Chiapas Depression dry forests

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Chiapas Depression dry forests
Morning at Sumidero Canyon.JPG
Chiapas Depression dry forests in Sumidero Canyon
Biome Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
Area 13,900 km2 (5,400 sq mi)
Countries southern Mexico and Guatemala
Conservation status Critical/Threatened[1]

The Chiapas Depression dry forests form one of the ecoregions that belong to the tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests biome, as defined by the World Wildlife Fund, in northwestern Central America.


This ecoregion is located in the central Chiapas Depression, the central depression of the eastern Sierra Madre de Chiapas, in Chiapas state of Mexico and into northwestern Guatemala.

It covers an area of around 13,900 km2.[2] It lies at an altitude of 420–800 metres (1,380–2,620 ft).


The Chiapas Depression dry forests ecoregion has a hot, dry climate.

Its biodiversity is high, with about 980 plant species, and includes 40% of the endemic species of dry ecosystems found in Mexico.[2] It also forms a corridor that connects two major biogeographic region, the Gulf of Mexico on the east and the Pacific in the west.

Conservation threats[edit]

The ecoregion has been seriously threatened by cattle grazing, which is the main cause of its destruction, along with the effects of logging and the expansion of the agricultural frontier.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Chiapas Depression dry forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  2. ^ a b c "Chiapas Depression dry forests". Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 

External links[edit]