Cheyenne Frontier Days

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Frontier Park
"Buffalo" Vernon (left) bulldogging a steer, 1910
Union Pacific 844 leads the Cheyenne Frontier Days Special near Platteville, Colorado in 2007.

Cheyenne Frontier Days™ is an outdoor rodeo and western celebration held annually since 1897 in Cheyenne, Wyoming, United States. It bills itself as the “World’s Largest Outdoor Rodeo and Western Celebration.” The event, claimed to be one of the largest of its kind in the world, draws nearly 200,000 people every year.[1] Lodging fills up quickly during the peak tourist season throughout southern and eastern Wyoming and even into Colorado and Nebraska. The celebration is held during the ten days centered about the last full week of July. In 2008, Cheyenne Frontier Days was inducted into the ProRodeo Hall of Fame.[2]

Background[edit]

The rodeo draws visitors from different parts of the United States as well as internationally. These visitors generally stay in hotels, motels, or in recreational vehicles. Temperatures around 81 degrees F (27 degrees C) and fair weather are normal for the time of year when this event is held.

Cowboy style bars and country and western themed establishments scattered throughout the city of Cheyenne are popular with many rodeo fans and participants, and they file in in large numbers after the night shows.

Overview[edit]

Prior to the annual kickoff of Cheyenne Frontier Days on a Friday, the annual walking of the steers is held on the preceding Sunday morning. This event, which attracts considerable attention, is based on the running of the bulls in Pamplona, Spain and in part inspired by the cattle drives of the Old West. In 2013, 447 steers, herded by mounted cowboys, walked a three-mile course in unison from Hynds Boulevard into Frontier Park to await the forthcoming events.[3] In 2015, 550 steers walked this route. It starts from a pasture north of the city and runs along Interstate 25, south and then through the city streets aforementioned into the park.[4]

Cheyenne Frontier Days only has a full-time staff of five people year round. The rest of the work of running the myriad of events is done by volunteers, more than 2,500 of them every year. "It's the Cheyenne thing to do" and always has been. Just reading this page one knows how many events there are that must be run and managed and it takes most of the month of July to do so. There is preparation before the event and cleanup after the event as well as all of the work that needs performed during the actual event.[5]

Rodeo[edit]

PRCA[edit]

In 2014, Cheyenne Frontier Days received the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA) Large Outdoor Rodeo of the Year award for the 16th time.[6] It was also the 10th consecutive time. Frontier Days runs nine days of fast-paced rodeo action with more sections of bull riding, saddle and bareback bronc riding than any other rodeo. The rodeo is also known for its large number of participants. All events are performed each day.[7] The rodeo draws many of the sports top competitors due to its more than $1 million in cash and prizes available.[8]

Frontier Days delivers three types of competition: roughstock events, timed events, and racing on the track. Roughstock events include bull riding, bareback bronc riding, saddle bronc riding, and rookie saddle bronc riding. Timed events include steer wrestling, team roping, tie-down roping, and women's barrel racing. Tie-down roping includes calf roping, steer roping, and senior steer roping. Some of the timed events are shown during slack.

There are also a few other select events which include saddle bronc futurity, the all-around champion, trick riding, the wild horse race, and the dinner bell derby.[9]

Timed event slack[edit]

Slack events are events that do not fit into the normal rodeo hours in the afternoon. Slack rodeo events are open to the public at no charge and usually take place in the early to mid morning hours. Slack events include calf roping, team roping, steer roping, barrel racing, and steer wrestling.[10]

Cinch rodeo shootout[edit]

Cinch rodeo shootout is a relatively new phenomenon. It is a one-day event composed of 40 competitors taking place in five events for one afternoon. At the end there is one winner. Competitors are professionals and college national champions. There is also a team format where the team represents a local business and the winner benefits a charity. Both the individual and team format is an elimination style contest. Participation is by invitation.

The five events are bareback bronc riding, barrel racing, bull riding, saddle bronc riding, and steer wrestling.[11]

Championship Bull Riding[edit]

Championship Bull Riding (CBR) returns to Cheyenne Frontier Days every year since its inaugural introduction to Frontier Days in 2012, Cheyenne is the final destination in a year-long tour entitled the "Road to Cheyenne." At stake is the world title and a $100,000 monetary prize. The CBR World Finals is also where the final event for the Million Dollar Bull Team Challenge takes place. A team of three bulls compete for a check of over $100,000 in prize money. At the end of the event, almost a half million dollars is paid out. The CBR World Finals takes place at Frontier Days during Frontier Nights™ on Monday and Tuesday nights.[12]

Events[edit]

Cheyenne Frontier Days features nightly concerts by popular music and comedy acts, a midway, a fair with rides, games, and food vendors, wild west shows featuring Western riding, an Indian village, and a large PRCA nationally sanctioned rodeo. A common moniker for the event is "The Daddy of 'em All®", based on its long history and the fact that the rodeo is billed as the largest such event in the world. The rodeo and the majority of the events are centered on the property of Frontier Park, but some of the events such as the pancake breakfasts are held in a different part of the city.[13]

Pancake Breakfasts[edit]

Three free pancake breakfasts are served each year which are sponsored by the local Kiwanis chapter. They are held every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday with close to 40,000 people taking advantage of this every year. The record for a daily breakfast is 39,111 people set in 1996. In one week, over 100,000 pancakes are served, along with over 3,000 pounds of ham. This event was started in 1952 by the Cheyenne Frontier Committee. It is frequented by locals and visitors alike. The food is cooked on military ranges.[14] The event takes place at the historic Cheyenne Depot Square.[14][15]

Grand Parade[edit]

On the days in between the free pancake breakfasts, the city of Cheyenne hosts the Grand Parade in the morning.[16] The parade starts at the Wyoming State Capitol,[17] goes down to the Cheyenne Depot Square, and then returns to the Wyoming State Capitol on an alternate street. Until 1925, with two exceptions, the Frontier Days parades were rowdy affairs. In 1926, upon request, Dazee Bristol created hardy floats which are still in use today. The parade is now composed of floats, automobiles, horse-drawn antique carriages, riders in period dress, and top marching bands.[16][18]

Indian Village[edit]

In 1898, shortly after the second Frontier Days occurred, the committee extended an invitation to Native American performers to participate in following Frontier Days. Since then, they have participated every year. They have entertained and educated visitors. One popular attraction is the Native American Village which is open throughout Frontier Days and is free. Historically, the visiting performers shifted their campground around until in the 1960s when the committee established a permanent campground, the "Indian Village." The Indian Village hosts authentic dancing, music (one such is the flute player), storytelling, and pow-wows. There are also exhibit booths and food vendors.[19]

Behind the Chutes tour[edit]

Behind the Chutes tours are free. There are 1-3 tours every day of Frontier Days. The tour follows the same path that the bucking broncs and bulls take from the pens behind the arena. The tour shows where the livestock is kept and rounded up. Then the tour follows where livestock go through the labyrinth of gates through to the chutes. Then it is out into the arena and the tour is finished by walking across the arena. Depending on what time the tour is taken, there might be livestock in the pens[20]

Chuckwagon Cookoff[edit]

Authentic chuckwagon crews visit for a few days to demonstrate life on the Goodnight Trail,[21] which was more than 100 years ago. Crews cook with standard ingredients, on which they are then judged. They are also judged on their wagon, tools, and campsite. There is one day where the public can sample their food, but only early birds will be lucky enough. The Championship Cookoff takes place on the last demonstration day. However, the champions do not get their buckles until the rodeo finals day.[22]

Old Frontier Town[edit]

The Old Frontier Town is open every day of Frontier Days. It is free and is located between the Old West Museum and the Indian Village. There are merchants at some buildings. Some buildings have demonstrations by craftspeople and artisans.There are also special western guest characters from time to time. Previous attendees might be familiar with its previous name, Wild Horse Gulch[23]

Carnival Midway[edit]

On the Frontier Park itself, not far from the stadium, there is the carnival midway, a fair with games, rides, and food vendors. The carnival runs the entire length of Frontier Days. There are a number of different options for daily and season passes.[24]

Buckin'A Saloon[edit]

This saloon is located on Frontier Park.The saloon is open from 11 a.m. until Midnight. This makes it available to anyone who is there for the rodeo and its events in the day. And then in the evening, there are nightly concert ticket giveaways, beer specials, bands, and the usual good time. It runs most nights of Frontier Days.[25]

Fiesta Day[edit]

One day per year Frontier Days celebrates Fiesta Day. This is a day of Latino entertainment featuring folk dancers and other family events. Events typically include Conjunto Azero, Balet Folklorico Angelitas Unidas, Perfil Norteño, Balet Folklorico Rayos del Sol, Tropical Kaoba, Contests and Giveaways, and the musical group, Grupo Control.[26][27]

United States Air Force Thunderbirds[edit]

Another annual event is an air show featuring the United States Air Force Thunderbirds Air Demonstration Squadron,[28] which takes place on Wednesday. The Thunderbirds share a long history with Cheyenne Frontier Days as they made their public debut there in 1953 and have continued to perform regularly since then. The ground portion of this show along with static displays and flying of other aircraft takes place on the United States Air National Guard side of the Cheyenne Regional Airport. The Thunderbirds' main aerobatic display is performed over the campus at the Laramie County Community College.

Affiliated Events[edit]

Old West Museum and Store[edit]

Cheyenne Frontier Days Old West Museum is open all year round. There is a modest admission fee. It is located on Frontier Park. A statue of bull rider rodeo icon Lane Frost riding a bull stands near the entrance. There is an extensive exhibit of western carriages. There is also a permanent exhibit on the history of Cheyenne Frontier Days. During Frontier Days, there is also a Western Art Show and Sale in the museum. The museum also hosts the Cheyenne Frontier Days Hall of Fame for its rodeo. Inductees include legends such as Lane Frost, Chris LeDoux, Johnny Cash, Charlie Daniels, Reba McEntire, George Strait, and Garth Brooks.[29][30]

Art Show and Sale[edit]

Circa 1980, the annual Western Art Show has been taking place in the Cheyenne Frontier Days Old West Museum. To kick off the art show, a reception is held on the first day, which is usually also the opening day of Frontier Days. Top western and wildlife artists are featured using many different mediums and coming from all over the country. They all share a love for the American West. Those who register for the reception get many special benefits. First there is a buy-it-now option, which enables ticket holders to instantly purchase art at a premium. Then there is a live auction. Both of these enable ticket holders a chance to purchase art before it is made available to the general public. Tickets are pricey because they include art show admission,[31] the Governor’s Mansion[32] reception, the official Western Art Show poster, the official show catalogue and a western dinner. Note that elite table options are also available. After the special events are concluded, the general public is free to view and purchase art at the museum by paying the museum admission fee.[31]

Fort D.A. Russell Days[edit]

F.E. Warren Air Force Base and Cheyenne have a long history together. The U.S. Cavalry founded Fort D.A. Russell in 1867, the same year Cheyenne was founded. And the fort became the air force base. For a few days during Frontier Days, the base conducts tours and specials. There are historic home tours, military reenactments, and tours of missile systems. There are also other specials, demonstrations, and transportation. The base is located on the outskirts of Western Cheyenne off Interstate 25.[33]

Cowboy Church[edit]

Cowboy Church is held the first and last Sunday of Frontier Days. Services are held in the B Stand. Location is subject to change. Some services are held non-denominational and everyone is welcome to attend. Some services are held for the cowboys, such as Fellowship of Christian Cowboys.[34][35]

Wyoming National Guard Open House[edit]

One day during Frontier Days, the Wyoming National Guard may open its doors to the public. This event does not occur every year. The open house features equipment displays of the National Guard and of the F.E. Warren Air Force Base. Sometimes the U.S. Navy Parachute Team, "The Leap Frogs," performs at the event. There are shuttle buses from Frontier Mall to the event. Valid IDs are required. Security enforcement is in place at the base.[36][37]

History[edit]

  • Cheyenne held its first Frontier Days celebration in 1897. It started as an old-fashioned cowboy roundup that took place for one day. Events included pony races, bronco busting, and steer roping among others. At the time, these events were seen as a test of a cowboy's skill. The inaugural event was so successful that the next year it was expanded to two days and a parade was added. The rodeo expanded as the years went on and more affiliated events were added. Its reputation increased as well. And today it is one of the most authentic and largest rodeo events in the world.[38]
  • Clayton Danks, the winner of three Cheyenne Frontier Days competitions prior to 1910, is the model cowboy on the horse Steamboat on the Wyoming trademark, the Bucking Horse and Rider.[39]
  • From 1908 to 1970, an almost-annual train (skipped 1924, WWII years) carried travelers between Union Station in Denver, Colorado and the Cheyenne Depot Museum.[40] The final train in 1970 had 27 cars with 1,127 guests. Revived in 1992 for the Denver Post's 100th anniversary, the "Centennial Special" used Amtrak locomotives with Ski Train coaches and carried almost 800 passengers, including Colorado Governor Roy Romer and Denver Mayor Wellington Webb. In 1994, the excursion train returned as an annual event. It typically consists of Union Pacific 844, a Union Pacific water car, a helper diesel engine, a tool car, and as many as 22 passenger coaches. After Denver's Union Station renovation resulted in a greatly shortened passenger platform, the train's been based at a site near the Denver Coliseum, where it's on display the day before. Tickets for the popular trip are available by lottery and proceeds benefit the Denver Post Community Foundation.
  • In 1996, Shirley E. Flynn of Cheyenne wrote a history of Cheyenne Frontier Days called Let's Go! Let's Show! Let's Rodeo! The History of Cheyenne Frontier Days. The book declares that the celebration was a full success from the first year.[41]
  • On December 4, 2014, Cheyenne Frontier Days won the 2014 PRCA Large Outdoor Rodeo of the Year for the 15th time and the 10th consecutive time at an award banquet last night in Las Vegas. Cheyenne Frontier Days has previously received the PRCA Large Outdoor Rodeo of the Year award in 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013. PRCA rodeo personnel vote on the finalists for this award. An award banquet is held during the National Finals Rodeo where the winner is announced.[6]
  • In 2015, the concert lineup was considered to be their best ever, with the opening weekend featuring Miranda Lambert and Big & Rich.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Record-breaking Frontier Days a success". www.wyomingbusinessreport.com. Wyoming Business Report. Archived from the original on February 10, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days - Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame". Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 12, 2017. 
  3. ^ "James Chilton, "Power steering: Cattle drive marks the start of Frontier Days"". wyomingnews.com. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  4. ^ "2015 Cattle Drive". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days - Volunteers". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Cheyenne Frontier Days Large Outdoor Rodeo Award". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 6 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days - PRCA Rodeo". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days draws top competitors". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  9. ^ Cheyenne Frontier Days Out of the Chutes (Wednesday ed.). Frontier Park: Cheyenne Frontier Days. July 27, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Timed event slack". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  11. ^ "Cinch rodeo shootout". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  12. ^ "Championship Bull Riding". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days events". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b "Cheyenne Frontier Days Pancake Breakfast". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Cheyenne Depot Museum & Transportion Museum". www.cheyennedepotmuseum.org/. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  16. ^ a b "Grand Parade". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  17. ^ "Wyoming State Capitol Building". www.cheyenne.org. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  18. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days Interactive Brochure". www.vacationfun.com. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  19. ^ "Indian Village". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  20. ^ "Behind the Chutes tour". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  21. ^ "The Goodnight-Loving Trail". www.legendsofamerica.com. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  22. ^ "Chuckwagon Cookoff". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  23. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  24. ^ "Carnival Midway". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  25. ^ "Buckin'A Saloon". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  26. ^ "Fiesta Day". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  27. ^ "Fiesta Day with Grupo Control". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  28. ^ "U.S.A.F. Thunderbirds | America's Ambassadors in Blue". afthunderbirds.com. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  29. ^ "Old West Museum". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  30. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days Hall of Fame". www.oldwestmuseum.org. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  31. ^ a b "Art Show and Sale". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  32. ^ "Historic Governors' Mansion". www.cheyenne.org. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  33. ^ "Fort D.A. Russell Days". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  34. ^ "Fellowship Of Christian Cowboys". christiancowboys.com. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  35. ^ "Cowboy Church". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  36. ^ "Wyoming National Guard". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  37. ^ "The Leap Frogs". www.cfdrodeo.com. Cheyenne Frontier Days. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  38. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days Rodeo 2016-Cheyenne Wyoming". Cowboy Lifestyle Network. 2016-07-05. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  39. ^ "Kelsey Bray, Blazin' saddle". Wyoming Tribune-Eagle. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  40. ^ "Denver Post Cheyenne Frontier Days Train". Retrieved March 12, 2017. 
  41. ^ "The Wyoming Authors Wiki / Shirley Flynn". wyomingauthors.pbworks.com. Retrieved 8 July 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°8′44″N 104°48′7″W / 41.14556°N 104.80194°W / 41.14556; -104.80194