Chiang Saen District
||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (November 2015)|
The Golden Triangle in Amphoe Chiang Saen
Amphoe location in Chiang Rai Province
|• Total||554.0 km2 (213.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||99.2/km2 (257/sq mi)|
|Time zone||THA (UTC+7)|
Chiang Saen (Thai: เชียงแสน; IPA: [tɕʰīaŋ sɛ̌ːn]) is a district (amphoe) in the northern part of Chiang Rai Province, northern Thailand. In the past decades, Chiang Saen has become one of the important gates for Thailand's trades with other countries on the upper part of Mekong River.
According to an ancient chronicle, the original city of Chiang Saen (Chiang: Offshoot; Saen: 100,000) was built in 545 in an area called Yonok, by Tai migrants from the Chinese province of Yunnan, and was an important city (Southeast Asia Mandala-model mueang) of the Lanna (Million Paddies) Kingdom. No reliable written history of the city exists until the arrival of King Mengrai in the 13th century. His grandson, Saen Phu, ruler of the Lanna Kingdom, founded Chiangsaen in 1325 or 1328.:226
The city was sacked by Chao Kawila of Chiangmai during the reign of Rama I, because it had been the Burmese base of operations in the preceding years. The city was deserted, while its inhabitants resettled in other Bangkok-allied Lanna cities such as Lampang and Chiang Mai. Several ancient ruins are found in the old cities: for example, Wat Pa Sak hosts a well preserved Lanna-style 'Phrathat'.
The Mueang was converted into a district at the beginning of the 20th century in the thesaphiban reforms, with an additional branch or minor district (King Amphoe) also named Chiang Saen covering the central area. The minor district was abolished in 1925. The minor district was recreated two years laters, then named Chiang Saen Luang (เชียงแสนหลวง). In 1939 the minor district was renamed to Chiang Saen, while the former district Chiang Saen became Mae Chan. The minor district was upgraded to a full district on April 6, 1957.
The Mekong river flows at the northern end of the district, forming the boundary with Laos. Other important rivers are the Kok and the Ruak River, tributaries of the Mekong. The 1,328 m high Doi Luang Pae Mueang massif (ดอยหลวงแปเมือง) of the Phi Pan Nam Range rises at the eastern end of the district.
The area around the confluence of the Mekong with the Ruak River is known as the Golden Triangle. This boundary region with Laos and Myanmar is now a popular touristical area, with several casinos on the Burmese side.
The district is subdivided into 6 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 72 villages (muban). Wiang Chiang Saen is a township (thesaban tambon) which covers parts of tambon Wiang. There are further 6 Tambon administrative organizations (TAO).
|4.||Si Don Mun||ศรีดอนมูล||14||8,120|
|This section does not cite any sources. (February 2016)|
Some of the most popular destinations for tourists include Golden Triangle (Samliam Thongkum or สามเหลี่ยมทองคำ - a direct translation of "Golden Triangle" ) where Thailand, Myanmar and Laos meet. Golden Triangle used to be famously known as a drug trafficking venue until the royal Thai government decided to put a lot of its effort in cleaning up the area and eventually turned the area into a tourist destination that welcomes a lot of visitors each year. Visitors usually enjoy their stay in Golden Triangle by doing some sightseeing, taking a boat trip, and some usually spend their time at the casinos on the territory of Myanmar and Laos. On the other hand, Asian tourists usually take a short walk up the hill to pray at the local temple called Wat Prathat Phukao (วัดพระธาตุภูเข้า).
Another famous destination that attracts a lot of Thai visitors is Wat Prathat Pha Ngao (วัดพระธาตุผาเงา). Part of the temple was found to be at least 700 - 1,300 years old and over the centuries, the temple has been part of the local people's lives all along. The temple also has welcomed the royal family on many occasions over the last few decades.
Many visitors also find time to visit the local National Museum where all the ancients items or preserved and exhibited. Visitors will get to learn more about the city since its establishment and about the people and their ways of living throughout the centuries. The museum opens from Wednesday to Sunday, from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.
- ":: Chiang Saen Port ::". www.csp.port.co.th. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- Probably The Chiang Mai Chronicle, ISBN 974-7100-62-2
- "Yonok, the birthplace of Lanna", Welcome to Chiang Mai & Chiang Rai, accessed 2009-10-17
- Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
- แจ้งความกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ยุบกิ่งเชียงแสนเข้ารวมกับอำเภอเชียงแสนจังหวัดเชียงราย (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 42 (0 ง): 2159. October 4, 1925.
- แจ้งความกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ตั้งกิ่งอำเภอเชียงแสนหลวง (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 44 (0 ง): 1232. July 17, 1927.
- พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนนามอำเภอ กิ่งอำเภอ และตำบลบางแห่ง พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๒ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 56 (0 ก): 354–364. April 17, 1939.
- พระราชกฤษฎีกาตั้งอำเภอเชียงแสน พ.ศ. ๒๕๐๐ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 74 (36 ก): 565–567. April 6, 1957.
- "Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia)". Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
- "วัดพระธาตุผาเงา". วิกิพีเดีย (in Thai).
- "Chiang Saen". thailine.com. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chiang Saen.|
- Chiang Saen data (Thai)
- Birdwatching in Chiang Saen on thaibirding.com
- Yonok Wetlands near Chiang Saen