Shahu I

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For the 19th-century king, see Shahoji II.
Shahu I
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 5th Maratha Chhatrapati
Reign January 12, 1708–December 15, 1749
Coronation January 12, 1708, Satara
Predecessor Shivaji II
Successor Rajaram II of Satara
Born (1682-05-18)18 May 1682
Ganguli Fort, Mangaon
Died 15 December 1749(1749-12-15) (aged 67)
Rangmahal Palace, Satara
Spouse Savitribai
House Bhonsale
Father Sambhaji
Mother Yesubai
Religion Hinduism

Shahuji Bhosle (1682–1749 CE) was the fourth Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire created by his grandfather, Chhatrapati Shivaji. More popularly known as Chatrapati Shahu, he came out of captivity by the Mughals and defeated his aunt Tarabai in an internecine conflict to gain the throne in 1708.[1][2] After the death of Aurangzeb, leading Mughal courtiers released Shahu with a force of fifty men, thinking that a friendly Maratha leader would be a useful ally. [3]

He was son of the second Chhatrapati Sambhaji and grandson of Chhatrapati Shivaji.

Expansion of the Empire[edit]

It was under Shahu and his Bhat-Deshmukh family Peshwas(prime-ministers) that the Maratha empire became the largest in India.[4] The Maratha empire expanded in four directions, in the north by Scindia family, Holkar, in the east by Bhonsle in the west by Dabhade and Gaekwad and in the south by Fateh-Singh Bhosale with Peshwa Bajirao himself.[5]


Shahu had four wives and fathered two sons and four daughters. He adopted two sons, Fatehsinh I and Rajaram II of Satara (who succeeded him as the Raja of Satara). Rajaram II had been brought to her by Tarabai, who initially claimed that the young man was her grandson and a descendant of Shivaji, but later disowned him as an imposter.[6]


Shahu died a natural death in 1749. His adopted son Rajaram II of Satara, claimed to be Tarabai's grandson succeeded him, but the actual power was held by others: first by Tarabai and then by Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao.[6]

Preceded by
Shivaji II
Chhatrapati of the
Maratha Empire

Succeeded by
Rajaram II of Satara

See also[edit]


  1. ^ A. Vijaya Kumari; Sepuri Bhaskar. "Social change among Balijas: majority community of Andhra Pradesh". MD. Retrieved 2011-06-24. 
  2. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 201–202. ISBN 978-93-80607-34-4. 
  3. ^ Manohar, Malgonkar (1959), The Sea Hawk: Life and Battles of Kanoji Angrey, p. 63 
  4. ^ Stein, B. (2010). A history of India (Vol. 10). John Wiley & Sons page= 187
  5. ^ Gordon, S. (1993). The Marathas 1600–1818 (Vol. 4). Cambridge University Press, pages 121–130.
  6. ^ a b Biswamoy Pati, ed. (2000). Issues in Modern Indian History. Popular. p. 30. ISBN 978-81-7154-658-9.