Cheyenne County, Kansas

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Cheyenne County, Kansas
County
Cheyenne Co KS Courthouse.JPG
Map of Kansas highlighting Cheyenne County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°48′N 101°48′W / 39.800°N 101.800°W / 39.800; -101.800
Founded March 20, 1873
Named for Cheyenne Native Americans
Seat St. Francis
Largest city St. Francis
Area
 • Total 1,021 sq mi (2,644 km2)
 • Land 1,020 sq mi (2,642 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 2,661
 • Density 2.7/sq mi (1/km²)
Area code(s) 785
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website cncoks.us

Cheyenne County (county code CN) is a county located in the northwest corner of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,726.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is St. Francis.[2]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1873, Cheyenne County was established.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,021 square miles (2,640 km2), of which 1,020 square miles (2,600 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.1%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Sources: National Atlas,[4] U.S. Census Bureau[5]

Time Zones[edit]

The county is bordered by the Mountain Time Zone in three directions, thus making it the only county in the United States to have this characteristic. Dundy County, Nebraska to the north, Yuma County, Colorado and Kit Carson County, Colorado to the west, and Sherman County to the south are all located in the Mountain Time Zone. As a result, Rawlins County is Cheyenne County's only neighbor to practice Central Time.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 37
1890 4,401 11,794.6%
1900 2,640 −40.0%
1910 4,248 60.9%
1920 5,587 31.5%
1930 6,948 24.4%
1940 6,221 −10.5%
1950 5,668 −8.9%
1960 4,708 −16.9%
1970 4,256 −9.6%
1980 3,678 −13.6%
1990 3,243 −11.8%
2000 3,165 −2.4%
2010 2,726 −13.9%
Est. 2016 2,661 [6] −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2016[1]

As of the 2000 census,[11] there were 3,165 people, 1,360 households, and 919 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,636 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.91% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.59% of the population.

There were 1,360 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 5.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 26.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,599, and the median income for a family was $34,816. Males had a median income of $24,976 versus $19,569 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,862. About 7.40% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 83.4% 1,173 12.9% 181 3.8% 53
2012 81.3% 1,159 16.3% 233 2.4% 34
2008 76.6% 1,148 21.6% 323 1.8% 27
2004 80.0% 1,353 18.9% 320 1.1% 19
2000 76.0% 1,312 20.3% 350 3.8% 65
1996 66.8% 1,211 23.3% 422 9.9% 179
1992 49.2% 863 23.2% 407 27.6% 485
1988 63.4% 1,105 34.1% 594 2.5% 44
1984 79.1% 1,442 19.5% 356 1.4% 26
1980 73.9% 1,330 19.9% 358 6.2% 112
1976 55.8% 1,008 42.0% 758 2.2% 39
1972 75.5% 1,440 20.9% 399 3.6% 68
1968 70.7% 1,423 20.5% 412 8.9% 179
1964 56.2% 1,147 43.4% 886 0.3% 7
1960 71.4% 1,622 28.0% 636 0.6% 13
1956 68.8% 1,479 30.8% 663 0.4% 8
1952 75.6% 1,915 23.6% 597 0.8% 20
1948 53.5% 1,219 42.9% 978 3.6% 81
1944 68.0% 1,610 31.1% 736 0.9% 22
1940 64.1% 1,760 35.4% 971 0.5% 13
1936 42.4% 1,241 57.2% 1,673 0.4% 11
1932 34.6% 979 60.7% 1,716 4.7% 134
1928 69.6% 1,466 27.8% 586 2.6% 54
1924 50.4% 1,119 21.8% 485 27.8% 617
1920 62.4% 1,079 27.2% 471 10.4% 179
1916 31.8% 498 50.2% 787 18.0% 282
1912 15.9% 140 34.1% 301 50.0% 441
1908 54.3% 486 37.9% 339 7.8% 70
1904 72.9% 446 15.7% 96 11.4% 70
1900 54.1% 348 44.5% 286 1.4% 9
1896 49.6% 327 48.8% 322 1.7% 11
1892 50.5% 505 48.6% 486 1.0% 10
1888 63.1% 779 34.0% 420 2.9% 36

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2000, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[13]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Cheyenne County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

  • Clugh
  • Gurney
  • Hourglass
  • Jaqua
  • Lawnridge
  • Orlando

Townships[edit]

Cheyenne County is divided into seven townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the township include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Benkelman 06025 57 0 (1) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0% 39°37′8″N 101°54′35″W / 39.61889°N 101.90972°W / 39.61889; -101.90972
Bird City 06850 Bird City 771 1 (2) 884 (341) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°45′30″N 101°31′41″W / 39.75833°N 101.52806°W / 39.75833; -101.52806
Calhoun 09950 57 0 (1) 231 (89) 2 (1) 0.70% 39°56′8″N 101°39′18″W / 39.93556°N 101.65500°W / 39.93556; -101.65500
Cleveland Run 14150 67 0 (1) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°52′35″N 101°48′20″W / 39.87639°N 101.80556°W / 39.87639; -101.80556
Jaqua 35025 46 0 (1) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°39′48″N 102°1′20″W / 39.66333°N 102.02222°W / 39.66333; -102.02222
Orlando 53050 63 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°45′36″N 101°41′0″W / 39.76000°N 101.68333°W / 39.76000; -101.68333
Wano 75375 St. Francis 2,104 2 (6) 937 (362) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°45′27″N 101°50′4″W / 39.75750°N 101.83444°W / 39.75750; -101.83444
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2015-05-10. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ National Atlas Archived December 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
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