Location of Chickasaw in Mobile County, Alabama.
|• Total||4.56 sq mi (11.80 km2)|
|• Land||4.21 sq mi (10.89 km2)|
|• Water||0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)|
|Elevation||30 ft (9 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||5,908|
|• Density||1,404.33/sq mi (542.27/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP code||36611, 36671|
|GNIS feature ID||0116030|
Chickasaw is a city in Mobile County, Alabama, United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census the population is 6,106, a decline from 6,364 in 2000. It is included in the Mobile metropolitan statistical area.
Chickasaw is located at  According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), of which 4.4 square miles (11 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (3.06%) is water..
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,364 people, 2,747 households, and 1,747 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,436.3 people per square mile (554.7/km2). There were 2,989 housing units at an average density of 674.6 per square mile (260.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.89% White, 8.12% Black or African American, 1.35% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,747 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the city, the population dispersal was 23.6% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,036, and the median income for a family was $33,125. Males had a median income of $29,074 versus $21,181 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,190. About 13.0% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,106 people, 2,430 households, and 1,612 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,387,7 people per square mile (531.0 km2). There were 2,879 housing units at an average density of 654.3 per square mile (250.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 63.0% White, 33.6% Black or African American, .8% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 2.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,430 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the city, the population dispersal was 26.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.1 years. For every 100 females there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,061, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Males had a median income of $35,300 versus $25,369 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,105. About 18.9% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.
History of schools
Chicksaw's public schools were previously operated by the Mobile County Public School System. One elementary school, Hamilton Elementary School, was within the Chickasaw city limits and serves Chickasaw residents. In addition two magnet high schools, Chickasaw School of Mathematics and Science and the Clark School of Mathematics, Science and Technology, were in the city. Residents zoned to Hamilton are also zoned to Chastang Middle School.
Several years prior to 2009 officials of Chickasaw, Satsuma, and Saraland contemplated forming the "Delta School District." Around 2009 Chickasaw officials considered starting a plan to secede from the Mobile County school system after Mobile County officials considered closing the Chickasaw magnets, which together have a combined total of 14% Chickasaw residents; the rest of the students came from other locations, including the unincorporated area of Grand Bay. Mobile County considered moving the magnets to Shaw High School in western Mobile.
Immediately after the split, the Chickasaw School of Mathematics and Science continued to be located in Chickasaw, but residents of Chickasaw were required to pay $2,200 per year per child in order to attend the school. In January 2013 the Mobile County school board decided to move the Mathematics and Science school to the former Howard Elementary School near Downtown Mobile.
The present site of Chickasaw was, in the early 20th century before the city now standing was incorporated, a company town, wholly owned by companies such as the Gulf Shipbuilding Corporation. It was the subject of a Supreme Court of the United States decision (Marsh v. Alabama, 326 U.S. 501 (1946)), which stated that despite being a privately owned town, because it functioned as a town open to the public, the right conferred by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution cannot be abridged.
Incorporation as a city
Chickasaw as a city was incorporated in 1946 as a shipbuilding town.
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- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
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- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2015-08-03.
- Philips, Rena Havner. "Chickasaw, Satsuma school officials: Today is a day for the history books." Mobile Press-Register. Thursday April 5, 2012. Retrieved on November 17, 2012.
- Philips, Rena Havner. "Chickasaw officials to examine possible school split." Mobile Press-Register. Friday March 27, 2009. Retrieved on March 31, 2009.
- "Elementary Schools Middle Schools." Mobile County Public School System. Retrieved on March 31, 2009.
- Philips, Rena Havner. "Satsuma sets tuition for out-of-city students at $650." AL.com. April 29, 2012. Retrieved on July 29, 2016.
- Philips, Rena Havner. "Magnet school moving from Chickasaw to downtown Mobile." AL.com. January 31, 2013. Retrieved on July 29, 2016.