|Edited by||Eric Powell|
|1946 to present|
Chicago Review is a literary magazine founded in 1946 and published quarterly in the Humanities Division at the University of Chicago. The magazine features contemporary poetry, fiction, and criticism, often publishing works in translation and special features in double issues. It is the only magazine of its kind whose editors are always graduate students pursuing advanced literary studies at an American university.
Three stories published in Chicago Review have won the O. Henry Award. Work that first appeared in Chicago Review has also been reprinted in The Best American Poetry 2002, The Best American Poetry 2004, and The Best American Short Stories 2003.
Chicago Review was founded in 1946 by two University of Chicago graduate students, James Radcliffe Squires and Carrolyn Dillard, in response to what they described as "an exaggerated utilitarianism on the college." They aimed to present a "contemporary standard of good writing" and demanded "that the writers do better than they thought they could." Chicago Review exclusively published work by students and faculty members of the university until the Fall/Winter issue of 1953, when F.N. "Chip" Karmtaz assumed editorship of the magazine.
Beat poetry censorship controversy
Before censorship by the university administration, Chicago Review was an early and leading promoter of the Beat Movement in American literature. In the autumn of 1958, it published an excerpt from Burroughs' Naked Lunch, which was judged obscene by the Chicago Daily News and sparked public outcry; this episode led to the censorship of the following issue, to which the editors responded by resigning and starting a new magazine in which to freely publish Beat fiction.
Chicago Review became the subject of further controversy in 1959, when the University of Chicago prohibited editor Irving Rosenthal from publishing a winter issue that was to include Jack Kerouac's Sebastian Midnite, a thirty-page excerpt from William S. Burroughs's Naked Lunch and a thirty-page work by Edward Dahlberg. The concern of the university was that the work might be deemed obscene. All but one editor quit the paper. Rosenthal, Ginsberg, John Fles, and others responded by founding Big Table; its first issue included ten chapters of Naked Lunch.
In the context of the ongoing nationwide conflict between traditional versus Beat fiction, the impact of the creation of Big Table was such that, as Thomas Pynchon recalled "'what happened at Chicago' became shorthand for some unimaginable subversive threat" among the literature college students at Cornell University
Chicago Review often publishes special features within its issues. In the summer of 1958, it published Volume 12, Number 3 (Issue 12:3) with a special section titled "On Zen" that featured contributions from writers such as Alan Watts and Jack Kerouac. Through this issue, Chicago Review played a significant role in introducing Zen to the American public.
Most of the magazine's special features are included in double issues, the first of which was Issue 17:2/3 in 1964. Featuring new Chicago writing and art, the issue included work by poets such as Paul Carroll and Lucien Stryk. Later double issues, such as Issue 38:01/02, Contemporary Indian Literatures (1992) and Issue 46:3/4, New Polish Writing (2000), established Chicago Review as a premier literary magazine for publishing literary translations. Issue 60:3,The Infrarrealistas (2017), is the first collection of the Infrarealist poets’ Spanish writing in English translation.
Other notable features published by Chicago Review include a special section on Canadian poet Lisa Robertson in Issue 51:4/52:1, an A.R. Ammons feature in Issue 57:1/2, and a special issue on Ed Roberson and Chicago Modernists, Issue 59:4/60:1.
Chicago Review occasionally also publishes triple issues, such as Issue 50:2/3/4, which includes a centenary portfolio on Louis Zukofsky, and Issue 49:3/4 & 50:1, which contains a special section on poet Edward Dorn.
Many well-known writers have been published in Chicago Review, both before and after they became famous. Notably, Philip Roth and Susan Sontag's work appeared in print for the first time in Chicago Review while they were both students at the University of Chicago.
Other contributors include Henry Miller, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Jack Kerouac, William S. Burroughs, Allen Ginsberg, Tennessee Williams, William Carlos Williams, Anaïs Nin, Charles Simic, James Tate, Charles Bukowski, Raymond Carver, Philip Levine, Edward Dorn, Anne Carson, Marianne Moore, E.E. Cummings, and Robert Duncan.
- "Top 50 Literary Magazine". EWR. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- Zachary Petit (May 12, 2010). "12 Literary Journals Your Future Agent is Reading". Writer's Digest. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
- O Henry Winners
- "Foreword". Chicago Review. 1 (1): 3. 1946. JSTOR 25292698.
- J. Donald Adams (May 18, 1958). "Speaking of Books". New York Times Book Review. p. 2. Retrieved July 10, 2010.
This spring the Chicago Review devoted a good part of its issue to the presentation of ten San Francisco poets.... The poems are prefaced by a brief statement from Jack Kerouac on "The Origins of Joy in Poetry."
- Nicholls, David (1996) article on Burroughs, Autumn 1996 double-issue of the Chicago Review
- Morgan, Bill. I Celebrate Myself: The Somewhat Private Life of Allen Ginsberg, p. 284
- The Village Voice, March 18, 1959
- Theado, Matt. The Beats: A Literary Reference
- Charters, Ann. The Portable Beat Reader, 1992, p. 337
- Chicago Journal "60-year Review"
- Hamilton, Ian. The Oxford Companion to Twentieth Century Poetry in English, p. 46
- The Beat Generation in Print: The Literary Magazines
- McDarrah, Fred; McDarrah, Timothy (2002). Kerouac and Friends: A Beat Generation Album. Greenwich Village, New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 265.
John Fles was managing editor of the Chicago Review and contributing editor of Kulchur and has poetry published in all the Beat literary magazines. He edited a collection of pieces by Antonin Artaud, Jean Genet, and Carl Solomon called The Trembling Lamb.
- De Grazia, Edward. Girls Lean Back Everywhere: The Law of Obscenity and the Assault on Genius. Random House.
Strangely, de Grazia feels compelled to drop a footnote: 'According to Allen Ginsberg, Big Table's assistant editor, John Fles, actually drove them in his car' (p. 358). Fortunately, such uninteresting digressions are rare.
- Thomas Pynchon (1984) Slow Learner, p. 7
- "Religion: Zen: Beat & Square", Time, July 21, 1958
- Josephine Nock-Hee Park, Apparitions of Asia: modernist form and Asian American poetics, p. 63