Chhinnamasta Temple

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Chhinnamastika Temple
Maa Chhinnamasta Temple.jpg
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictRamgarh district
DeityChhinnamasta
FestivalsMakar Sankranti, Maha Shivaratri, Vijayadashami
Location
LocationRajrappa
StateJharkhand
CountryIndia
Chhinnamasta Temple is located in Jharkhand
Chhinnamasta Temple
Location in Jharkhand
Geographic coordinates23°37′56″N 85°42′38″E / 23.63222°N 85.71056°E / 23.63222; 85.71056Coordinates: 23°37′56″N 85°42′38″E / 23.63222°N 85.71056°E / 23.63222; 85.71056

Chhinnamasta Temple dedicated to Goddess Chinnamasta is a hindu pilgrimage centre and located in Rajrappa, in Ramgarh district of Jharkhand.[1][2] The place attracts devotees from all parts of Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.[3]

The main attraction of the Chhinnamasta (also known as Chinnamastika) temple is the headless deity of Goddess Chinnamasta which stands on the body of Kamdeo and Rati in the lotus bed. The Chhinnamasta temple is popular for its Tantrik style of architectural design. Apart from the main temple, there are ten temples of various gods and goddesses such as the Surya (Sun God), Hanuman and Lord Shiva.[3][4]

History of Rajarappa[edit]

It was this place where the Raja of Ramgarh Raj gave 3 lack acers of land to the people in the Bhudhan Movement started by Acharya Vinoba Bhave in Jharkhand.

Etymology[edit]

Chhinnamasta

Chhinnamasta (Sanskrit: छिन्नमस्ता, Chinnamastā, "She whose head is severed"), often spelled Chinnamasta and also called Chhinnamastika and Prachanda Chandika, is one of the Mahavidyas, ten Tantric goddesses and a ferocious aspect of Devi, the Hindu Divine Mother. Chhinnamasta can be easily identified by her fearsome iconography. The self-decapitated goddess holds her own severed head in one hand, a scimitar in another. Three jets of blood spurt out of her bleeding neck and are drunk by her severed head and two attendants. Chhinnamasta is usually depicted standing on a copulating couple.[5]

Location[edit]

Chhinnamasta temple is located at Rajrappa, 28 km away from Ramgarh Cantonment along NH-23 in the Ramgarh district of the State of Jharkhand, India. It is situated on a hillock at the confluence of the Damodar and Bhera (Bhairavi River) rivers near the Rajrappa falls.

This location has a special significance.It is at the union of Bhairavi nadi(female) coming from top, meeting Damodar nada (male) signifying vipareeta rati ( opposite coppulation) pose as described in Devi Chhinnamasta's dhyana (vipareeta rataturam). Here Bhairavi is active shakti and Damodar is the male passive member of rati action. Damodar is very calm and Bhairavi is the active member.

Description[edit]

The temple enshrines the Goddess Chinnamasta (the beheaded Goddess Kali), one of the ten forms of the Goddess Durga. The statue shows the goddess holding her own head in her left hand and her head drinking the blood oozing out of her neck. The headless idol of Goddess Chhinnamastika stands on the body of Kamdeo and Rati in Lotus bed. Many smaller temples have been built around the main temple such as the temples of Ashtamatrika and Dakshina Kali. The temples of Mahavidyas built in a series nearby are Tara, Shodashi, Bhubneswari, Bhairavi, Bagla, Kamla, Matangi, Dhumavati.

The temple is very old and the place Rajrappa finds mention in the Vedas, Puranas and Hindu scriptures as a "Shakti Peeth" which is flocked by devotees from Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal Assam and Nepal for worship of Goddess Chinnamastika. Vedic book Durga Saptashati also mentions the temple. The art and architectural design resembles the design of temples of Tantrik importance.The temple is considered as notable as the tantrik site of Kamakhya Temple of Assam which has a similar architecture. The temple is one of the 10 Mahavidhyas.The ancient temple of Goddess was destroyed and later a new temple was constructed and the original idol of Goddess was placed in it. Animal sacrifice is still practised in the temple. The sacrificial animals are killed on Tuesdays, Saturdays and during Kali puja.

A large number of pilgrims arrive here throughout the year. Large congregation of people takes place here during the full Moon and New Moon nights. Owing to the religious importance of the place, it is also popular among the disciples for marriage and ritual of Mundan or shaving the head. Vehicle owners come here to get blessings for their new vehicles as they believe that the first worship of vehicles here multiplies the life of vehicles and brings luck to the owners. Tantriks look upon this place for Tantric accomplishment.

Rajrappa also is a pilgrim centre for the Santals and other tribals who come for immersion of the ashes of their loved ones in the Damodar. They come mostly during the month of December, in groups known as yatri. As per their mythology it is their final resting place. In their folk songs Rajrappa is referred to as "Thel Kopi Ghat" (Water Ghat) and they use oil after bathing. They come in significant numbers from the southern parts of Jharkhand state such as East and West Singhbhum and Saraikela districts. Maa Chinmastika devi is also known as Manokamna devi due to the belief that it fulfils the wishes of the devotees. Devotees tie a red thread around a rock in the temple for the fulfillment of their wishes.

In the month of January a special fair is held here on the festival of Makar Sankranti and attended by lakhs of people. A fair is also organized during the festival of Vijaydashmi, Vijayadashami and attended by large number of people. Visitors can take a holy bath in the river.

Besides religious importance, the place is also a picnic spot owing to its natural environment.[citation needed] The hilly landscape covered with lush forest and rivers are some of its features.[original research?] The hot water spring located here increases the popularity of the region.[citation needed] The Bhera River joins the Damodar River from a height of 20 feet creating a waterfall. The location has boating facilities and visitors can take boat rides in the locality having various rock formations along the river bank. The place also attracts many foreign tourists due to its natural and religious importance.[citation needed]

The region around the temple is quiet and eerie after sunset.[original research?] Due to this Satyajit Ray chose Rajrappa as the setting for Feluda adventure Chhinnamastar Abhishap.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2009 - SAARC disaster Management Report" (PDF). SAARC DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  2. ^ Prasad, Basudeo (1 January 2009). "Sustainable eco-tourism development: A case study of Jharkhand state". Spectrum. 1 (1): 62. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Rajrappa Temple". Official Website of Ramgarh district. Archived from the original on 27 October 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  4. ^ "Next weekend you can be at Rajrappa". The Telegraph (Calcutta). 13 January 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  5. ^ "Burglary committed in Chhinnamastika temple". The Times of India. 3 July 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2012.