Chicken Maryland

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Chicken Maryland
Chicken Maryland (4230562563).jpg
Chicken Maryland with bacon, corn, banana, chick peas, cannelloni beans, fresh mint, wine and cream.
Course Main course
Region or state Maryland
Main ingredients Fried chicken, cream gravy

The term "Chicken Maryland" or "Maryland Chicken" refers to a historic dish associated with the U.S. state of Maryland, but has other meanings from other nations. In its home base, the food dish consists of fried chicken served with a cream gravy.[1]

History and preparation[edit]

Many Maryland families have their own heirloom recipes for this dish, and it remains a regional specialty in Eastern Shore restaurants.

The primary factor that distinguishes Maryland fried chicken from other Southern fried chicken is that rather than cooking the chicken in several inches of oil or shortening, the chicken is pan-fried in a heavy (traditionally cast-iron) skillet and covered tightly after the initial browning so that the chicken steams as well as fries.[2] Milk or cream is then added to the pan juices to create a white cream gravy, another Maryland characteristic.[3]

Escoffier had a recipe for "Chicken à la Maryland" in his landmark cookbook Ma Cuisine, but there is no canonical version of the recipe. Often the chicken is marinated in a buttermilk marinade. Breading recipes vary in use of egg or buttermilk and the seasoning of the flour; the seasoning of the cream gravy also varies widely, although gravy is a signature aspect of the dish.[citation needed]

Australia[edit]

In Australia the term "Chicken Maryland" simply refers to a butcher's cut for a whole leg consisting of the thigh and drumstick.[4]

UK[edit]

In England, there is a small chain of stores known as Maryland Chicken, mostly found in Leicestershire. There is no connection between the store name and the traditional dish, however. Their menu consists of normal fried-chicken cuisine, similar to KFC.[5]

Elsewhere[edit]

Other reported versions include: a fried chicken leg with ham and hush puppies (a batter made with flour, egg, oil, and milk or water, to which corn is added, then deep-fried); batter-fried chicken with hush-puppies and batter-fried bananas and pineapple rings; and bread-crumbed and fried chicken wings & drumsticks with sautéed bananas. Apparently some Southeast-Asian variations exist, such as one with breaded chicken thighs, hush puppies, and gravy, served with deep-fried potato slices, baby carrots, fried tomato halves, and fried bananas. In Argentina and in some neighboring South American countries, Suprema de Pollo Maryland is a pounded thin breast of chicken, breaded and fried, served with creamed corn, peas, bacon (panceta), French fries and a fried banana.[6][7]

The final first-class lunch menu on RMS Titanic included a dish called "Chicken à la Maryland".[8]

In F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel, "Tender is the Night", Nicole Diver looks for a recipe for Chicken Maryland while lying on the beach.

In the film Christmas in Connecticut, one of the survivors of a sinking gets Chicken Maryland as one of his meals in a hospital.

In the 1929 pre-code film, Sally, a restaurant patron orders Chicken a la Maryland

In China, Maryland Chicken is often served covered with mashed potatoes and a sweet corn gravy.[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Shields (1998) Chesapeake Bay Cooking, Crown Publishing Group, ISBN 0767900286.
  2. ^ Carman, Tim (February 23, 2010). "The Mystery of Maryland Fried Chicken". Washington City Paper. 
  3. ^ Irma S. Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker (1975) The Joy of Cooking. Bobbs-Merrill Co., Inc., Indianapolis, p. 424, ISBN 0026045702.
  4. ^ Chicken Cuts. steggles.com.au
  5. ^ Welcome to Maryland Chicken. Maryland-chicken.co.uk. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  6. ^ "Supremas de pollo a la Maryland". Clarín (Argentine newspaper) (in Spanish). 2005-08-18. 
  7. ^ "El origen de la milanesa". ABC Color (in Spanish). 2013-04-13. Archived from the original on 2014-05-17. 
  8. ^ Titanic Details | Icebergs Archived 2013-06-20 at the Wayback Machine.. WebTitanic. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
  9. ^ "Boathouse Shekou and Maryland Chicken". www.shenzhenparty.com. Shenzhen party. Retrieved 10 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Chicken Maryland - Recipe of Chinese version". www.foodnetwork.co.uk. Food Network. Retrieved 10 November 2016. 

External links[edit]