Chi Jin Mazu Temple

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Chi Jin Mazu Temple
旗津天后宮 - panoramio.jpg
The temple at dusk in 2007
Traditional Chinese旗津天后
Simplified Chinese旗津天后
Literal meaningCijin Heavenly Empress Palace
The temple in 2013

The Chi Jin Mazu Temple,[1] also known as the Cijin[2] or Cihou Tianhou Temple,[3] is a Chinese temple to the Chinese sea goddess Mazu, the deified form of the medieval Fujianese shamaness Lin Moniang, located at 93 Miaocian Road (廟前路93號) on Qijin District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

History[edit]

The temple was Kaohsiung's first temple to Mazu.[2] It was first opened in 1673,[2] when Taiwan still formed the Kingdom of Tungning ruled by the Ming-loyalist Zheng dynasty. Koxinga's son Zheng Jing attempted to abandon the Ming cause and seek peaceful recognition as an independent leader from the Kangxi Emperor but was rebuffed and forced into a defensive war with the mainland.[4] The Chi Jin temple was built to house an idol of Mazu brought by the Fujianese fishermen who first settled the island under Hsu Au-hua.[3] The Hung, Wang, Cai, Li, Bai, and Pan families were chiefly responsible for the temples' governance and property, which formed the core of early Kaohsiung.[3]

Mazu was credited with the success of the Qing conquest of Taiwan in 1683 and the temple changed its name to reflect her new title of "Heavenly Empress" around 1737.[3]

The Chi Jin Mazu Temple was originally composed of bamboo and thatch but, in the 18th century, it was redone in stone.[3] It was restored by the Jhang Yi Ji[3] in 1887 and by Cai Ji-Liou in 1926,[5] when much of its present artwork was completed by the master Chen Yu-feng.[2] Following damage over the course of the Second World War, it was restored again in 1948[5] under the direction of Cai Wun-bin.[3] It became a protected monument of the city on 27 November 1985.[3]

Architecture[edit]

The temple exemplifies "southern-style" religious architecture, with two guard rooms, five doors, and two halls[6] connected by a pagoda.[3] Its entrance is guarded by two foo dogs.[2] The "swallow-tail" ridges of its roof are decorated with two dragons arched over a immortal;[6] it also includes figures of the Three Stars representing Luck, Wealth, and Long-life.[3] The bell in the courtyard at the side of the temple was cast in 1886.[3]

Services[edit]

The temple is open to the public daily from 5:30 am to 10 pm.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Official site.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Cijin Tianhou Temple", Destinations: Asia, London: Lonely Planet, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Tianhou Temple at Cihou", Official site, Kaohsiung: Bureau of Cultural Affairs of the Kaohsiung City Government, 2008, archived from the original on 6 October 2016, retrieved 16 December 2016. (in Chinese) & (in English)
  4. ^ Wills, John E. Junior (2006), "The Seventeenth-century Transformation: Taiwan under the Dutch and the Cheng Regime", Taiwan: A New History, M.E. Sharpe, pp. 84–106.
  5. ^ a b "History", Official site, Kaohsiung: Cijin District Office, retrieved 15 December 2016. (in Chinese) & (in English)
  6. ^ a b "Cijin Tianhou Temple", Kaohsiung Travel, Kaohsiung: Tourism Bureau of the Kaohsiung City Government, 2015. (in Chinese) & (in English)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°36′49″N 120°16′07″E / 22.6135°N 120.2686°E / 22.6135; 120.2686