Cheyney University of Pennsylvania
|Institute for Colored Youth
Cheyney State Normal School
Cheyney State Teachers College
Cheyney State College
|Affiliation||Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education|
|Chairman||Robert W. Bogle|
|Provost||Phyllis Worthy Dawkins Vice President for Academic Affairs|
711 pupils (2015)
|Location||Cheyney, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|Colors||Royal blue and white
|Athletics||NCAA Division II – PSAC (East)|
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania is a public, co-educational historically black university that is a part of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education (PASSHE). Cheyney University has a 275-acre (1.11 km2) campus that is located in the Cheyney community within Thornbury Township, Chester County and Thornbury Township, Delaware County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Cheyney University is a member-school of Thurgood Marshall College Fund. The university offers bachelor's and master's degrees. In November 2015, the Middle States Commission on Higher Education placed Cheyney University on probation. Administrators are required to address a variety of issues including finances, leadership, and assessment of learning.
Founded as the African Institute in February 1837 and renamed the Institute of Colored Youth (ICY) in April 1837, Cheyney University is the oldest African-American institution of higher learning.
Unlike Lincoln University and some others HBCUs, Cheyney did not award degrees until 1914, when it adopted the curriculum of a normal school (teacher training). The African Institute was founded by Richard Humphreys, a Quaker philanthropist who bequeathed $10,000, one-tenth of his estate, to design and establish a school to educate people of African descent and prepare them as teachers.
Born on a plantation on Tortola, an island in the British West Indies, Humphreys came to Philadelphia in 1764. Many Quakers were abolitionists, and he became concerned about the struggles of free people of color to make a living and gain education in a discriminatory society. News of a race riot against free blacks in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1829 inspired Humphreys to bequeath money in his will for higher education for free blacks. He charged thirteen fellow Quakers to design an institution "to instruct the descendents of the African Race in school learning, in the various branches of the mechanic Arts, trades and Agriculture, in order to prepare and fit and qualify them to act as teachers ..."
Founded as the African Institute, the school was soon renamed the Institute for Colored Youth. In its early years, it provided training in trades and agriculture, as those were the predominant skills needed in the general economy. In 1902 the Institute was relocated to George Cheyney's farm, a 275-acre property 25 miles (40 km) west of Philadelphia. The name "Cheyney" became associated with the school in 1913. The school's official name changed several times during the 20th century. In 1983, Cheyney was taken into the State System of Higher Education as Cheyney University of Pennsylvania.
The university has traditionally offered opportunities to many students from Philadelphia's inner city schools. Its alumni have close ties in the city and state. It became part of a 1980 civil rights lawsuit against the state government; it alleged that the state had unlawfully underfunded the historically black university. The suit was settled 19 years later in 1999. This was five years after the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights began investigating states "that once practiced segregation in higher education and were never officially found to have eliminated it." In the settlement, the state agreed to provide $35 million to Cheyney over a five-year period, particularly for construction of needed buildings and academic development. By comparison, the university had an annual budget of about $23 million at the time.
Fourteen years later, in 2013 The Philadelphia Inquirer characterized the university as having "struggled for years with low enrollment and funding woes as have many other historically black universities." A group of students, alumni, and elected officials threatened to revive the 1980 civil rights lawsuit against the state, believing the institution was still underfunded. State spokesmen noted the university received a high rate of funding on a per capita student basis, and had received recent capital investment.
The university offers baccalaureate degrees in more than 30 disciplines, and master's degrees in education and public administration.
Frank Pogue, Ph.D. Appointed October 2014 (salary $200,000)
Phyllis Worthy Dawkins, Ph.D. Acting (Salary base salary of $201,125 in 2014)
Wallace C. Arnold, 10th Cheyney University President (2004-2007)
W. Clinton Pettus, 9th Cheyney University President. (1996-2004)
H. Douglas Covington, 8th Cheyney University President (1992-1995)
Valarie Swain-Cade McCoullum (interim) 7th President (1991-1992)
LeVerne McCummings, 6th Cheyney University President (1985-1991)
In 2015, a federal Department of Education audit found that Cheyney officials had failed to keep adequate records to document $29.6 million in federal grants and loans awarded to students in 2011-12 and 2013-14.
In December 2014, Pennsylvania Auditor General Eugene DiPasquale reported on a state financial audit of Cheyney. The audit found that total operating expenses at Cheyney the last three years of the audit period greatly exceeded available revenues. Cheyney University had a negative balance of $12.3 million on operating expenses of $46.6 million. Its budget for 2014-15 projects a shortfall of $5.5 million.
Cheyney University has one of the most storied basketball programs in NCAA Division II history. The men's basketball program is 7th all-time in NCAA win percentage, including 16 PSAC conference championships, four Final Fours, and one National Championship (1978). The women's basketball team in 1982 competed in the championship game of the inaugural NCAA Division I tournament despite being a Division II school.
In 2009, Cheyney University hired the first ever NCAA men's and women's basketball coaches who are brother and sister. The men's coach is Dominique Stephens, a North Carolina Central University graduate and member of the NCAA Division II Basketball Championship team, and the women's coach is Marilyn Stephens, the Temple University Hall of Famer.
During the 2007-08 through 2010-11 academic years, the university violated NCAA rules in the certification of initial, transfer and continuing eligibility involving all sports programs. During the four-year period, numerous student-athletes competed while ineligible due to improper certification. In amateurism certification alone, 109 student-athletes practiced, competed and received travel expenses and/or athletically related financial aid before the university received their amateurism certification status from the NCAA Eligibility Center. The committee also concluded that a former compliance director failed to monitor when she did not follow proper procedures in the certification of student-athletes’ eligibility. The entire athletics program is on probation until August 2019.
Notable alumni and faculty
- Lincoln University, Pennsylvania's other public historically black university
- The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (October 2014). "Frank Pogue to Lead Cheyney University of Pennsylvania".
- Susan Snyder and Michaelle Bond, (October 8, 2015). "Cheyney U. enrollment halved in last five years". Inquirer.
- "Cheyney University of Pennsylvania". College Board. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- Williams, Juan; Dwayne Ashley; Shawn Rhea (2004). I'll Find a Way or Make One: A Tribute to Historically Black Colleges and Universities. HarperCollins. p. 453. ISBN 978-0-06-009456-0.
- Bill Schackner (November 30, 2015). "Cheyney University placed on probation by accrediting body". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- Susan Snyder (September 23, 2013). "Cheyney coalition threatens to revive federal suit for fair funding". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- Patrick Healy (May 19, 1999). "Pennsylvania to Spend $35-Million on Cheyney U. as Part of Federal Anti-Bias Pact". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- Jan Murphy (October 28, 2014). "Salaries on the rise for presidents, chancellors at the 14 state universities". Harrisburg Patriot News - Pennlive.com.
- Susan Snyder (July 5, 2014). "Cheyney president out, acting president to step in Monday". Philadelphia Inquirer.
- Lancaster Online.com (March 19, 2013). "List of salaries at Pennsylvania's state-owned universities".
- Cheyney University Administration, Cheyney University Timeline, 2015
- Debra Erdley (October 7, 2015). "Pennsylvania university enrollments continue to decline". Pittsburgh Tribune Live.
- Debra Erdley (August 27, 2015). "Audit: Cheyney University failed to document student eligibility for nearly $30M in federal aid". Pittsburgh Tribune Live.
- Pennsylvania Auditor General Eugene DiPasquale (December 2014). "Performance Audit Cheyney University PASHE" (PDF).
- National Collegiate Athletic Association#Division II institutions on probation