Chhatarpur

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This article is about the city and municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For other uses, see Chhatarpur (disambiguation).
Hemraj Pathak
Chhatarpur
city
Hemraj Pathak is located in Madhya Pradesh
Hemraj Pathak
Hemraj Pathak
Coordinates: 24°54′57″N 79°34′56″E / 24.915709°N 79.582214°E / 24.915709; 79.582214Coordinates: 24°54′57″N 79°34′56″E / 24.915709°N 79.582214°E / 24.915709; 79.582214
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Chhatarpur
Named for Chhatrasal
Area
 • Total 50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 305 m (1,001 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 147 669
 • Density 2,554/km2 (6,610/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi[Bundeli]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 471001
Telephone code 07682
Vehicle registration MP-16
Sex ratio 920 /
Website chhatarpur.nic.in

Chhatarpur is a city and a municipality in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Chhatarpur District.

History[edit]

Main article: Chhatarpur State
Flag of Princely Chhatarpur

Chhatarpur was founded in 1785 and is named after the Bundela Rajput leader Chhatrasal, the founder of Bundelkhand independence, and contains his cenotaph. The state was ruled by his descendants until 1785. At that time the Ponwar clan of the Rajputs took control of Chhatarpur. The state was guaranteed to Kunwar Sone Singh Ponwar[1] in 1806 by the British Raj. In 1854 Chhatarpur would have lapsed to the British government for want of direct heirs under the doctrine of lapse, but was conferred on Jagat Raj as a special act of grace. The Ponwar Rajas ruled a princely state with an area of 1,118 square miles (2,900 km2), and population of 156,139 in 1901, which was part of the Bundelkhand agency of Central India.

In 1901 the town of Chhatarpur had a population of 10,029, a high school and manufactured paper and coarse cutlery. The state also contained the British cantonment of Nowgaon.[2]

Rajas[edit]

  • 1785 -1816 Kunwar Sone Shah(d. 1816)
  • 1816 -1854 Partab Singh(d. 1854)
  • 1854 -1867 Jaghat Singh(b. 1846 - d. 1867)
  • 1867 -1895 Vishvanath Singh(b. 1866 - d. 1932)

Maharajas[edit]

  • (4 May 1649 – 20 December 1731) Maharaja Chhatrasal
  • 1895-1932 Vishvanath Singh(b. 1866 - d. 1932)
  • 1932-1947 Bhawani Singh(b. 1921 - d. 2006)[3]

After the independence of India in 1947, the Rajas of Chhatarpur acceded to India, and Chhatarpur, together with the rest of Bundelkhand, became part of the Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was later merged into the state of Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

Geography[edit]

Chhatarpur is located at 24°54′N 79°36′E / 24.9°N 79.6°E / 24.9; 79.6.[4] It has an average elevation of 305 metres (1000 feet). It is located on the far north-east border of Madhya Pradesh, sharing its borders with the Banda district of Uttar Pradesh. It is 133 km from Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh and 233 km from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh.

Panoramic view of Chhatarpur
Chhatarpur during Diwali

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[5] Chhatarpur had a population of 147 669. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Chhatarpur has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 62%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

There is no large scale industry in Chhatarpur apart from a few small scale industries available, but these industries are not sufficient for giving enough employment for local people. The economy is mostly dependent on farming. The city however, has a growing private commercial sector, mainly retail businesses. There are many granite mining industries operating in Chhatarpur district.

Most depend for their livelihood for farming. This region is in a drought-affected area, so the whole district faces water crisis for farming and potable drinking water.

Administration[edit]

Chhatarpur Police is a Law enforcing unit of MP Police which protects the world heritage monument "KHAJURAHO GROUP OF TEMPLES". District is divided into 5 police subdivisions,with 34 Police Stations and 21 out posts.

Education[edit]

Most of the colleges in Chhatarpur district are affiliated to University of Chhatarpur, which is also known as maharaja chhatrasal bundelkhand university Chhatarpur. They offer graduation and post graduation courses in the faculties of Arts, Science, Commerce, Education and Law. Government Maharaja P.G. College, Government Girls P.G. College.

Transport[edit]

Chhatarpur can be reached by road & railways. The nearest railway stations are at Khajuraho (45 km), Harpalpur (55 km) Jhansi (125 km), Mauranipur (65  km) and Satna (140 km).The railway station of Chhatarpur is under construction. The trial run of the Rail engine was carried on 29/12/2015 up to Khajuraho.

Radio and television station[edit]

Chhatarpur has got its own radio station of All India Radio (आकाशवाणी) under Prasar Bharati. It transmits at 675 kHz. Chhatarpur also has a Doordarshan's Hi power transmitter for TV which is located at Deri Road.

Tourism[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Archived 23 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chhatarpur". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 116. 
  3. ^ "Indian states before 1947 A-J". Rulers.org. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  4. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chhatarpur". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]