Chhurpi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chhurpi
Chhurpi.jpg
Country of originNepal[1][2]
RegionNepal, Tibet, Bhutan, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Kalimpong
Source of milkYak, Cow
TextureSoft/hard
Production of Chhurpi in Nepal

Chhurpi (Nepali: छुर्पी) or durkha is a traditional cheese consumed in the Himalayan regions of Nepal, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Bhutan, and Tibet. The two varieties of chhurpi are a soft variety (consumed usually as a side dish with rice)[3] and a hard variety (chewed like a betel nut). It is known to be native to Nepal.

Preparation[edit]

Chhurpi is prepared in a local dairy or at home from buttermilk.[4] The buttermilk is boiled and the solid mass that is obtained is separated from the liquid and wrapped and hung in a thin cloth to drain out the water. The product is rather like the Italian ricotta, which also is made from whey. It is soft, white, and neutral in taste. However, it is often left to ferment a bit to acquire a tangy taste.

To prepare the hard variety, the soft chhurpi is wrapped in a jute bag and pressed hard to get rid of the water. After it dries, it is cut into small cuboidal pieces and hung over fire to harden it further.

Consumption[edit]

Soft chhurpi is consumed in a variety of ways, including cooking with green vegetables as savoury dishes, as a filling for momos, grinding with tomatoes and chillies for chutney, and as a soup. In the mountainous regions of Nepal, Darjeeling hills, Sikkim, Bhutan, and Tibet, chhurpi is consumed as a substitute for vegetables because it is an excellent source of protein.[5]

Hard chhurpi is usually consumed by keeping it in the mouth to moisten it, letting parts of it become soft, and then chewing it like a gum. In this manner, one block of chhurpi can last up to two hours.[6] Its high protein content and tanginess make it an excellent treat for dogs, which explains its high demand in global markets as a dog chew.[7] Hard chhurpi's growth in the dog treat market continues to expand as companies find news uses and alternative variations of this classic dog treat. Churpi Bites, Churpi Puffs and even Churpi bars have been developed by various companies in the United States.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yak Chhurpi/Chhurpi Cheese/Yak's milk bones". product.hellocompanies.com. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  2. ^ "How to Make Churpi Durkha". weallnepali.com. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Recipes & Cuisine (Chhurpi - Ningo Curry)". Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  4. ^ "Chhurpi". Local Nepali Food. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  5. ^ "What is chhurpi cheese and how is it made and eaten". Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  6. ^ Cooper, Robert and Yong Lui Jin "Cultures of the World: Bhutan"
  7. ^ "Nepali chhurpi in high demand in US". ekantipur. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Desert Dog Products All Natural Himalayan Dog Chews, Bully Sticks and Treats - Healthy Long Lasting Dog Treats and Chews". Desert Dog Products. Retrieved 2019-02-27.