Chhachhrauli

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Chhachhrauli
town
Chhachhrauli is located in Haryana
Chhachhrauli
Chhachhrauli
Location in Haryana, India
Chhachhrauli is located in India
Chhachhrauli
Chhachhrauli
Chhachhrauli (India)
Coordinates: 30°15′N 77°22′E / 30.25°N 77.37°E / 30.25; 77.37Coordinates: 30°15′N 77°22′E / 30.25°N 77.37°E / 30.25; 77.37
Country India
StateHaryana
DistrictYamuna Nagar
Elevation
258 m (846 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total9,720
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR
Websiteharyana.gov.in

Chhachhrauli is a tehsil and Gram Panchayat town consisting 20 Wards in Yamuna Nagar district in the state of Haryana, India. It is 11 km north-east of Jagadhari. Chachhraulli is often termed as "Cherapunjii of Haryana" as it receives maximum amount of rain in whole Haryana and Punjab, average for Haryana is 450mm in monsoon and Chachhraulli receives 1100 mm. It was a municipal committee up to 1998. Before independence in 1947, it was the capital of the princely state of Kalsia. The origin of word Chhachhrauli is believed to be "Sat Sherawali" due to a temple located near bus terminus. Chhachhrauli basically has two areas - 1. KHADAR - It is a low lying area near banks of Yamuna River . Predominantly it consists of Hindu Gujjars and has fertile lands for agriculture . But it is often struck by floods . Average rainfall is 1050 mm . 2. GHAAD- it is a high elevated area near shivalik hills . Predominantly consists of Muslim Population . Land here is sandy which is not fertile for agriculture . Weather here is extreme. Very hot in summers and very cold in winters . Average rainfall is about 1200 mm. Highest in Haryana , due to Shiwalik hills

Geography[edit]

Chhachhrauli is very near to the boundaries of UP, Himachal, and Uttarakhand. It is surrounded by the historical Gurudwara Of Paonta Shahib, mythical Kapal Mochan (Bilaspur) and well-known Panchmukhi Hanuman Temple. It is believed that the five Pandava brothers worshiped for some time after having won the Kurukshetra battle in Mahabharata.

Chhachhrauli has a big Grain Market (Anaj Mandi) where all the farmers from the surrounding areas bring their agriculture produce for selling. It is the hub of many villages like Singhpura, Sherpur, Chuharpur Khurd, Urjani, Yaqub Pur, Dasaura and Pipli Majra. On Chhachhrauli - Paunta Sahib Road, Balachor, Panjeto, Mukarib Pur, Manakpur on Chhachhrauli-Jagadhari road, Ganauli, Ganaula, Chholi Basatiyavala on Chhachhrauli- Bilaspur road.

History[edit]

Chhachhrauli was earlier the capital of Kalsia State created by Jat king Gurbaksh Singh in 1763,[1] and had two Tehsils outside Chhachhrauli, namely Dera Basi (near Chandigarh) and Kalsia (near Amritsar). Kalsia State was one of the eight States in Punjab which formed PEPSU after Independence in 1947. Later on it was merged with Punjab, and, in 1966 with Haryana.

Chhachhrauli Fort[edit]

Chhachhrauli Fort was built by the Raja of erstwhile Kalsia state. The Fort here earlier housed the State Departments, including the State Treasury and Tosh-i-Khana, and with a Dewan-Khana for official meetings, darbars and functions of the Raja Kalsia. It still has a Clock Tower occupying a prominent place in the Fort area. Fort also houses "Ravi Mahal" and "Janak Niwas".[1] This Fort presently is in ruins. Unfortunately, the Haryana State Government hardly pays any attention towards its proper upkeep and maintenance.

Education[edit]

Government Senior Secondary School, which was upgraded from high school. During the earlier period of its history it was called M.K.High School (Meredith Kalsia High School) named after the Senior British Official of Ambala District during the British period who was invited to lay the foundation stone of the building of the School in 1912. The school was opened by Lt. Col. G.M.Dallas, I.A.C.S.I, Commissioner and Pol. Agent on 21 December 1915. The school has celebrated its 100th anniversary on 21 December 2015.

The Haryana State Government started a Government College a few years ago and the College now has its own new building. The classes are being held in this new building for the past few years.Chhachhrauli also has a separate Government Senior Secondary School for Girls which functions from within the premises of the Diwan-Khana situated in the Fort of the erstwhile Kalsia State. These educational facilities are being found most useful not only by the local population but also by the large rural population surrounding the town.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Chhachhrauli had a population of 9720. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chhachhrauli has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 65%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Yamunanagar History, Gazatteer of Haryana: Yamunanagar.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.