoe (1995–present), Suburban (1935–present), S10-based Blazer (1983–2005), the second-generation TrailBlazer is based on a truck frame, namely the second generation Chevrolet Colorado.

The second-generation TrailBlazer is built in Thailand and in Brazil.[17] It is currently being sold in some of the Southeast Asian countries, India, South Africa, Saudi Arabia and sold in Australia as the Holden Colorado 7 from 2013 to 2016, being rebadged as the TrailBlazer in 2017. The 2013 Isuzu MU-X also resembles the second generation Chevrolet Trailblazer.[18]

Holden Colorado 7[edit]

Holden Colorado 7

Launched in late 2012 the Holden Colorado 7, like the Chevy TrailBlazer, is based on the same under pinnings as the regular Colorado, however bodywork from the A-pillar back is entirely different. Instead the Colorado 7 takes on the form of a large SUV with an enclosed roof, tailgate and 7-seats. The Colorado 7 is powered by the same VM Motori 2.8L Turbo Diesel engine and unlike the Colorado the rear suspension is a five-link system connected to coil springs but retains the live axle.[19]

The range consists of two trim levels; LT and LTZ. Standard equipment for all Colorado 7s includes cruise control, body-coloured bumpers, side steps, front fog lights, aluminium roof rails, rear parking sensors (in addition to the rear camera), Bluetooth phone connectivity, USB input, roof mounted climate control vents for second and third rows and a leather-wrapped steering wheel with multifunction controls. The LTZ adds 18-inch wheels, projector headlights, exterior chrome highlights, leather seats, a premium sounds system, a six-way adjustable driver’s seat, higher grade interior trim elements and LED tail-lights.[19]

Holden Trailblazer

At its first model update in 2016, the Holden Colorado 7 was renamed to Holden TrailBlazer.[20]

Possible return to United States[edit]

Chevrolet has discussed re-introducing the Colorado 7 as the Chevrolet TrailBlazer, which is already on sale in other markets globally, but it will not be sold in North America. GM claims that the sales of the Equinox and Traverse would dwindle. However, on November 16, 2015, it did file trademark applications for the Blazer and Chevrolet Blazer in the United States, which could open the door for a next generation successor to the TrailBlazer.[21] On August 22, 2017, spy shot photos confirmed that Chevrolet will use the Blazer nameplate for a midsize crossover SUV (slotted between the full size Traverse and compact Equinox), which is slated to debut in 2018 as a 2019 model year entry, thus putting it in competition with the Ford Edge, Nissan Murano, and a soon to be planned Honda vehicle.[22] On June 21, 2018, Chevrolet unveiled the Blazer as a midsize CUV that was radically different from the Trailblazer for North America. No word on whether the CUV Blazer will be available for sale outside the region.

Engines[edit]

The 2012 Trailblazer comes with two engine options, both diesel, one featuring a Duramax 2.5 L, 150 hp (110 kW) 350 Nm (258 lb-ft) standard, and an optional Duramax 2.8 L, 180 hp (132 kW) 470 Nm (346 lb-ft). For the Brazilian, South African and Saudi markets, the 3.6 V6 24V gasoline engine producing 239 hp (in Brazilian market, the 2015 version producing 277 hp) (179 kW) 360 Nm (265 lb-ft) is also available.

The 2014 – 2nd generation, MY14 Duramax 2.8L diesel engines have several new parts, namely a new water-cooled variable-geometry turbocharger, a new high-pressure common-rail fuel delivery system, a new exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system, a new intake manifold, a new cylinder head, a new cylinder block, a new balance shaft unit and a new Engine Control Module (ECM). and now produce 197 hp and 369 Ft/Lbs of torque. [23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Автотор - автомобили - Легковые автомобили - Производство автомобилей". avtotor.ru. Archived from the original on February 10, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 4, 2011. Retrieved 2010-05-15. 
  3. ^ "Дизельный внедорожник Chevrolet Trailblazer - 7-ми местный внедорожник Шевроле Трейлблейзер - Chevrolet Россия". chevrolet.ru. Archived from the original on May 26, 2010. 
  4. ^ Pund, Daniel. "2002 Chevrolet TrailBlazer, GMC Envoy, Oldsmobile Bravada". Car & Driver. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-11.  GM Heritage Center Trailblazer 2006 product information
  6. ^ "Tuning News.net article on the Trailblazer SS", Chevrolet Trailblazer SS 9/23/05. Retrieved September 29, 2006.
  7. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Chevrolet TrailBlazer". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  8. ^ "Safercar.gov". Safercar.gov. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  9. ^ "mediaOnline". Media.gm.com. 2003-01-03. Archived from the original on April 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  10. ^ "GM Reports December 2005 and Year Results". theautochannel.com. 
  11. ^ "GM Media Online". Media.gm.com. 2007-01-03. Archived from the original on April 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  12. ^ "GM Media Online". Media.gm.com. 2009-01-05. Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  13. ^ "GM to shut Ohio SUV plant 2 years ahead of plan". autoweek.com. 
  14. ^ The Days the Plant Died
  15. ^ "GM recalls SUVs for fire hazard". CNN. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  16. ^ http://en.chevrolet.co.th/vehicles/trailblazer.html
  17. ^ Vitor Matsubara (November 14, 2012). "Chevrolet lança Trailblazer por R$ 145.450". Exame. Archived from the original on March 29, 2013. 
  18. ^ Holden tackles Achilles heel with Colorado 7 SUV
  19. ^ a b Stanford, James. "Holden Colorado 7 revealed". Car Advice. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  20. ^ Brad Leach, 12 October 2016, 2017 Holden Trailblazer LTZ Review: Colorado 7 Kicked-Out... But Holden’s Newcomer Blazes New Trails, www.themotorreport.com.au Retrieved 5 January 2017
  21. ^ "GM Files Trademark Applications For 'Blazer', 'Chevrolet Blazer'" from GM Authority (November 16, 2015)
  22. ^ "Chevy's Ford Edge, Nissan Murano rival Takes Shape" from Automotive News (August 22, 2017)
  23. ^ "Chevrolet Trailblazer in India - Price, Mileage, Reviews, Images, Specs". CarTrade. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 

External links[edit]