Chhapra

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This article is about the municipality in Bihar, India. For its namesake district, see Saran District.
Chhapra
छपरा
Chapra
City
Rajendra Sarovar
Rajendra Sarovar
Chhapra is located in Bihar
Chhapra
Chhapra
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274Coordinates: 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274
Country  India
State Bihar
District Saran
Area
 • Urban 38.26 km2 (14.77 sq mi)
Elevation 36 m (118 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 201,598
 • Urban 249,556
Demonym(s) Chhaprahvi
Languages
 • Official Bhojpuri, Awadhi, Hindi, Urdu, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 841301, 841302(Sarha)
Telephone code +916152
Lok Sabha constituency Saran
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chapra
Website saran.bih.nic.in & chhapra.co.in

Chhapra (also written Chapra) is a city and headquarters of the Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated near the junction of the Ghaghara River and the Ganges River.

Chhapra grew in importance as a river-based market in the 18th century when the Dutch,[1][2] French, Portuguese, and English established saltpeter refineries in the area. It was recognized as a municipality in 1864.[citation needed] The city has major rail and road connections with the rest of India and a distance of few minutes from Uttar Pradesh by Train. There is a well known[3] shakti peeth temple in Chhapra named Ambika Bhavani.

Geography[edit]

Thana Chowk
Rajendra Sarovar

Chhapra is located at 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274.[4] It has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 ft).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chhapra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
25.8
(78.4)
31.0
(87.8)
35.1
(95.2)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.8
(91)
32.5
(90.5)
31.6
(88.9)
29.0
(84.2)
24.8
(76.6)
30.68
(87.22)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
21.2
(70.2)
15.8
(60.4)
10.6
(51.1)
18.18
(64.72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.512)
14.0
(0.551)
9.0
(0.354)
29.0
(1.142)
76.0
(2.992)
139.0
(5.472)
353.0
(13.898)
254.0
(10)
193.0
(7.598)
73.0
(2.874)
6.0
(0.236)
7.0
(0.276)
97.17
(3.8256)
Source: Accuweather[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, Chapra Urban Agglomeration had a population of 212,955.[6] Chapra Urban Agglomeration includes Chapra (Nagar Panchayat) and Sanrha (Census Town).[7] chapra Nagar Panchayat had a total population of 201,597, out of which 106,250 were males and 95,347 were females. It had a sex ratio of 897. The population below 5 years was 27,668. The literacy rate of Chhapra was 81.30 per cent as 2011.[8]

Education[edit]

  • Jai Prakash University
  • Loknayak Jai Prakash Institute Of Technology,Saran[9]
  • Rajendra College
  • Jila School
  • Saran Academy School
  • Brahman High School
  • Rajendra Collegiate
  • Jagdam College
  • Radiance Institute Of IT & Management (RIIM)
  • Sadhu Lal Prithvi Chand High School & College, Sidhi Ghat Chapra

Gallery[edit]

People from Chhapra[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atlas of Mutual Heritage
  2. ^ Atlas of Mutual Heritage
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chapra
  5. ^ "Accuweather: Weather for Chhapra, India". Accuweather. 2011.  Retrieved on November 22, 2011.
  6. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  7. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  8. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  9. ^ "CM inaugurates new engineering college at Chhapra". The Times Of India. 26 December 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 

External links[edit]