The name Chewacla is derived from the Hitchiti word sawackla, with sawi meaning "racoon" and ukli meaning "town". Chewacla was located on the Central of Georgia Railway. It was once home to the Chewacla Lime Works, which operated a quarry. A specific type of marble, known as Chewacla marble, was mined in this quarry. Chewacla marble was described as "a highly crystalline dolomite, for most part a beautiful pearly white stone".Gneiss was also mined in the quarry and used to make millstones.