Chibi Maruko-chan

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Chibi Maruko-chan
Chibi maruko-chan comic no 1 cover.jpg
Cover of the first volume by Shueisha
ちびまる子ちゃん
Genre Slice of life
Manga
Written by Momoko Sakura
Published by Shueisha
Demographic Shōjo
Magazine Ribon
Original run August 1986June 1996
Volumes 15
Anime television series
Directed by Yumiko Suda
Tsutomu Shibayama
Music by Nobuyuki Nakamura
Studio Nippon Animation
Network Fuji Television
English network
Original run January 7, 1990September 27, 1992
Episodes 142 (List of episodes)
Anime film
Chibi Maruko-chan: My Favorite Song
Directed by Yumiko Suda
Tsutomu Shibayama
Written by Momoko Sakura
Studio Nippon Animation
Released December 19, 1992
Runtime 93 minutes
Anime television series
Directed by Jun Takagi
Music by Nobuyuki Nakamura
Studio Nippon Animation
Network Fuji TV
English network
Original run January 8, 1995 – present
Episodes 1041 (List of episodes)
Television drama
Chibi Maruko-chan (live-action special)
Network Fuji TV
Original run April 18, 2006October 31, 2006
Episodes 2
Television drama
Marumaru Maruko-chan
Network Fuji TV
Original run April 19, 2007February 28, 2008
Episodes 31
Anime film

Chibi Maruko-chan (Japanese: ちびまる子ちゃん?) is a shōjo manga series written and illustrated by Momoko Sakura. The series depicts the simple, everyday life of Momoko Sakura, a young girl everyone calls Maruko, and her family in suburban Japan in the year 1974. The series is set in the former city of Shimizu, now part of Shizuoka City, birthplace of its author.

The first story under the title "Chibi Maruko-chan" was published in the August 1986 edition of the shōjo manga magazine Ribon. Other semi-autobiographical stories by the author had appeared in Ribon and Ribon Original in 1984 and 1985, and were included in the first "Chibi Maruko-chan" tankōbon in 1987. The author first began writing and submitting strips in her final year of senior high school, although Shueisha (the publisher of Ribon and Ribon Original) did not decide to run them until over a year later. The author's intent was to write "essays in manga form";[1] many stories are inspired by incidents from her own life, and some characters are based on her family and friends. The nostalgic, honest and thoughtful tone of the strip led to its becoming popular among a wider audience.

Chibi Maruko-chan was adapted into an anime TV series by Nippon Animation, which originally aired on Fuji Television from January 7, 1990 to September 27, 1992. It has also spawned numerous games, animated films and merchandising, as well as a second TV series running from 1995 to the present. Maruko's style and themes are sometimes compared to the classic comic Sazae-san. In 1989, the manga tied to receive the Kodansha Manga Award for shōjo.[2] As of 2006, the collected volumes of the manga had sold more than 31 million copies in Japan, making it the fifth best-selling shōjo manga ever.[3]

Themes[edit]

The trademark face fault of this series, in reaction to an awkward "don't know what to say" situation (or sometimes, embarrassment) is the sudden appearance of vertical lines (黒い線 kuroi sen?) on a character's face, sometimes with an unexplained gust of wind blowing above that character's head.

Characters[edit]

Sakura family[edit]

Back row, from left: Hiroshi, Sumire, and Tomozo; middle row, from left: Sakiko and Kotake; and front row: Momoko (a.k.a. Maruko)
Momoko "Maruko" Sakura (さくらももこ Sakura Momoko?, まる子 Maruko)
Voiced by: Tarako, Live-Action: Ei Morisako (2006 special), Ayaka Ito (2007 show)
The title character, Maruko (born May 8, 1965), is a nine-year-old third-grade student raised in a relatively poor family of six. It is implied that the show is drawn by Maruko herself.
Hiroshi Sakura (さくらひろし Sakura Hiroshi?)
Voiced by: Yūsaku Yara, Live-Action: Katsumi Takahashi (2006 special), Masakazu Mimura (2007 show)
Maruko's father. He was introduced to Maruko's mother by her friend. His birthday is June 20, 1934, making him 40 years old during the series.
Sumire Sakura (さくらすみれ Sakura Sumire?)
Voiced by: Teiyū Ichiryūsai, Live-Action: Michiko Shimizu (2006 special), Noriko Sakai (2007 show)
Maruko's mother. Her birthdate is May 25, 1934. It is revealed in one episode that her maiden name is Kobayashi.
Sakiko Sakura (さくらさきこ Sakura Sakiko?)
Voiced by: Yūko Mizutani (1990-2016), Machiko Toyoshima (2016-), Live-Action: Mayuko Fukuda (2006 special), Maaya Murasaki (2007 show)
Maruko's older sister. Her birthday is March 21, 1962, making her 12 in the series.
Tomozou Sakura (さくら友蔵 Sakura Tomozō?)
Voiced by: Kei Tomiyama (1990-1995), Takeshi Aono (1995-2010), Bin Shimada (2010-), Live-Action: Fuyuki Moto
Maruko's kind but absent-minded grandfather. His birthday is October 3, 1898, making him 76 in the series. The author has said that she used her own grandfather as the model for Tomozou, but that his personality is the opposite of Tomozou's.
Kotake Sakura (さくらこたけ Sakura Kotake?)
Voiced by: Yūko Sasaki, Live-Action: Yoshie Ichige (2006 special), Yoshiko Miyazaki (2007 show)
Maruko's grandmother. She's wise and knows what's good for the human body and wears a traditional Kimono. She was born on April 4, 1904. Her name of Kotake was never known in the series until it appeared in a 4-panel manga (Yonkoma) on July 1, 2007.

Maruko's friends[edit]

Tamae Honami (穂波 たまえ Honami Tamae?)
Voiced by: Naoko Watanabe, Live-Action: Karen Miyama

Maruko's best friend. She is intelligent and she does not include herself in other activities with Maruko. Nicknamed Tama-chan. She also has a father whose favorite hobby is photography.

Kazuhiko Hanawa (花輪 和彦 Hanawa Kazuhiko?)
Voiced by: Masami Kikuchi, Live-Action: Hikaru Mamiya

A really rich boy in Maruko's class who lives in a mansion. His mom is always away travelling and so he doesn't see her that often. He's multilingual who sometimes speaking phrases and words in English and French along with his native Japanese and also has a butler, Mr. Hideji, who drives a limo and picks him up every day from school. Hanawa is mentioned to have a crush on Maruko. He was born on August 7, 1965.

Sueo Maruo (丸尾 末男 Maruo Sueo?)
Voiced by: Nobuo Tobita, Live-Action: Kazuya Sato

Maruo is one of Maruko's classmates and serves as the male class president and always wants to be admired by others. He has very thick glasses because he is a very serious student and studies very hard every day; black lines appear on his face nearly all of the time, especially when he seems euphoric. He is paranoid that his classmates are seeking to replace him as male class president and will target classmates that stand out and do well to discourage them from running against him. His birthday is December 31, thus giving rise to his name.

Shouta Yamada (山田 笑太 Yamada Shōta?)
Voiced by: Keiko Yamamoto, Live-Action: Kyôyû Kobayashi

He laughs non-stop about anything good or bad. He is also known as the "classroom idiot boy" (クラスのバカ男子) or "Class Clown".

Osamu Nagayama (長山 治 Nagayama Osamu?)
Voiced by: Yūko Sasaki, Live-Action: Daiki Ueda
Emiko Noguchi (野口 笑子 Noguchi Emiko?)
Voiced by: Megumi Tano, Live-Action: Yumi Kono

A very weird, and creepy girl who always jokes usually on the macabre side. She also likes to make fun of others, especially Maruko. She often spies on people. It was revealed in one episode that she's the daughter of theatrical stage performers Shosuke and Fujio.

Other characters[edit]

Narration (ナレーション Narration?)
Voiced by: Keaton Yamada

Media[edit]

Manga[edit]

The original Chibi Maruko-chan manga was serialized in the shōjo-oriented Ribon Magazine. 14 volumes were published from July 1987 to December 1996, with a 15th volume published in February 2003. On July 2007, a 4-frame version of Chibi Maruko-chan was published in every morning edition of several Japanese newspapers such as the Tokyo Shimbun and the Chunichi Shimbun.

The 16th volume of the manga was published on April 15, 2009.

Anime[edit]

First series[edit]

Chibi Maruko-chan originally aired on Fuji Television. 142 episodes were broadcast, from January 1990 to September 1992. Maruko was voiced by Tarako; other voice actors included Kappei Yamaguchi and Hideki Saijo. Original manga author Momoko Sakura wrote the teleplay for most episodes. The first series was directed by Yumiko Suda, animated by Masaaki Yuasa (who later directed Mind Game in 2004), while the music was composed by Nobuyuki Nakamura. The series attained a TV viewer rating of 39.9%, the highest rating ever attained by an animated TV series in Japan at the time.[4] The outro song Odoru Ponpokorin became a hit and was interpreted by several artists including the KinKi Kids and Captain Jack. The series was exported throughout Asia and was especially popular in Taiwan. In addition, 65 episodes were dubbed into Arabic (called maruko-alsaghera, which means Little Maruko), where it garnered attention from people of all ages. It also aired in Germany with the same title as the original. It airs weekdays on Nick India in India.[5]

Opening theme:

  1. Yume Ippai (ゆめいっぱい "Full of Dreams") by Yumiko Seki (eps. 1-142)

Ending themes:

  1. Odoru Pompokolin (おどるポンポコリン) by B.B.Queens (eps. 1-66)
  2. Hashire Shoujiki-mono (走れ正直者 "Run, Honest Person") by Hideki Saijou (eps. 67-142)

Second series[edit]

A second series debuted on Fuji Television in January 1995, airing on Sundays in the 6:00 pm time slot, before Sazae-san at 6:30 pm. The series is directed by Jun Takagi and Nobuyuki Nakamura, like the first series, composes the music. Majority of the voice actors from the first series reprised their role. The first 219 episodes were written by Momoko Sakura, however, she has supervised the episode screenplays since episode 220. This series was also dubbed into German and broadcast by RTL II, Super RTL and Jetix in Germany. In Spain, the show is available via VOD on the website of Neox's children's block, Neox Kidz.[6] On TV Japan, which is available in the United States and Canada, the second series (starting with the episodes broadcast in 2009) now broadcasts weekly in Japanese.

Opening themes:

  1. Ureshii Yokan (うれしい予感 "Feeling Happy") by Marina Watanabe (eps. 1-73), Chibi Maruko-chan (Tarako) (ep. 28)
  2. Humming ga Kikoeru (ハミングがきこえる "Hear the Humming") by Kahimi Karie (eps. 74-179)
  3. Odoru Ponpokorin (おどるポンポコリン) by ManaKana & Shigeru Izumiya (eps. 180-253)
  4. KinKi no Yaruki Man Man Song (KinKiのやる気まんまんソング) by KinKi Kids (eps. 254-294)
  5. Odoru Ponpokorin (おどるポンポコリン) by B.B.Queens (eps. 295-746; 793-807; 888-953)
  6. Odoru Ponpokorin (2010 Version) (おどるポンポコリン(2010年バージョン)) by Kaela Kimura (eps. 747-792)
  7. Odoru Ponpokorin (25th Anniversary Version) (おどるポンポコリン(ちびまる子ちゃん誕生25周年バージョン)) by B.B. Queens (eps. 808-887)
  8. Odoru Ponpokorin (2014 Version) (おどるポンポコリン(2014年バージョン))(by E-Girls (eps. 954-)
  9. Odoru Ponpokorin by Sakurako Ohara (Special 19)

Ending themes:

  1. Hari-kiri Jiisan no Rock 'n' Roll (針切じいさんのロケン・ロール) by Hitoshi Ueki (eps. 1-27, 29-73)
  2. Hari-kiri Jiisan no Rock 'n' Roll by Grandfather (Takeshi Aono) and the children (ep. 28)
  3. Akke ni Torareta Toki no Uta (あっけにとられた時のうた) by Tama (eps. 74-130, 132-179)
  4. Yume Ippai Shin Version (ゆめいっぱい(新バージョン) "Full of Dream (New Version)")
  5. Jaga Buttercorn-san (じゃがバタコーンさん) by ManaKana (eps. 180-230)
  6. Chibi Maruko Ondo (ちびまる子音頭) by ManaKana (eps. 231-340)
  7. Kyuujitsu no Uta (Viva La Viva) (休日の歌(Viva La Vida)) by Delighted Mint (eps. 341-416)
  8. Uchū Dai Shuffle (宇宙大シャッフル "Big Shuffle in Outer Space") by Love Jets (eps. 417-481)
  9. Arara no Jumon (アララの呪文) by Chibi Maruko-chan with Bakuchu Mondai (eps. 482-850)
  10. Hyaku-man Nen no Shiawase!! (100万年の幸せ!! "The Happiness of 100 Thousand Years!!")by Kuwata Keisuke (eps. 851-)
  11. Kimi o Wasurenai yo (キミを忘れないよ "I Won't Forget You") by Sakurako Ohhara

Live action[edit]

A live action series was shown on Fuji Television in 2006. The series was created to commemorate Chibi Maruko-chan's 15th anniversary and had 3 episodes, each 2 hours. All costumes and hairstyles are faithful to the original manga.

Both the second television series and the live action series were broadcast in 1080i HDTV.

Movies[edit]

Video games[edit]

All the Game Boy titles (which consists of minigames) were developed by KID and published by Takara. The other titles were published by different companies like Namco, Konami, Epoch and Banpresto.

  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Uki Uki Shopping (Famicom, 1990)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Okozukai Daisakusen (Game Boy, 1990)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan 2: Deluxe Maruko World (Game Boy, 1991)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Harikiri 365-Nichi no Maki (Super Famicom, 1991)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan 3: Mezase! Game Taishou no Maki (Game Boy, 1992)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan 4: Korega Nihon Dayo Ouji Sama (Game Boy, 1992)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Quiz de Piihyara (PC Engine, 1992)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Waku Waku Shopping (Mega Drive, 1992)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Maruko Deluxe Quiz (Arcade/Game Boy/Neo-Geo, 1995)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Mezase! Minami no Island!! (Super Famicom, 1995)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan no Taisen Puzzle Dama (Sega Saturn, 1995)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Maruko Enikki World (PlayStation, 1995)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Go Chounai Minna de Game Dayo! (Game Boy Color, 2001)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan DS Maru-chan no Machi (Nintendo DS, 2009)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan (Nintendo 3DS, 2016)

See also[edit]

  • Kenta Hasegawa (former Japanese international football player). Momoko Sakura, the author of the manga, created a character called Kenta-kun who occasionally makes an appearance. He loves football and is a classmate of Chibi Maruko. This character was created after Hasegawa. Sakura and Hasegawa attended the same primary school during the same period.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "夢の音色" Chibi Maruko-chan, January 18, 1989, volume 4, page 135.
  2. ^ Hahn, Joel. "Kodansha Manga Awards". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
  3. ^ "Historic Shōjo Manga Circulation Numbers". ComiPress. 2006-05-24. Retrieved 2008-01-06. 
  4. ^ http://www.nipponanimation.com/history/main.html
  5. ^ Nick India-Chibi Maruko Chan Accessed May 25, 2009
  6. ^ http://motionpic.com/news/chibi-maruko-chan-broadcasting-in-spain-on-neox-kidz/

External links[edit]