Cheyney University of Pennsylvania

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Cheyney University of Pennsylvania
Cheyney University shield.png
Former names
Institute for Colored Youth
Cheyney State Normal School
Cheyney Training School for Teachers
Cheyney State Teachers College
Cheyney State College
Type Public
Established 1837
Affiliation Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education
Chairman Robert W. Bogle
Chancellor Frank Brogan
President Frank Pogue[1]
Provost Robert DixonProvost and Vice President for Academic Affairs
Undergraduates 711 pupils (2015)[2]
1,519 (2001)[3]
Location Cheyney, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Colors Royal blue and white
         
Athletics NCAA Division IIPSAC (East)
Nickname Wolves
Website www.cheyney.edu

Cheyney University of Pennsylvania is a public, co-educational historically black university that is a part of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. Cheyney University has a 275-acre (1.11 km2) campus that is located in the Cheyney community within Thornbury Township, Chester County and Thornbury Township, Delaware County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Cheyney University is a member-school of Thurgood Marshall College Fund. The university offers bachelor's and master's degrees.[4] In November 2015, the Middle States Commission on Higher Education placed Cheyney University on probation. Administrators are required to address a variety of issues including finances, leadership, and assessment of learning.[5]

History[edit]

Melrose Cottage, built in 1805.
Library

Built on land donated by the prominent Cheyney family, the university was founded as the African Institute in February 1837 and renamed the Institute of Colored Youth (ICY) in April 1837, Cheyney University is the oldest African-American institution of higher learning.

Unlike Lincoln University and some others HBCUs, Cheyney did not award degrees until 1914, when it adopted the curriculum of a normal school (teacher training). The African Institute was founded by Richard Humphreys, a Quaker philanthropist who bequeathed $10,000, one-tenth of his estate, to design and establish a school to educate people of African descent and prepare them as teachers.

Born on a plantation on Tortola, an island in the British West Indies, Humphreys came to Philadelphia in 1764. Many Quakers were abolitionists, and he became concerned about the struggles of free people of color to make a living and gain education in a discriminatory society. News of a race riot against free blacks in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1829 inspired Humphreys to bequeath money in his will for higher education for free blacks. He charged thirteen fellow Quakers to design an institution "to instruct the descendents of the African Race in school learning, in the various branches of the mechanic Arts, trades and Agriculture, in order to prepare and fit and qualify them to act as teachers ..."

Founded as the African Institute, the school was soon renamed the Institute for Colored Youth. In its early years, it provided training in trades and agriculture, as those were the predominant skills needed in the general economy. In 1902 the Institute was relocated to George Cheyney's farm, a 275-acre property 25 miles (40 km) west of Philadelphia.[6] The name "Cheyney" became associated with the school in 1913. The school's official name changed several times during the 20th century. In 1983, Cheyney was taken into the State System of Higher Education as Cheyney University of Pennsylvania.

The university has traditionally offered opportunities to many students from Philadelphia's inner city schools.[6] Its alumni have close ties in the city and state. It became part of a 1980 civil rights lawsuit against the state government; it alleged that the state had unlawfully underfunded the historically black university. The suit was settled 19 years later in 1999. This was five years after the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights began investigating states "that once practiced segregation in higher education and were never officially found to have eliminated it."[7] In the settlement, the state agreed to provide $35 million to Cheyney over a five-year period, particularly for construction of needed buildings and academic development. By comparison, the university had an annual budget of about $23 million at the time.[7]

Financial troubles[edit]

In 2013 The Philadelphia Inquirer characterized the university as having "struggled for years with low enrollment and funding woes as have many other historically black universities." A group of students, alumni, and elected officials threatened to revive the 1980 civil rights lawsuit against the state, believing the institution was still underfunded. State spokesmen noted the university received a high rate of funding on a per capita student basis, and had received recent capital investment.[6] One year later, in December 2014, Pennsylvania Auditor General Eugene DiPasquale reported on a state financial audit of Cheyney. The audit found that total operating expenses at Cheyney the last three years of the audit period greatly exceeded available revenues. Cheyney University had a negative balance of $12.3 million on operating expenses of $46.6 million. Its budget for 2014-15 projects a shortfall of $5.5 million.[8] The following year, a federal Department of Education audit found that Cheyney officials had failed to keep adequate records to document $29.6 million in federal grants and loans awarded to students in 2011-12 and 2013-14.[9][10]

Cheyney University Quad[edit]

Summary of information about the Cheyney Quad

Burleigh Hall

Harry T. Burleigh Hall (1928) is named for Harry T. Burleigh, the first critically successful African American composer and a major international figure in the world of music in the 20th century. His works include “Nobody knows the Trouble I‘ve Seen”. Burleigh also provided insight for the composition of the Cheyney Alma Mater, written by Leslie Pinckney Hill. The building, which forms the eastern end of the historic Quadrangle, was 1842 to 1875. Cope was instrumental in helping to raise funds for the institute throughout his long and loyal tenure as a board member.

Browne Hall

Hugh M. Browne Hall (1938), was originally constructed as a home economics center, and is named for Hugh Mason Browne, who was principal of the school from 1903 to 1913. It subsequently served as Cheyney’s reception center, and housing for several administrative offices. Current plans call for renovation after which it will house high achieving students.

Dudley Hall

Dudley Hall (1931), named for Katherine Dudley a pioneering music faculty member, was formerly named Pennsylvania Hall. Dudley Hall was originally a gymnasium and later the home of the music department. After a renovation it became a fine arts center and theatre for student productions. The Dudley theatre has seen performances by Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee, in addition to highly regarded student productions.

Carnegie Library

Andrew Carnegie Hall (1909) is located on the quadrangle and is named for one of America’s most famous philanthropists, the steel magnate, Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919). Carnegie had a passion for libraries and donated millions for the construction of libraries across the United States. Carnegie donated funding ($10,000) for the first library building constructed for the Institute for Colored Youth (ICY) in 1909. The building served as library, cafeteria, and gymnasium and study area. In 1962 an addition was constructed for classroom use, and later housed the business department. After a renovation, the grand hall is now used for special receptions.

Emlen Hall

Emlen Hall (1904) is named for Samuel Emlen, Quaker board member, and the founder of the Emlen Institute in Philadelphia, from whose estate the ICY had earlier received considerable financial aid. Construction on Emlen was begun in 1904 and completed in 1905. Emlen was originally a dormitory for women; however, later it was used for staff housing, business support services, and the business school. Currently, it is used for housing for the Keystone Honor Academy Students. Only these honor students are offered the privilege to stay in the historic building.

Humphreys Hall Richard Humphreys Hall (1903), located on the historic quadrangle, Humphreys Hall was the very first building constructed under the governance of the Quaker Board of Governors. Construction began in 1903, and the building was in use by 1904. Named in honor of Richard Humphreys (1750-1832), the Quaker philanthropist and founder of the Institute for Colored Youth (ICY), who’s will, bequeathed the generous donation that enabled the establishment of the institution in 1837. Humphreys Hall has variously been used as a classroom building, industrial building, co-educational dormitory, and combination dining- room/kitchen. Originally called the “Industrial Building”, it was dedicated “Humphreys Hall” in honor of Richard Humphreys in June 1906. After an extensive renovation, the new use of the building is to house Humphrey's Scholars.

Biddle Hall

Biddle Hall

James G. Biddle Hall (1938), an administration building, is named for James G. Biddle who served on the Cheyney Board from 1912 until his death in 1947. When then-Cheyney Training School for Teachers was purchased by the Commonwealth, he became Chairman of the Board of Trustees appointed by the governor. The building previously housed the computer center and math and computer sciences department. After a later renovation, it currently houses offices for the President, Vice Presidents for Student Affairs, and Institutional Advancement, and an art gallery. On the Quad, it is located across from Browne Hall, is parallel to Humphries Hall and diagonal from Burleigh Hall.

Other Cheyney University Buildings[edit]

Marian Anderson Music Center

Marian Anderson Music Center (1970) is named for the internationally famous contralto from Philadelphia, who performed at Cheyney, and attended the center’s dedication ceremony. The classroom building with accompanying auditorium also contains practice suites. The 36,000 square foot facility contains state-of-the-art acoustics and a wireless communication system installed. Marian Anderson (1897-1993) was one of the most celebrated contraltos of the Twentieth Century.

Marcus A. Foster Student Alumni Center

Marcus A. Foster Student Alumni Center (1970), is named in honor of Marcus Foster, a Cheyney alumnus (class of 1946), and renowned educator, who was assassinated while serving with distinction as superintendent of the Oakland, California public school system. An addition was constructed in 1975, with accommodations for student and administrative offices, bookstore, lounges, and an auditorium. Currently, it also houses a state-of-the-art computer lab on the third floor that was recently updated in 2016.

Leslie Pinckney Hill Library

Leslie Pinckney Hill Library (1974) was named for Dr. Leslie Pinckney Hill (1880-1960), the first president of Cheyney who led the school for thirty-eight years, from 1913 to 1951. The tri-level building is nearly four times the size of the original Carnegie Library that it replaced. Among its treasures are portraits by Laura Wheeler Waring. The library also houses the University Archives. It received an extensive renovation in 2016.

Vaux Hall

Vaux Hall (1960) was constructed as the industrial arts center. Named for two Quaker financial supporters of the Institute, George Vaux, Sr. and George Vaux, Jr. Both men furthered Humphreys’ bequeath for the Institute for Colored Youth, including the Emlen Trust via vigorous fundraising. Vaux Hall served metal technology, drafting and CAD applications, photography, radio and broadcast sciences and printing graphics technology which was a staple of Cheyney University through the early 1990s. Vaux continues in its importance today to the fine arts, and information technology.

Wade Wilson Administration Center

Wade Wilson Administration Center (1979) was named for Dr. Wade Wilson (1914-1988), an alumnus, former star athlete, and industrial arts professor. Dr. Wilson was the fourth president of Cheyney University, and served as president from 1968 to 1981. During his tenure as president Dr. Wilson was an active presence in the legislative arena on behalf of the university. The Wade Wilson building was built in 1980 and occupied in 1981 as the new location for the Office of the President. Later, other administrative offices were moved to the building. Currently, the building houses the offices of the Provost, the Office of the Vice President for Finance, the mailroom, registrar, Human Resources, Financial Aid, and related support offices.

Presidents[edit]

Frank Pogue, Ph.D. Appointed October 2014 Interim [1]

Phyllis Worthy Dawkins, Ph.D. Acting [11]

Michelle R. Howard-Vital 11th President (2007-2014),[12]

Wallace C. Arnold, 10th Cheyney University President (2004-2007)

W. Clinton Pettus, 9th Cheyney University President. (1996-2004)

H. Douglas Covington, 8th Cheyney University President (1992-1995)

Valarie Swain-Cade McCoullum (interim) 7th President (1991-1992)[13]

LeVerne McCummings, 6th Cheyney University President (1985-1991)

Dr. Leslie Pinckney Hill, founder and president of then Cheyney State Teachers College (1913-1951)[14]

Athletics[edit]

Cheyney University has one of the most storied basketball programs in NCAA Division II history. The men's basketball program is 7th all-time in NCAA win percentage, including 16 PSAC conference championships, four Final Fours, and one National Championship (1978). The women's basketball team in 1982 competed in the championship game of the inaugural NCAA Division I tournament despite being a Division II school.

In 2009, Cheyney University hired the first ever NCAA men's and women's basketball coaches who are brother and sister. The men's coach was Dominique Stephens, a North Carolina Central University graduate and member of the NCAA Division II Basketball Championship team, and the women's coach was Marilyn Stephens, the Temple University Hall of Famer.

During the 2007-08 through 2010-11 academic years, the university violated NCAA rules in the certification of initial, transfer and continuing eligibility involving all sports programs. During the four-year period, numerous student-athletes competed while ineligible due to improper certification. In amateurism certification alone, 109 student-athletes practiced, competed and received travel expenses and/or athletically related financial aid before the university received their amateurism certification status from the NCAA Eligibility Center. The committee also concluded that a former compliance director failed to monitor when she did not follow proper procedures in the certification of student-athletes’ eligibility. The entire athletics program is on probation until August 2019.[15][16]

Notable alumni[edit]

Edward Rudolph "Ed" Bradley Jr, was an American journalist. Bradley graduated from Cheyney State College (as of 1983 it is now known as Cheyney University of Pennsylvania[17]) with a degree in education. Bradley took the skills he had acquired from his time at Cheyney and used those skills in order to have a successful award-winning 26 year journalism career. Bradley is best known for his work on the CBS News television program 60 Minutes. From 1976–1981 he served as a part-time correspondent on the news show. From 1981 up until his death in 2006 he was a host of the program.[18] During his lengthy career, Bradley covered the fall of Saigon, and became the first African American television correspondent to cover the White House. Bradley was also the first African American to anchor their own news broadcast. A ribbon cutting ceremony was held on February 22, 2011 at Cheyney University for a television studio dedicated in his honor.[19] This studio was created to both honor Bradley’s memory and help educate the next generation of future journalist and anchors.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (October 2014). "Frank Pogue to Lead Cheyney University of Pennsylvania". 
  2. ^ Susan Snyder and Michaelle Bond, (October 8, 2015). "Cheyney U. enrollment halved in last five years". Inquirer. 
  3. ^ "Cheyney University of Pennsylvania". College Board. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  4. ^ Williams, Juan; Dwayne Ashley; Shawn Rhea (2004). I'll Find a Way or Make One: A Tribute to Historically Black Colleges and Universities. HarperCollins. p. 453. ISBN 978-0-06-009456-0. 
  5. ^ Bill Schackner (November 30, 2015). "Cheyney University placed on probation by accrediting body". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 
  6. ^ a b c Susan Snyder (September 23, 2013). "Cheyney coalition threatens to revive federal suit for fair funding". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Patrick Healy (May 19, 1999). "Pennsylvania to Spend $35-Million on Cheyney U. as Part of Federal Anti-Bias Pact". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  8. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General Eugene DiPasquale (December 2014). "Performance Audit Cheyney University PASHE" (PDF). 
  9. ^ Debra Erdley (October 7, 2015). "Pennsylvania university enrollments continue to decline". Pittsburgh Tribune Live. 
  10. ^ Debra Erdley (August 27, 2015). "Audit: Cheyney University failed to document student eligibility for nearly $30M in federal aid". Pittsburgh Tribune Live. 
  11. ^ Jan Murphy (October 28, 2014). "Salaries on the rise for presidents, chancellors at the 14 state universities". Harrisburg Patriot News - Pennlive.com. 
  12. ^ Susan Snyder (July 5, 2014). "Cheyney president out, acting president to step in Monday". Philadelphia Inquirer. 
  13. ^ Cheyney University Administration, Cheyney University Timeline, 2015
  14. ^ "Hill, Leslie Pinckney (1880-1960) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed". www.blackpast.org. Retrieved 2016-09-29. 
  15. ^ http://www.ncaa.com/news/ncaa/article/2014-08-21/cheyney-penalized-after-committing-eligibility-certification-violations
  16. ^ National Collegiate Athletic Association#Division II institutions on probation
  17. ^ http://www.cheyney.edu/about-cheyney-university/
  18. ^ http://www.cbsnews.com/news/60-minutes-ed-bradley-dead-at-65/
  19. ^ http://www.cheyney.edu/English-Languages-CommArts/Communication-Arts.cfm

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°55′55″N 75°31′44″W / 39.932°N 75.529°W / 39.932; -75.529