Chhatarpur district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Chhatarpur.
Chhatarpur district
छतरपुर जिला
District of Madhya Pradesh
Location of Chhatarpur district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Chhatarpur district in Madhya Pradesh
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
Administrative division Sagar division
Headquarters Chhatarpur
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Khajuraho
Area
 • Total 8,687 km2 (3,354 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,762,857
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 64.9 per cent
 • Sex ratio 884
Website Official website

Chhatarpur District (Hindi: छतरपुर जिला) is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. The town of Chhatarpur is the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

Chattarpur district located at 24.06° & 25.20°N 78.59° & 80.26° E respectively. The district has an area of 8,687 km².Chhatarpur District is bounded by Uttar Pradesh state to the north, and the Madhya Pradesh districts of Panna to the east, Damoh to the south, Sagar to the southwest, and Tikamgarh to the west. Chhatarpur District is part of Sagar Division.[1]

History[edit]

Before Indian Independence, present-day Chhatarpur district consisted of a number of princely states, including Bijawar, Chhatarpur, Gaurihar, Alipura, and Lugasi, along with most of Charkhari and portions of Panna, Hajipur and Ajaigarh. After independence, the rulers of the states acceded to the Government of India, and the district became part of the new state of Vindhya Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was merged into Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 1956. Nowgaon(near chhatarpur) was declared capital of Madhya Pradesh, after six month Bhopal became the capital of Madhya Pradesh.

The district is named after the headquarters town, Chhatarpur. It is also named after Raja Chhatrasal Bundela who founded it in 1707. Occupying a central position on the plateau of Bundelkhand, Chhatarpur forms the northern part of Sagar administrative division. The district extends between the parallels of latitude 24°6’ and 25°26’ north and the meridian of longitude 79°0’ and 80°27’ east. It is elongated from south-west to north-east. It resembles the shape of a fish. As mentioned elsewhere the district belongs to the Bundelkhand region was ruled by the Kalachuris, Chandellas, Gonds and Bundelas dynasties, in succession during the medieval period. In the early 18th century the area was included in the kingdom of Raja Chhatrasal of Panna who divided his territories among his sons and the Peshwa Bajirao-I. Feuds and instability among his successors led to the creation of several small states and semidependent Jagirs that were recognized by the British (1802–12) as Sanad states. Only the states of Chhatarpur, Panna, Bijawar and Charkhari were of some size. Chhatarpur state was founded by Kunwar Sone Shah Ponwar or Parmar who seized the jagir in 1785, taking the advantage of the young age of his master Hira Singh. The state was divided into four tahsils viz, Chhatarpur, Rajnagar, Lauri and Deora. The southwestern part of the Panna state, now included in the district formed part of the then Bakswaha tahsil. Bijawar state was also divided into four parganas, three home parganas and the outlying pargana of Karaia. Charkhari state was divided into four parganas, each under a tahsildar. After independence the states of Alipura, Chhatarpur, Charkhari, Bijawar, Garrauli, Gaurihar, Lugasi and Naigawan Rebai, as well as the outlying parts of Panna and Ajaygarh (Bachhon area) states and some British pockets were included in the Chhatarpur district of the former Vindhya Pradesh. Subsequently, Naigawan-Rabai, greater part of Charkhari and other enclaves were given up in exchange for in lying pockets of Uttar Pradesh in the north and Damoh and Sagar districts in the south.[2]

Administrative Setup[edit]

The district is the basic territorial unit of administration in the state as well as in India. The district comes under Sagar division. According to Census 2011, the total number of villages in the district are 1187. Out of which 1085 villages are inhabited and 102 villages are un-inhabited. Chhatarpur district is divided into Eleven tahsils. Tahsil wise number of villages are, Gaurihar(151), Laundi(69), Chandla(87), Nowgong(80), Maharajpur(46), Chhatarpur(152), Rajnagar(140), Bada Malhera(108),Ghuwara(55), Bijawar(168) and Buxwaha(131) and eight community development blocks (Janpad panchayats) namely, Gaurihar (Barigarh), Laundi, Nowgong, Chhatarpur, Rajnagar, BadaMalhera, Bijawar, and Buxwaha.The district headquarter is Chhatarpur. There are 558 gram panchayats in the district. There are 370 Patwari halka in the district. There are 16 towns in the district. As per urban classification, Nowgong(M) and Chhatarpur(M) are municipalities,Whereas Barigarh(N.P.), Laundi(N.P.), Chandla(N.P.), Harpalpur(N.P.), Garhi-Malhera(N.P.), Maharajpur(N.P.), Rajnagar(N.P.), Khajuraho(N.P.), Bada Malhera(N.P.), Ghuwara(N.P.), Satai(N.P.), Bijawar(N.P.) and Buxwaha(N.P.) are Nagar Panchayats and Amanganj(C.T.) is one Census Town. The district has one parliamentary constituency i.e. Chhatarpur and six assembly constituencies viz. Maharajpur,Chandla, Rajnagar,Chhatarpur,Bijawar and Malhara. Collector is the Chief Executive Officer of the district and as such he/she exercises general supervision over various departments. Co-ordination of the activities of various departments, controls over local-self governing bodies, execution of Government schemes and miscellaneous functions, such as Panchayats, Census, Election and Relief measures during natural calamities like floods, famine and epidemics, etc. The Organizational set-up of the collectorate are divided into three main functionaries viz.(i) land revenue, land-records including consolidation of land and other allied matters. (ii) Law & order and (iii) Development. Deputy Collectors, SDM, Tahsildars, Naib Tahsildars, revenue inspectors and Patwaris assist the Collector. The Collector is also associated with a number of other committees in the district. The most important among them is the District Advisory Committee. The Collector is also vested with statutory powers under excise act, to enable to implement the excise and prohibition policy of the Government. In order to facilitate proper and smooth judiciary and administration there are 34 police stations, 21 police posts in the district. The district is the basic territorial unit of administration in the state as well as in India. The Collector, as the head of the district administration is the key 11 functionary of the Government, having vast powers and wide responsibilities. In many ways he is the link between the state Government and the people. He is the custodian of law & order and local administration. Police administration is under Superintendent of police. At subdivisions, sub divisional officer (police) are posted. The Judiciary is independent. At the district level there is district court headed by district and Session Judge. District and Session Judge is assisted by Civil Judges posted at tahsil level.[2]

Economy[edit]

It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Chhatarpur District has a population of 1,762,857,[4] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[5] or the US state of Nebraska.[6] This gives it a ranking of 271st in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 203 inhabitants per square kilometre (530/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.54%.[4] Chhattarpur has a sex ratio of 884 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 64.9%.[4]

Chhatarpur district has a population of 1,474,633 (2001 census), a 27% increase from its 1991 population of 1,158,853.[1]

Languages[edit]

Bundeli (Devanagari: बुन्देली or बुंदेली; Urdu: زبان بندیلی),a Western Hindi language (often considered a dialect of Hindi) is the main language spoken in the district along with Hindi. Vernaculars include Bharia, a Dravidian language spoken by at least 200 000 members of the Bharia tribe and written in the Devanagari script.[7]

Places of interest[edit]

The district is home to Khajuraho, the famous temple city created by the Chandela clan of Rajputs in the tenth century. Other notable locations are Jatashankar, Bhimkund, Panna National Park, Bambar Baini Tample in Lavkushnagar, Arjunkund, Naogaon Nowgong,jatashankar temple, dhubela meuseum.

Barethi Super Thermal Power Project[edit]

NTPC Ltd is proposing to setup a coal based Power Project named Barethi Super Thermal Power Project (6X660MW) in Chattarpur district of Madhya Pradesh. A site near Bamita town in Raj Nagar Tehsil of Chhatarpur district has been finalized after comparing four alternative sites. Barethi STPP can be recognised as a regional power project for the benefit of Bundelkhand Region and States & UT of Western Region. The project is envisaged to be commissioned during XII Plan period.

The proposed site coordinates are 24°45’56” N to 24°47’50” N and 79°41’45’’ E to 79°44’08’’ E respectively and is located near villages Barethi & Sandni in Rajnagar Tehsil of Chhatarpur district, Madhya Pradesh. The site is about 19 Km away from Chhatarpur and is approachable from Basari on Chhatarpur-Panna NH-75 by 5 km long PWD road. Nearest Railway Station is Khajuraho on North Central Railway which is about 25 Km away and the nearest commercial airport Khajuraho is about 25 km from the proposed site.[8]

Notable persons from the district[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Chhatarpur". Chhatarpur district administration. Retrieved 2010-08-18. 
  2. ^ a b "Census of Chhatarpur" (PDF). 2015. 
  3. ^ Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est. 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341 
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bharia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  8. ^ "Barethi Super Thermal Power Project" (PDF). 2015. 
  9. ^ "Dr. B. D. Chaurasiya Bio-Data". 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°54′57″N 79°34′56″E / 24.915709°N 79.582214°E / 24.915709; 79.582214