Chhapra

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This article is about the municipality in Bihar, India. For its namesake district, see Saran District.
Chhapra
छपरा
Chapra
Metropolitan City
Anticlock wise from top left: Rajendra Sarovar, City Time Tower, Road Connecting Poice Station square and municipal square, Jai Prakash University, Rail Wheel Plant, Bela, Chhapra Railway Station.
Anticlock wise from top left: Rajendra Sarovar, City Time Tower, Road Connecting Poice Station square and municipal square, Jai Prakash University, Rail Wheel Plant, Bela, Chhapra Railway Station.
Chhapra is located in Bihar
Chhapra
Chhapra
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274Coordinates: 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274
Country  India
State Bihar
District Saran
Area
 • Urban 38.26 km2 (14.77 sq mi)
Elevation 36 m (118 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Metropolitan City 201,597
 • Urban 249,555
Demonym(s) Chhaprahvi
Languages
 • Official Bhojpuri, Hindi, Urdu, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 841301, 841302(Sarha)
Telephone code +916152
Lok Sabha constituency Saran
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chapra
Website saran.bih.nic.in & chhapra.co.in

Chhapra (also written Chapra) is a city and headquarters of the Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated near the junction of the Ghaghara River and the Ganges River.

Chhapra grew in importance as a river-based market in the 18th century when the Dutch,[1][2] French, Portuguese, and English established saltpeter refineries in the area. It was recognized as a municipality in 1864.[citation needed] The city has major rail and road connections with the rest of India and a distance of few minutes from Uttar Pradesh by Train.

Geography[edit]

Thana Chowk
Rajendra Sarovar
Coast of Ghaghra River.

Chhapra is located at 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274.[3] It has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 ft).

The district of Saran is situated between 25°36' and 26°13' north latitude and 84°24' and 85°15' east longitude in the southern post of the Saran Division of North Bihar. The Ganges river provides the southern boundary of the district, beyond which lie the districts of Bhojpur and Patna. To the north of Saran lie the districts of Siwan and Gopalganj. The Gandak river forms the dividing line with the Vaishali and Muzaffarpur districts in the east. To the west of Saran lie the districts of Siwan and Balia in Uttar Pradesh. The Ghaghra river forms a natural boundary between Saran and Ballia.

The district is shaped like a triangle; its apex is the confluence of the boundary of the Gopalganj district and the Gandak – Ganges river. The district is made up entirely of plains, but several depressions and marshes create three broad natural divisions:

  • The alluvial plains along the big rivers, which are subject to periodic inundation.
  • The uplands away from the rivers, not subject to floods.
  • The riverbed diara areas.

Out of twenty blocks in the districts, six (Sonepur, Dighwara, Revelganj, chapra, Manjhi and Dariyapur) regularly flood. Six others are partially affected by floods (Parsa, Marhoura, Amnaur, Jalalpur, and Ekma). The soil of the district is alluvial. No minerals of economic value are found in the district.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chhapra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
25.8
(78.4)
31.0
(87.8)
35.1
(95.2)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.8
(91)
32.5
(90.5)
31.6
(88.9)
29.0
(84.2)
24.8
(76.6)
30.68
(87.21)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
21.2
(70.2)
15.8
(60.4)
10.6
(51.1)
18.16
(64.69)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.512)
14.0
(0.551)
9.0
(0.354)
29.0
(1.142)
76.0
(2.992)
139.0
(5.472)
353.0
(13.898)
254.0
(10)
193.0
(7.598)
73.0
(2.874)
6.0
(0.236)
7.0
(0.276)
1,166
(45.905)
Source: Accuweather[4]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, Chapra Urban Agglomeration had a population of 212,955.[5] Chapra Urban Agglomeration includes Chapra (Nagar Panchayat) and Sanrha (Census Town).[6] chapra Nagar Panchayat had a total population of 201,597, out of which 106,250 were males and 95,347 were females. It had a sex ratio of 897. The population below 5 years was 27,668. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 81.30 per cent.[7]

Education[edit]

Gallery[edit]

People from Chhapra[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atlas of Mutual Heritage
  2. ^ Atlas of Mutual Heritage
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chapra
  4. ^ "Accuweather: Weather for Chhapra, India". Accuweather. 2011.  Retrieved on November 22, 2011.
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  6. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  7. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  8. ^ "CM inaugurates new engineering college at Chhapra". The Times Of India. 26 December 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 

External links[edit]